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Tags: social cognition

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  1. Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.

  2. Stress, security, and scent: The influence of chemical signals on the social lives of domestic cats and implications for applied settings

    Contributor(s):: Vitale Shreve, Kristyn R., Udell, Monique A. R.

    Although millions of cats live among humans worldwide the scientific community knows relatively little about cat behavior and cognition. Olfaction is an important perceptual sense for many members of Carnivora, however the role of chemical signals in cat social relationships is not fully...

  3. The exceptions that prove the rule? Spontaneous helping behaviour towards humans in some domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jaasma, Linda, Kamm, Isabelle, Ploeger, Annemie, Kret, Mariska E.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are skilled at reading and correctly responding to human communicative gestures to locate hidden food. Whether they, like chimpanzees, will understand requests for help in retrieving a fallen object, is not known. The aim of this study was to examine whether dogs...

  4. Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth

    In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...

  5. Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling

    | Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Krause, A., Nawroth, C.

  6. Human Demonstration Does Not Facilitate the Performance of Horses (Equus caballus) in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joan-Bryce Burla, Janina Siegwart, Christian Nawroth

    Horses were confronted with a spatial problem-solving task in which they had to detour an obstacle. Individuals that observed a human demonstrating how to solve the task did not solve the task more often or faster compared with a control group without demonstration. However, horses of both the...

  7. Evaluation of the Dogs, Physical Activity, and Walking (Dogs PAW) Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Richards, N. Ogata, C. Cheng

    Background. To facilitate physical activity (PA) adoption and maintenance, promotion of innovative population-level strategies that focus on incorporating moderate intensity, lifestyle PA are needed. Objectives. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the Dogs, Physical...

  8. Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot

    Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...

  9. Juvenile Domestic Pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) Use Human-Given Cues in an Object Choice Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Mirjam Ebersbach, Eberhard von Borell

    Research on the comprehension of human-given cues by domesticated as well as non-domesticated species has received considerable attention over the last decade. While several species seem to be capable of utilizing these cues, former work with domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) has shown...

  10. Canine emotions as seen through human social cognition.

    | Contributor(s):: Miiamaaria V. Kujala

    It is not possible to demonstrate that dogs (Canis familiaris) feel emotions, but the same is true for all other species, including our own. The issue must therefore be approached indirectly, using premises similar to those used with humans. Recent methodological advances in canine research...

  11. Goats Display Audience-Dependent Human-Directed Gazing Behaviour in a Problem-7 Solving Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Jemma M. Brett, Alan G. McElligott

    Domestication is an important factor driving changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to communicate in a referential and intentional way with humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication as a companion animal shaped the canid brain. However, the...

  12. Are Juvenile Domestic Pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) Sensitive to the Attentive States of Humans? The Impact of Impulsivity on Choice Behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Mirjam Ebersbach, Eberhard von Borell

    Previous studies have shown that apes, dogs and horses seem to be able to attribute attentive states to humans. Subjects chose successfully between two persons: one who was able to see the animal and one who was not. Using a similar paradigm, we tested a species that does not rely strongly on...

  13. California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) Can Follow Human Finger Points and Glances

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas Arkwright, Raphaelle Malassis, Toby Carter, Fabienne Delfour

    The aim of this study was to determine whether California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are capable of using subtle human gestural cues in a series of object choice tests. Four sea lions, housed at Parc Astérix Dolphinarium (Plailly, France), were tested using three gestural cues:...

  14. Neurobiological underpinnings of dogs’ human-like social competence: How interactions between stress response systems and oxytocin mediate dogs’ social skills

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips

  15. Randomized Controlled Theory-Based, E-Mail-Mediated Walking Intervention: Differences Between Dog Owners and Non-Dog Owners

    | Contributor(s):: Libby Richards, Niwako Ogata, Ching-Wei Cheng

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of two concurrent randomized controlled interventions based on social cognitive theory to increase walking. A second purpose was to compare the efficacy of the intervention between two distinct groups: dog owners and non-dog owners. Adult dog...

  16. Dogs, Physical Activity, and Walking (Dogs PAW): Acceptability and feasibility of a pilot physical activity intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Richards, Elizabeth A., Ogata, Niwako, Ting, Jeffrey

  17. A Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Reduce Loneliness

    | Contributor(s):: Masi, C. M., Chen, H. Y., Hawkley, L. C., Cacioppo, J. T.

  18. Social and cognitive correlates of Utah residents’ acceptance of the lethal control of wolves

    | Contributor(s):: Bruskotter, Jeremy T., Vaske, Jerry J., Schmidt, Robert H.

    The objectives of this study were to: (a) determine the acceptability of several methods of lethal and non-lethal wolf control, (b) identify factors that explain acceptability of lethal control, and (c) test a model for predicting acceptability of lethal control. Data were obtained from a mail...

  19. Children's Attention to Beliefs in Interactive Persuasion Tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Bartsch, Karen, London, Kamala, Campbell, Michelle Diane

  20. Human Uniqueness in the Age of Ape Language Research

    | Contributor(s):: Trachsel, M.