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  1. Pet Ownership and Human–Animal Interaction in an Aging Population: Rewards and Challenges

    Contributor(s):: Enders-Slegers, Marie-José, Hediger, Karin

    Older adults in most developed countries can now expect to live nearly 80 years without significant disability. To maximize the quality of the years after retirement, societies, governments, and organizations are seeking strategies to help older adults maintain their mental and physical health,...

  2. Trade-offs between feeding and social companionship in cattle: Intra-animal consistency over short and extended periods

    Contributor(s):: Hirata, Masahiko, Taketomi, Ikuko, Matsumoto, Yuka, Kubo, Shotaro

    The conflict between sociability and foraging motivation in animals is considered to be of potential value for use in the management of grassland systems to improve grazing pattern of livestock over grasslands. However, individual differences in behaviors relating to this conflict have not been...

  3. Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: Prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin

    Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Mack, Laurie A., Carter, C. Sue, Garner, Joseph P., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N., Richert, Brian T., Lay, Donald C.

    Developmental changes in response to prenatal stressors (PNS) can result in anxiety and abnormal social development in the offspring. Oxytocin (OT) reduces anxiety, whereas OT deficiencies are associated with social behaviour deficits. Hence, we hypothesized that OT could reverse some of the PNS...

  4. Intraspecific attachment in adult domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Preliminary results

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Carlone, Beatrice, Ricci, Eva, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo

    Canis familiaris is a highly social species. Among the social relationships between two individuals, a particular case is represented by attachment bonds. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the bond between adult cohabitant dogs may be regarded as attachment. Twenty-two couples of...

  5. Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies

    Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike

    Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...

  6. Behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of Vietnamese and Pitman–Moore weaned piglets

    Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, David, Tallet, Céline, Guérin, Carole, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine

    Miniature pigs are increasingly used as alternative models in biomedical research, but little is known about their behavioural reactivity. However this should be taken into account when selecting breeds. In the present study, behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of 63 weaned...

  7. Measuring empathic responses in animals

    Contributor(s):: Edgar, J. L., Nicol, C. J., Clark, C. C. A., Paul, E. S.

    Domestic animals may be frequently exposed to situations in which they witness the distress or pain of conspecifics and the extent to which they are affected by this will depend on their capacity for empathy. Empathy encompasses two partially distinct sets of processes concerned with the...

  8. Keeping horses in groups: A review

    Contributor(s):: Hartmann, Elke, Søndergaard, Eva, Keeling, Linda J.

    Although husbandry conditions for horses have improved over the last decades, many horses are still kept singly with limited or no physical contact to other horses. This is surprising, given the fact that keeping horses in groups is recognised best to fulfil their physical and behavioural needs,...

  9. Benefits of pair housing are consistent across a diverse population of rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Baker, Kate C., Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Oettinger, Brooke, Neu, Kimberly, Griffis, Caroline, Schoof, Valérie, Maloney, Margaret

    Introducing singly housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) into isosexual pairs is widely considered to improve welfare. The population of laboratory rhesus macaques is heterogeneous on a variety of factors and there is little literature available to directly evaluate the influence of many of...

  10. Behavioural analysis of solitary versus socially housed snow leopards (Panthera uncia), with the provision of simulated social contact

    Contributor(s):: Macri, Alaina M., Patterson-Kane, Emily

    Activity budgets of 18 captive snow leopards were analyzed in order to assess the behaviour of cats housed singly versus those housed socially. Six solitary snow leopards and 12 socially housed snow leopards were compared. Pacing and activity level were used as indicators of the potential welfare...

  11. Assessment of sociability in farm animals: The use of arena test in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Ligout, Séverine, Foulquié, Didier, Sèbe, Frédéric, Bouix, Jacques, Boissy, Alain

    The present study aimed to evaluate an experimental approach to individually assess social reactivity among sheep. INRA401 male lambs (n=163) were reared together outdoors as part of a larger flock. Fifteen days after weaning the animals were individually exposed to an arena test of 2 phases...

  12. Aggressive behaviour at regrouping is a poor predictor of chronic aggression in stable social groups

    Contributor(s):: Turner, Simon P., Nevison, Ian M., Desire, Suzanne, Camerlink, Irene, Roehe, Rainer, Ison, Sarah H., Farish, Marianne, Jack, Mhairi C., D’Eath, Richard B.

    Commercial pigs globally are routinely mixed into new social groups. This results in regrouping aggression predominantly during the first 24h which compromises welfare and productivity. Chronic aggression persists thereafter and is also undesirable. Management strategies are needed that reduce...

  13. Social rivalry triggers visual attention in children with autism spectrum disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger

    Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention,...

  14. Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...

  15. Domestic dogs' understanding of human emotional cues

    | Contributor(s):: Min Hooi Yong

    Past research has focused on the ability of domestic dogs to recognise human communicative cues such as human pointing, eye gaze, attachment behaviour, social learning, and responses to affective stimuli. However, there is still much to be learned about dogs’ ability to recognise human...

  16. Technology and restructuring the social field of dairy farming: hybrid capitals, 'stockmanship' and Automatic Milking Systems

    | Contributor(s):: Butler, D., Holloway, L.

    Using Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) as an example we use the work of Bourdieu to illustrate how technology can be seen as restructuring dairy farming practices, what it is to be a dairy farmer, and the wider field of dairy farming. Approaching technology in this way and drawing upon the...

  17. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    | Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  18. Mājdzīvnieku loma vientulības mazināšanā: dzīvnieki kā cilvēku aizstājēji

    | Contributor(s):: Maija Jaunzeme

    Vientulība ir universāls, tomēr joprojām līdz galam neizprasts fenomens gan zinātnē, gan sabiedrībā. Vientulības cēloņi var būt dažādi, taču tie vienmēr saistīti ar atšķirtību- vai nu sociālu vai emocionālu. Lai mazinātu vientulības sajūtu, ir nepieciešama kvalitatīva komunikācija,...

  19. A review and synthesis of dog cognition research : the world from a dog's point of view

    | Contributor(s):: Miles Kuiling Bensky

    Driven by both applied and theoretical goals, scientific interest in canine cognition has experienced a rapid surge in popularity, especially over the last 15 years (Morell, 2009). Here we provide the most comprehensive review to date of dog cognition research, capturing all the articles (285) we...

  20. Los beneficios de la Terapia con animales y naturaleza sobre las personas con diversidad funcional

    | Contributor(s):: Serena Dubreu

    El objetivo del proceso de investigación de mi Trabajo de Fin de Grado recae en los beneficios que tienen la naturaleza y los animales sobre las personas con diversidad funcional y más precisamente sobre las personas con trastorno mental. Lo que me motivó en esta...