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  1. Animal-assisted activity improves social behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism

    Contributor(s):: Germone, M. M., Gabriels, R. L., Guérin, N. A., Pan, Z., Banks, T., O'Haire, M. E.

  2. Herd dynamics and distribution of zebu cows and calves (Bos indicus) are affected by state before, during and after calving

    Contributor(s):: Pérez-Torres, Libia, Averós, Xavier, Estevez, Inma, Rubio, Ivette, Corro, Manuel, Clemente, Neftalí, Orihuela, Agustín

    To investigate whether zebu (Bos indicus) cows organize in different social groups according to their physiological state, cow–cow and cow–calf distances were measured. A single herd of 31 multiparous cows around parturition was observed for 6 weeks. Through the evaluation period, animals were...

  3. Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets

    Contributor(s):: Vitulli, V., Zanin, L., Trentini, R., Lucidi, P.

  4. Does the location of enrichment material affect behavior and dirtiness in growing female pigs?

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, Antoni, Areal, Bruno, Machado, Silvana, Pallisera, Joaquim, Velarde, Antonio

    The objective of this study was to investigate if female growing pigs spend similar amounts of time exploring a wooden stick as they do exploring enrichment material regardless of its proximity to the feeder. Forty-eight pigs aged 18 to 26 weeks allocated to 16 pens with three pigs per pen were...

  5. Exploring Social (Non-working) Behavior in Guide Dogs from the Perspective of Guide Dog Owners

    Contributor(s):: York, Sarah, Whiteside, Helen

    The guide dog partnership begins at the point of matching, when careful assessment of a trained guide dog and an understanding of the functional needs and expectations of the prospective owner are considered alongside each other. Guide Dogs UK invest much time and resources to the process of...

  6. Social interactions, cortisol and reproductive success of domestic goats (Capra hircus) subjected to different animal densities during pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, Chojnacki, Rachel, Kjøren, Marte Flor, Lyngwa, Charlotte, Andersen, Inger Lise

    Although goats in many countries are kept indoors in the winter season, during gestation and kidding, recommendations and regulations regarding available space per goat are highly variable. The effects of different housing conditions on the welfare and behaviour are understudied in this species....

  7. Mother rearing of dairy calves: Reactions to isolation and to confrontation with an unfamiliar conspecific in a new environment

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, Kathrin, Barth, Kerstin, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne

    The aim of this study was to test the effects of mother rearing on behavioural and physiological stress reactions of calves in challenging situations. Thus, we compared mother-reared and artificially reared calves that were kept in the same group but with varying contact with adults....

  8. Factors influencing the welfare of goats in small established groups during the separation and reintegration of individuals

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    As a goat's separation from or reintegration into its group is likely to have an adverse effect on the welfare of both the separated goat and the remaining goats in the group, management procedures need to be carried out in a way that minimises their negative impact. In the present study, we...

  9. Exploring the dog park: Relationships between social behaviours, personality and cortisol in companion dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ottenheimer Carrier, Lydia, Cyr, Amanda, Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.

    The relationships between behaviour, owner-rated personality, and cortisol were examined in companion dogs that visited a local off-leash dog park. In Study 1, salivary cortisol increased significantly from baseline levels following 20min in the dog park (P=0.013), but not in the same dogs...

  10. Effects of age and group type on social behaviour of male western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in North American zoos

    Contributor(s):: Stoinski, Tara S., Lukas, Kristen E., Kuhar, Christopher W.

    The long-term management of male gorillas in zoos is a significant challenge. The demographics of the population – specifically a 50/50 sex ratio and the desire to form breeding groups that contain a single male and multiple females – necessitates housing a majority of adult males outside of...

  11. Behavioural and physiological reactions of goats confronted with an unfamiliar group either when alone or with two peers

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    When introduced into a new herd, goats are confronted with unfamiliar animals. Their behavioural and physiological reactions during this confrontation are likely to differ depending on the presence or absence of familiar conspecifics (peers). To assess these reactions, we confronted 12 goats both...

  12. The behaviour of gestating dairy ewes under different space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Averós, Xavier, Lorea, Areta, de Heredia, Ignacia Beltrán, Ruiz, Roberto, Marchewka, Joanna, Arranz, Josune, Estevez, Inma

    Provision of adequate housing is essential to assure the welfare of farm animals. One relevant aspect is space allowance, due to potential consequences on the behaviour and welfare of animals. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of space allowance on the behaviour and...

  13. Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception

    Contributor(s):: Ransom, Jason I., Powers, Jenny G., Garbe, Heidi M., Oehler, Michael W., Nett, Terry M., Baker, Dan L.

    Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...

  14. Age over experience: Consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs

    Contributor(s):: Clark, Corinna C. A., D’Eath, Richard B.

    Excessive aggression between pigs at mixing is a welfare and production issue resulting in stress, injuries and economic losses. If it can be demonstrated that aggression is a consistent behaviour trait, it might provide a means to reduce these losses. To test for consistency of aggressiveness,...

  15. Two's company? Solitary vixens’ motivations for seeking social contact

    Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Akre, Anne Kathrine, Flø, Andreas, Bakken, Morten, Koistinen, Tarja, Mason, Georgia J.

    The flexible social organisation in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) suggests that social contact could enrich the housing of silver fox vixens (a selected line of red foxes) farmed for their fur. To investigate their social motivation, adult vixens housed in an operant apparatus were allowed to pull a...

  16. The relationship between the comb and social behaviour in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: O’Connor, Emily A., Saunders, John E., Grist, Hannah, McLeman, Morven A., Wathes, Christopher M., Abeyesinghe, Siobhan M.

    The question of whether attributes of the combs of laying hens have any consistent relationship with dominance behaviour has yet to be answered unequivocally. This study sought to address this by investigating whether a relationship existed between the competitive ability of hens within stable...

  17. Motivation for social contact in horses measured by operant conditioning

    Contributor(s):: Søndergaard, Eva, Jensen, Margit Bak, Nicol, Christine J.

    Although horses are social animals they are often housed individually with limited social contact to other horses and this may compromise their welfare. The present study included eight young female horses and investigated the strength of motivation for access to full social contact, head contact...

  18. Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, Kathryn L., Weary, Daniel M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G.

    Disease is one of the single largest issues facing food animal agriculture today. Risk factors for various diseases in cattle, swine and chickens include aspects of both the physical and social environment. In this paper we review literature linking the social environment to illness in farm...

  19. The introduction of individual goats into small established groups has serious negative effects on the introduced goat but not on resident goats

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    The introduction of an individual goat into an established group is likely to result in intense agonistic interactions, which may adversely affect the welfare of both the introduced goat and the resident goats. To assess this situation, we introduced eight horned and eight hornless goats one at a...

  20. Integration into the dairy cow herd: Long-term effects of mother contact during the first twelve weeks of life

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, Kathrin, Barth, Kerstin, Palme, Rupert, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne

    The objective of this study is to investigate the long-term effects of mother rearing on the ability to cope with the challenge of integration into the cow herd shortly before first parturition. Four groups of heifers with different levels of contact with their mothers during the first twelve...