Mother rearing of dairy calves: Reactions to isolation and to confrontation with an unfamiliar conspecific in a new environment
Contributor(s):: Wagner, Kathrin, Barth, Kerstin, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne
The aim of this study was to test the effects of mother rearing on behavioural and physiological stress reactions of calves in challenging situations. Thus, we compared mother-reared and artificially reared calves that were kept in the same group but with varying contact with adults....
The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial
Contributor(s):: Schenk, G., Duindam, H. M., Creemers, H. E., Hoeve, M., Stams, Gjjm, Asscher, J. J.
Social Interaction with an "Unidentified Moving Object" Elicits A-Not-B Error in Domestic Dogs
Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Anna B Compton, Ruth C Newberry, Adam Miklosi
Mechanical “unidentified moving objects” (UMO’s) are useful for controlled investigations into features of social interaction that generate cooperativeness and positive social affiliation in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). We hypothesized that, if a UMO interacted socially...
Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs
Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...
Do Lambs Perceive Regular Human Stroking as Pleasant? Behavior and Heart Rate Variability Analyses
| Contributor(s):: Marjorie Coulon, Raymond Nowak, Julie Peyrat, Herve Chandeze, Alain Boissy, Xavier Boivin
Stroking by humans is beneficial to the human-animal relationship and improves welfare in many species that express intraspecific allogrooming, but very few studies have looked at species like sheep that do not express such contact except around parturition. This study investigated the way...
Defining and Clarifying the Terms Canine Possessive Aggression and Resource Guarding: A Study of Expert Opinion
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| Contributor(s):: Jacquelyn A. Jacobs, Jason B. Coe, Tina M. Widowski, David L. Pearl, Lee Niel
The terms possessive aggression and resource guarding are often used interchangeably to describe behavior patterns used by a dog to control primary access to a perceived valuable item. The use of inconsistent terminology may impact the effectiveness of communication between...
Danger! Danger! Danger!, or When Animals Might Attack: The Adventure Activist Genre
| Contributor(s):: Mark. L Berrettini
An analysis of the current state of the adventure activist genre in film, centering on The Crocodile Hunter and Project Grizzly.
Influence of Maternal Care on Behavioural Development of Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Living in a Home Environment
| Contributor(s):: Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjo, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies...
The Use of a Virtual Online Debating Platform to Facilitate Student Discussion of Potentially Polarising Topics
| Contributor(s):: Paul D. McGreevy, Vicky Tzioumis, Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Robert Brown, Mike Sands, Melissa J. Starling, Clive J.C. Phillips
The merits of students exchanging views through the so-called human continuum exercise (HCE) are well established. The current article describes the creation of the virtual human continuum (VHC), an online platform that facilitates the same teaching exercise. It also reports feedback on the VHC...
Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner
Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...
Potential Role of Pet Cats As a Sentinel Species for Human Exposure to Flame Retardants
| Contributor(s):: Luis A. Henríquez-Hernández, Elena Carretón, María Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Luis D. Boada, Verónica Bernal Martín, Yaiza Falcón Cordón, Soraya Falcón Cordón, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P. Luzardo
Flame retardants are a wide group of chemicals used by the industry to avoid combustion of materials. These substances are commonly found in plastics, electronic equipment, fabrics, and in many other everyday articles. Subsequently, ubiquitous environmental contamination by these common chemical...
Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology
| Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz
Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley
Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...
Canine Detection of the Volatilome: A Review of Implications for Pathogen and Disease Detection
| Contributor(s):: Craig Angle, Lowell Paul Waggoner, Arny Ferrando, Pamela Haney, Thomas Passler
The volatilome is the entire set of volatile organic compounds (VOC) produced by an organism. The accumulation of VOC inside and outside of the body reflects the unique metabolic state of an organism. Scientists are developing technologies to non-invasively detect VOC for the purposes of medical...
Assistance Dogs: Historic Patterns and Roles of Dogs Placed by ADI or IGDF Accredited Facilities and by Non-Accredited U.S. Facilities
| Contributor(s):: Sandra Walther, Mariko Yamamoto, Abigail Paige Thigpen, Anaissa Garcia, Neil H. Willits, Lynette A. Hart
Dogs’ roles to support people with disabilities are increasing. Existing U.S. laws and regulations pertaining to the use of dogs for people with disabilities are only minimally enforced. Pushback legislation against some aspects of uses of assistance dogs currently is being passed or...
Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain
| Contributor(s):: J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned...
Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England
Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...
Comparing the Effect of Animal-Rearing Education in Japan with Conventional Animal-Assisted Education
| Contributor(s):: Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also...
Rabies Vaccination Targets for Stray Dog Populations
| Contributor(s):: Tiffany Leung, Stephen A. Davis
The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray or...