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  1. Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study

    Contributor(s):: Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia

    This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...

  2. Compliance with OIE animal welfare standards in slaughterhouses in Tehran Province, Iran: An introductory survey

    Contributor(s):: Abyaneh, Hamid Khaneghahi, Dabaghian, Atieh, Rezaeigolestani, Mohammadreza, Amanollahi, Davoud

    World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) recommends member countries to comply with global standards of animal welfare. The present study was conducted to reveal the compliance of animal welfare standards in slaughterhouses in Tehran province (Iran). The following three major parameters were...

  3. Animal-Based Welfare Assessment of Cattle and Water Buffalo in Bangladeshi Slaughterhouses

    Contributor(s):: Alam, Mohammad Rashedul, Islam, Md Jahirul, Amin, Al, Shaikat, Amir Hossan, Pasha, Md Ridoan, Doyle, Rebecca E.

    This study quantified the welfare of 423 cattle and water buffalo in four Bangladeshi slaughterhouses to identify facility and species-specific factors that influence welfare. The majority of animals arrived at the slaughterhouse with injuries, signs of dehydration and oculo-nasal discharge....

  4. Cattle behaviours and stockperson actions related to impaired animal welfare at Swedish slaughter plants

    Contributor(s):: Hultgren, Jan, Wiberg, Sofia, Berg, Charlotte, Cvek, Katarina, Lunner Kolstrup, Christina

    At a slaughter plant, cattle are sometimes exposed to rough handling which may reduce animal welfare (AW). In an observational study at four Swedish commercial slaughter plants, AW-related behaviours of cattle and actions of abattoir stockpersons handling the same animals were recorded...

  5. Addressing the Challenges of Conducting Observational Studies in Sheep Abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Elyssa Payne, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    The competing needs of maintaining productivity within abattoirs, and maintaining high standards of animal welfare, provide fertile grounds for applied research in animal behavior. However, there are challenges involved in capturing useful behavioral data from the supply chain (from paddock to...

  6. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  7. Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.

    This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...

  8. Was Jack the Ripper a Slaughterman? Human-Animal Violence and the World's Most Infamous Serial Killer

    Contributor(s):: Andrew Knight, Katherine D Watson

    Hundreds of theories exist concerning the identity of “Jack the Ripper”. His propensity for anatomical dissection with a knife—and in particular the rapid location and removal of specific organs—led some to speculate that he must have been surgically trained. However,...

  9. Good Management Practice for Animal Handling and Stunning

    Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    These guidelines are a supplement to the 1991 Recommended Animal Handling Guideline for Meat Packers. The main emphasis of this guide is on the use of a welfare performance standards which can be objectively scored instead of specifying equipment design or practices. Scoring procedures for...

  10. The Welfare of pigs during Transport and Slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    To maintain a high standard of animal welfare during the transportation and slaughter of pigs requires both the proper equipment and supervision of employees. The use of numerical scoring of handling and stunning can help maintain high standards because it will enable management to determine...

  11. The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities

    Contributor(s):: Jacques, J. R.

    Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for investigating...

  12. A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport

    Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.

    Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...

  13. Effects of catching and transportation versus pre-slaughter handling at the abattoir on the prevalence of wing fractures in broilers

    Contributor(s):: Kittelsen, K. E., Granquist, E. G., Vasdal, G., Tolo, E., Moe, R. O.

    Fractures occurring in conscious broiler chickens are painful and severely compromise animal welfare. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-slaughter handling procedures on the frequency of wing fractures. Wings were examined for fractures in 11,609 broilers, from 12...

  14. Stunning Australia

    Contributor(s):: Probyn-Rapsey, F.

  15. Spanish bullfight: some historical aspects, traditional interpretations, and comments fo archaeozoological interest for the study of the ritual slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Morales Muñiz, Lola Carmen, Crabtree, P. J., Ryan, Kathleen

  16. Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism

    Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...

  17. Assessment of key parameters for gunshot used on cattle: a pilot study on shot placement and effects of diverse ammunition on isolated cattle heads

    Contributor(s):: Schiffer, K. J., Retz, S. K., Richter, U., Algers, B., Hensel, O.

    There have been many improvements regarding transport conditions, pre-slaughter handling, and captive-bolt stunning of cattle at commercial abattoirs, but many challenges still exist. Animals unaccustomed to human-animal contact, such as free-range beef cattle, may be especially difficult to...

  18. A veterinary and behavioral analysis of dolphin killing methods currently used in the "drive hunt" in Taiji, Japan

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Brakes, P., Vail, C. S., Reiss, D.

    Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death....

  19. Handling and welfare of bovine livestock at local abattoirs in Bangladesh

    Contributor(s):: Murshidul, Ahsan, Hasan, B., Algotsson, M., Sarenbo, S.

    The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animal slaughter without stunning. The handling and welfare of bovine livestock ( Bos indicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A total of 302...

  20. Using conjoint analysis to weight broiler welfare variables based on slaughterhouse data

    Contributor(s):: Tuunainen, P., Valaja, J., Valkonen, E., Hepola, H.

    The Council of the European Union adopted the welfare directive for broiler chickens in 2007 (Commission of the European Communities, 2007). The directive defines minimum demands and objectives for broiler production ranging from stocking density to welfare. This study found that the level of...