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  1. Goats Follow Human Pointing Gestures in an Object Choice Task

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Martin, Z. M., McElligott, A. G.

  2. A Longitudinal Study of Decision Making in the Process of Acquiring a Dog

    Contributor(s):: Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie, Epstude, Kai

    To prevent potential problems in the relationship between people and their dogs, it is important to engage in a thoughtful decision-making process with regard to acquiring a dog. To map the most important elements in the decision-making process, a social cognitive model was applied using seven...

  3. When do dogs help humans?

    Contributor(s):: Bräuer, Juliane, Schönefeld, Katja, Call, Josep

    Here we investigate whether domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) engage in instrumental helping towards humans without special training. We hypothesized that dogs would help a human if the human's goal was made as obvious as possible. Therefore we used a set-up in which a human attempted to enter a...

  4. Horses feel emotions when they watch positive and negative horse–human interactions in a video and transpose what they saw to real life

    Contributor(s):: Trösch, Miléna, Pellon, Sophie, Cuzol, Florent, Parias, Céline, Nowak, Raymond, Calandreau, Ludovic, Lansade, Léa

    AbstractAnimals can indirectly gather meaningful information about other individuals by eavesdropping on their third-party interactions. In particular, eavesdropping can be used to indirectly attribute a negative or positive valence to an individual and to adjust one’s future behavior towards...

  5. Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.

  6. Stress, security, and scent: The influence of chemical signals on the social lives of domestic cats and implications for applied settings

    Contributor(s):: Vitale Shreve, Kristyn R., Udell, Monique A. R.

    Although millions of cats live among humans worldwide the scientific community knows relatively little about cat behavior and cognition. Olfaction is an important perceptual sense for many members of Carnivora, however the role of chemical signals in cat social relationships is not fully...

  7. The exceptions that prove the rule? Spontaneous helping behaviour towards humans in some domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jaasma, Linda, Kamm, Isabelle, Ploeger, Annemie, Kret, Mariska E.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are skilled at reading and correctly responding to human communicative gestures to locate hidden food. Whether they, like chimpanzees, will understand requests for help in retrieving a fallen object, is not known. The aim of this study was to examine whether dogs...

  8. Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth

    In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...

  9. Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Krause, A., Nawroth, C.

  10. Human Demonstration Does Not Facilitate the Performance of Horses (Equus caballus) in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joan-Bryce Burla, Janina Siegwart, Christian Nawroth

    Horses were confronted with a spatial problem-solving task in which they had to detour an obstacle. Individuals that observed a human demonstrating how to solve the task did not solve the task more often or faster compared with a control group without demonstration. However, horses of both the...

  11. Evaluation of the Dogs, Physical Activity, and Walking (Dogs PAW) Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Richards, N. Ogata, C. Cheng

    Background. To facilitate physical activity (PA) adoption and maintenance, promotion of innovative population-level strategies that focus on incorporating moderate intensity, lifestyle PA are needed. Objectives. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the Dogs, Physical...

  12. Does experience with animals improve toddlers' understanding of others' sound perception?

    | Contributor(s):: Rachelle Stover

    Introduction: Much research has examined what children understand about others’ visual perception. For instance, 2-year-olds can determine when an object is hidden from another’s viewpoint (Flavell, 1992). Less is known about children’s understanding of other’s auditory...

  13. Cognition and the Development of Social Cognition in the Domestic Dog (Canis Lupus Familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Camille Ward

    We examined cognition and the development of social cognition in domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) with three studies. Study one focused on numerical competence in dogs and studies two and three addressed the development of social relationships among littermates. In the first study, we...

  14. A review and synthesis of dog cognition research : the world from a dog's point of view

    | Contributor(s):: Miles Kuiling Bensky

    Driven by both applied and theoretical goals, scientific interest in canine cognition has experienced a rapid surge in popularity, especially over the last 15 years (Morell, 2009). Here we provide the most comprehensive review to date of dog cognition research, capturing all the articles (285) we...

  15. Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot

    Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...

  16. Juvenile Domestic Pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) Use Human-Given Cues in an Object Choice Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Mirjam Ebersbach, Eberhard von Borell

    Research on the comprehension of human-given cues by domesticated as well as non-domesticated species has received considerable attention over the last decade. While several species seem to be capable of utilizing these cues, former work with domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) has shown...

  17. Canine emotions as seen through human social cognition.

    | Contributor(s):: Miiamaaria V. Kujala

    It is not possible to demonstrate that dogs (Canis familiaris) feel emotions, but the same is true for all other species, including our own. The issue must therefore be approached indirectly, using premises similar to those used with humans. Recent methodological advances in canine research...

  18. Goats Display Audience-Dependent Human-Directed Gazing Behaviour in a Problem-7 Solving Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Jemma M. Brett, Alan G. McElligott

    Domestication is an important factor driving changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to communicate in a referential and intentional way with humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication as a companion animal shaped the canid brain. However, the...

  19. Are Juvenile Domestic Pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) Sensitive to the Attentive States of Humans? The Impact of Impulsivity on Choice Behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Mirjam Ebersbach, Eberhard von Borell

    Previous studies have shown that apes, dogs and horses seem to be able to attribute attentive states to humans. Subjects chose successfully between two persons: one who was able to see the animal and one who was not. Using a similar paradigm, we tested a species that does not rely strongly on...

  20. California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) Can Follow Human Finger Points and Glances

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas Arkwright, Raphaelle Malassis, Toby Carter, Fabienne Delfour

    The aim of this study was to determine whether California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are capable of using subtle human gestural cues in a series of object choice tests. Four sea lions, housed at Parc Astérix Dolphinarium (Plailly, France), were tested using three gestural cues:...