Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle
Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
An Evaluation of Two Different Broiler Catching Methods
| Contributor(s):: Käthe Elise Kittelsen, Erik Georg Granquist, Agnete Lien Aunsmo, Randi Oppermann Moe, Elisiv Tolo
Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the broilers by two legs and...
Investigation Into the Humaneness of Slaughter Methods for Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcelus) in the Andean Region
| Contributor(s):: Limon, Georgina, Gonzales-Gustavson, Eloy A., Gibson, Troy J.
Guinea pigs (Cavia porcelus) are an important source of nonhuman animal protein in the Andean region of South America. Specific guidelines regarding the welfare of guinea pigs before and during slaughter have yet to be developed. This study critically assessed the humaneness of 4 different...
A Clean Kill: Tracking the Socio-technological Aspects of Slaughtering Animals in Iran
| Contributor(s):: Doostdar, Hamidreza Mohammadi, Shah, Mohd Hazim, Sattari, Mohammad Hossein, Doostdar, Ahmadreza Mohammadi, Mamat, Mohd Zufri
The slaughterhouse, whether it is seen as an institution, as an industry, or as a unique technological system, is arguably right at the heart of modernism. Human–animal relationships and more generally human–nature relationships bring about issues of rationalization, alienation, and commodity...
Mobile abattoir versus conventional slaughterhouse—Impact on stress parameters and meat quality characteristics in Norwegian lambs
| Contributor(s):: Eriksen, Marit Skog, Rødbotten, Rune, Grøndahl, Ann Margaret, Friestad, Mari, Andersen, Inger Lise, Mejdell, Cecilie M.
The aim of the present study was to investigate possible differences in certain stress parameters and meat quality characteristics between Norwegian lambs slaughtered at a mobile abattoir (at two different localities) versus lambs slaughtered at a conventional, stationary slaughterhouse. Lambs...
Human–animal interactions at abattoirs: Relationships between handling and animal stress in sheep and cattle
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, Paul H., Rice, Maxine, Karlen, Marcus G., Calleja, Lisa, Barnett, John L., Nash, Judy, Coleman, Grahame J.
Relationships between handling and animal stress were studied in 200 animals, of similar age from one property, at each of two sheep and two cattle abattoirs (n=800). A total of 14 and 13 stockpeople handled the study sheep and cattle, respectively. At each abattoir, 10 cohorts of 20 animals from...
Relationships between handling, behaviour and stress in lambs at abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Rice, M., Borg, S., Edwards, L. E., Ponnampalam, E. N., Coleman, G. J.
Open Knowledge about Slaughter on the Internet—A Case Study on Controversies
| Contributor(s):: Anne Algers, Charlotte Berg
Animal products are consumed by a large majority of the global population, yet public knowledge about animal handling and welfare during the slaughter process is limited. An open educational resource about slaughter, called “Animal welfare at slaughter and killing” has been openly...
Is a "Good Death" at the Time of Animal Slaughter an Essentially Contested Concept?
| Contributor(s):: Qurat ulAin, Terry L. Whiting
The question of how to kill animals for food has persisted unresolved in the Anglo-American and European social and political discourse for more than a century. Scientific informed narrative has been directed at “documenting” the experience of the slaughtered animal in the last few...
Review of The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications
| Contributor(s):: A.G. Holdier
A. G. Holdier reviews The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
| Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Nozīmju piešķiršana industriālo lopkopības fermu dzīvniekiem
| Contributor(s):: Maija Krastiņa
Bakalaura darba “Nozīmju piešķiršana industriālo lopkopības fermu dzīvniekiem” mērķis ir analizēt cilvēku-dzīvnieku attiecības starp kāvējiem un lauksaimniecības dzīvniekiem, it īpaši pievēršot uzmanību nozīmēm, kādas tiek piešķirtas dzīvniekiem un...
Estimating the Availability of Potential Homes for Unwanted Horses in the United States
| Contributor(s):: Emily Weiss, Emily D Dolan, Heather Mohan-Gibbons, Shannon Gramann, Margaret R Slater
There are approximately 200,000 unwanted horses annually in the United States. This study aimed to better understand the potential homes for horses that need to be re-homed. Using an independent survey company through an Omnibus telephone (land and cell) survey, we interviewed a nationally...
Was Jack the Ripper a Slaughterman? Human-Animal Violence and the World's Most Infamous Serial Killer
| Contributor(s):: Andrew Knight, Katherine D Watson
Hundreds of theories exist concerning the identity of “Jack the Ripper”. His propensity for anatomical dissection with a knife—and in particular the rapid location and removal of specific organs—led some to speculate that he must have been surgically trained. However,...
The morality of livestock farming: a view from the British farmers' standpoints
| Contributor(s):: Fukuda, K.
This article describes how livestock farmers respond to moral enquiries about their means of livelihood, by referring to ethnographic data collected in the Scottish Borders. The focus is on three controversial aspects of livestock farming: welfare issues of intensive farming methods, guilt about...
The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities
| Contributor(s):: Jacques, J. R.
Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for investigating...
Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.
Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...
Moral "lock-in" in responsible innovation: the ethical and social aspects of killing day-old chicks and its alternatives
| Contributor(s):: Bruijnis, M. R. N., Blok, V., Stassen, E. N., Gremmen, H. G. J.
The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are...
Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland
| Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.
There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...