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  1. Responses to short-term exposure to simulated rain and wind by dairy cattle: time budgets, shelter use, body temperature and feed intake

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Clark, K. V., Cox, N. R., Matthews, L. R., Tucker, C. B.

    Our objective was to examine how short-term exposure to wind or rain, or the combination of wind and rain, influences behavioural and physiological responses and the motivation for shelter. Twenty-four, non-lactating, pregnant Holstein-Friesian cows were individually housed and allocated one of...

  2. Selection against aggressiveness in pigs at re-grouping: practical application and implications for long-term behavioural patterns

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Roehe, R., Lawrence, A. B.

    The routine mixing of pigs causes aggression that cannot be greatly reduced by low-cost environmental changes. The variability and heritability of aggressiveness are discussed and both appear adequate to make selection against aggressiveness worthwhile in grower-stage pigs. Selection would...

  3. Social behaviour and injuries of horned cows in loose housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Menke, C., Waiblinger, S., Folsch, D. W., Wiepkema, P. R.

    The relationship between social behaviour and skin injuries (caused by horns) of loose housed horned cows was investigated on 35 dairy farms (mean herd-size, 34.54, range, 8-80). While the frequencies of 2 agonistic behaviour elements (push and chase away) were positively correlated with the...

  4. Stocking density and stress induction affect production and stress parameters in broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Villagra, A., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Chacon, G., Lainez, M., Torres, A., Manteca, X.

    The objective of this paper is to analyse the effects of three different stocking densities on the production, stress and fear parameters of female broilers during a 46-day production period. Chickens were randomly distributed among nine floor pens in groups of 30 broilers with different space...

  5. The effect of mats on the welfare of sows and piglets in the farrowing house

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Regan, D., Leonard, F. C., Lynch, P. B., Brophy, P.

    The effect of providing mats in the farrowing pen on behaviour and lesions were studied in 38 sows and their piglets. 19 of the sows and their litters housed in farrowing crates with metal slatted floors were provided with mats and the remaining 19 sows were controls. Sow skin was inspected...

  6. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...

  7. The welfare of finishing pigs under different housing and feeding systems: liquid versus dry feeding in fully-slatted and straw-based housing

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Chennells, D. J., Armstrong, D., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    This study assessed the health and welfare implications of feeding pigs a dry or liquid diet when housed in either fully-slatted or straw-based accommodation. Between April and October 2002, 1024 (Large White x Landrace) x Large White pigs, housed in pens of 32, were fed ad libitum from 34 kg to...