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  1. Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) displaying self-injurious behavior show more sleep disruption than controls

    Contributor(s):: Stanwicks, Lauren L., Hamel, Amanda F., Novak, Melinda A.

    Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a pathology observed in both humans and animals. In humans, SIB has been linked to various mental health conditions that are also associated with significant sleep disruption. In rhesus macaques, SIB consists of self-directed biting which can range from mild skin...

  2. Anxiety Symptoms and Sleep Disturbance in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Impact of Receiving and Training a Service Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Scotland-Coogan, Diane

    The impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on our combat veterans and their families is extensive. Symptoms of anxiety and the effects of sleep disturbance have a negative impact on daily functioning (Wright et al., 2011). The presence of a dog has demonstrated a reduction in anxiety...

  3. Shaping healthy habits in children with neurodevelopmental and mental health disorders: parent perceptions of barriers, facilitators and promising strategies

    | Contributor(s):: Bowling, A., Blaine, R. E., Kaur, R., Davison, K. K.

  4. Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bence Varga, Anna Gergely, Agoston Galambos, Anna Kis

    It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...

  5. Gender-differences in social health concepts. A cross-sectional study on interpersonal stress, social support and companionship with dog: correlations to sleep-problems

    | Contributor(s):: Siv Elin Skille

    Background and overview: Social ties have profound effects on health and well-being, and men and women are found to differ in the concepts of it. Findings are however somewhat inconclusive on some aspects. This study contributes to existing knowledge about gender-differences in interpersonal...

  6. Therapeutic effects of dog visits in nursing homes for the elderly

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, Karen, Sørensen, Lisbeth Uhrskov, Christensen, Janne Winther, Poulsen, Pia Haun, Houbak, Birthe, Damgaard, Vibeke, Keseler, Ingrid, Edwards, David, Videbech, Poul B.

    BackgroundPrevious studies have suggested that visiting dogs can have positive effects on elderly people in nursing homes. We wanted to study the effects of biweekly dog visits on sleep patterns and the psychiatric well‐being of elderly people.MethodsA total of 100 residents (median age: 85.5...

  7. Effect of pet insects on the psychological health of community-dwelling elderly people: a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Ko, H. J., Youn, C. H., Kim, S. H., Kim, S. Y.

    Background: There is evidence that animal-assisted therapy has positive effects on mental health, especially in elderly people. Caring for insects is easy, relatively inexpensive, and does not require much space. Objective: The aim of this 8-week randomized, controlled, single-blinded study was...

  8. Behaviour problems in pets

    | Contributor(s):: Richmond, R.

  9. The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.

    Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...

  10. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...

  11. The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.

    Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...

  12. Never get sick!

    | Contributor(s):: Kirchheimer, Sid, Giralt, Steve

  13. Do horses gallop in their sleep? : consciousness, evolution, and the problem of animal minds

    | Contributor(s):: Cartmill, Matt

  14. REM sleep, energy balance and 'optimal foraging'

    | Contributor(s):: Horne, Jim

  15. REM sleep, energy balance and 'optimal foraging'

    | Contributor(s):: Horne, Jim

  16. REM sleep, energy balance and optimal foraging

    | Contributor(s):: Horne, Jim

  17. The sound of a wild snail eating (excerpts)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elisabeth Tova Bailey

    Elisabeth Tova Bailey tells the inspiring and intimate story of her uncommon encounter with a Neohelix albolabris—a common forest snail. While an illness keeps her bedridden, Bailey watches as the snail takes up residence on her nightstand. She discovers the solace and sense of wonder that this...

  18. Local beat

  19. Health wire

  20. Service Dog Training Program for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress in Service Members

    | Contributor(s):: Yount, Rick A., Olmert, M.D., Lee, Mary R.