Social dog — emotional dog?
| Contributor(s):: Stefanie Riemer
Based on their high sociability and their capabilities in social cognition, we should conclude that dogs experience rich emotions in the social domain. I discuss the importance of dog-human attachment and some of the controversial evidence for so-called secondary emotions, which leaves many...
Revisiting a Previously Validated Temperament Test in Shelter Dogs, Including an Examination of the Use of Fake Model Dogs to Assess Conspecific Sociability
| Contributor(s):: Shanis Barnard, Danielle Kennedy, Reuben Watson, Paola Valsecchi, Gareth Arnott
This study assessed the feasibility and reproducibility of a previously validated temperament test (TT) for shelter dogs. The test was developed to measure dog behaviour in the kennel, and traits of sociability towards people and other dogs, docility to leash, playfulness, cognitive skills, and...
Do social factors related to allostatic load affect stereotypy susceptibility? Management implications for captive social animals
| Contributor(s):: Nagy-Reis, M. B., Mendonca-Furtado, O., Resende, B.
Do rabbits need each other? Effects of single versus paired housing on rabbit body temperature and behaviour in a UK shelter
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Shields, P.
Kangaroo harvesters and the euthanasia of orphaned young-at-foot: applying the theory of planned behaviour to an animal welfare issue
| Contributor(s):: Sharp, T. M., McLeod, S. R.
The psychosocial influence of companion animals on positive and negative affect during the COVID-19 pandemic
| Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W., Erdman, P.
Indication that the presence of older conspecifics reduces agonistic behaviour in piglets at weaning
| Contributor(s):: Morrone, Beatrice, Bernardino, Thiago, Tatemoto, Patricia, Rodrigues, Frederico Augusto Mazzocca Lopes, de Moraes, José Evandro, da Cruz, Thiago Dorsa Almeida, Zanella, Adroaldo José
Behavioral and Perceptual Differences between Sexes in Dogs: An Overview
| Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Biagio D’Aniello
In this paper, we review the scientific reports of sex-related differences in dogs as compared to the outcomes described for wild animals. Our aim was to explore whether the differences in male and female dogs were affected by the domestication process, in which artificial selection is the main...
Pet Ownership and Human–Animal Interaction in an Aging Population: Rewards and Challenges
| Contributor(s):: Enders-Slegers, Marie-José, Hediger, Karin
Older adults in most developed countries can now expect to live nearly 80 years without significant disability. To maximize the quality of the years after retirement, societies, governments, and organizations are seeking strategies to help older adults maintain their mental and physical health,...
Trade-offs between feeding and social companionship in cattle: Intra-animal consistency over short and extended periods
| Contributor(s):: Hirata, Masahiko, Taketomi, Ikuko, Matsumoto, Yuka, Kubo, Shotaro
The conflict between sociability and foraging motivation in animals is considered to be of potential value for use in the management of grassland systems to improve grazing pattern of livestock over grasslands. However, individual differences in behaviors relating to this conflict have not been...
Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: Prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin
| Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Mack, Laurie A., Carter, C. Sue, Garner, Joseph P., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N., Richert, Brian T., Lay, Donald C.
Developmental changes in response to prenatal stressors (PNS) can result in anxiety and abnormal social development in the offspring. Oxytocin (OT) reduces anxiety, whereas OT deficiencies are associated with social behaviour deficits. Hence, we hypothesized that OT could reverse some of the PNS...
Intraspecific attachment in adult domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Preliminary results
| Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Carlone, Beatrice, Ricci, Eva, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo
Canis familiaris is a highly social species. Among the social relationships between two individuals, a particular case is represented by attachment bonds. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the bond between adult cohabitant dogs may be regarded as attachment. Twenty-two couples of...
Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies
| Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike
Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...
Behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of Vietnamese and Pitman–Moore weaned piglets
| Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, David, Tallet, Céline, Guérin, Carole, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine
Miniature pigs are increasingly used as alternative models in biomedical research, but little is known about their behavioural reactivity. However this should be taken into account when selecting breeds. In the present study, behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of 63 weaned...
Measuring empathic responses in animals
| Contributor(s):: Edgar, J. L., Nicol, C. J., Clark, C. C. A., Paul, E. S.
Domestic animals may be frequently exposed to situations in which they witness the distress or pain of conspecifics and the extent to which they are affected by this will depend on their capacity for empathy. Empathy encompasses two partially distinct sets of processes concerned with the...
Keeping horses in groups: A review
| Contributor(s):: Hartmann, Elke, Søndergaard, Eva, Keeling, Linda J.
Although husbandry conditions for horses have improved over the last decades, many horses are still kept singly with limited or no physical contact to other horses. This is surprising, given the fact that keeping horses in groups is recognised best to fulfil their physical and behavioural needs,...
Benefits of pair housing are consistent across a diverse population of rhesus macaques
| Contributor(s):: Baker, Kate C., Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Oettinger, Brooke, Neu, Kimberly, Griffis, Caroline, Schoof, Valérie, Maloney, Margaret
Introducing singly housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) into isosexual pairs is widely considered to improve welfare. The population of laboratory rhesus macaques is heterogeneous on a variety of factors and there is little literature available to directly evaluate the influence of many of...
Behavioural analysis of solitary versus socially housed snow leopards (Panthera uncia), with the provision of simulated social contact
| Contributor(s):: Macri, Alaina M., Patterson-Kane, Emily
Activity budgets of 18 captive snow leopards were analyzed in order to assess the behaviour of cats housed singly versus those housed socially. Six solitary snow leopards and 12 socially housed snow leopards were compared. Pacing and activity level were used as indicators of the potential welfare...
Assessment of sociability in farm animals: The use of arena test in lambs
| Contributor(s):: Ligout, Séverine, Foulquié, Didier, Sèbe, Frédéric, Bouix, Jacques, Boissy, Alain
The present study aimed to evaluate an experimental approach to individually assess social reactivity among sheep. INRA401 male lambs (n=163) were reared together outdoors as part of a larger flock. Fifteen days after weaning the animals were individually exposed to an arena test of 2 phases...
Aggressive behaviour at regrouping is a poor predictor of chronic aggression in stable social groups
| Contributor(s):: Turner, Simon P., Nevison, Ian M., Desire, Suzanne, Camerlink, Irene, Roehe, Rainer, Ison, Sarah H., Farish, Marianne, Jack, Mhairi C., D’Eath, Richard B.
Commercial pigs globally are routinely mixed into new social groups. This results in regrouping aggression predominantly during the first 24h which compromises welfare and productivity. Chronic aggression persists thereafter and is also undesirable. Management strategies are needed that reduce...