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  1. Assessing the Social and Psychological Impacts of Endemic Animal Disease Amongst Farmers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Delyth Crimes, Gareth Enticott

    Outbreaks of exotic animal disease, such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) are associated with social and psychological impacts amongst farmers. Whilst claims of similar impacts for endemic diseases have been made, there is little empirical evidence to justify these assertions. This paper...

  2. Identifying sustainability issues for soymeal and beef production chains

    | Contributor(s):: Kamali, F. P., Meuwissen, M. P. M., Boer, I. J. M. de, Stolz, H., Jahrl, I., Garibay, S. V., Jacobsen, R., Driesen, T., Oude Lansink, A. G. J. M.

    The expansion of livestock production throughout the world has led to increased demand for high protein animal feed. This expansion has created economic benefits for livestock farmers and other actors in the chain, but also resulted in environmental and social side effects. This study aims to...

  3. Industrial farm animal production: a comprehensive moral critique

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rossi, J., Garner, S. A.

    Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model-often known as 'industrial farm animal production' (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and...

  4. The political economy of land grabs in Malawi: investigating the contribution of limphasa sugar corporation to rural development

    | Contributor(s):: Chinsinga, B., Chasukwa, M., Zuka, S. P.

    Though a recent phenomenon, land grabs have generated considerable debate that remains highly polarized. In this debate, one view presents land deals as a path to sustainable and transformative rural development through capital accumulation, infrastructural development, technology transfer, and...

  5. Elements of societal perception of farm animal welfare: A quantitative study in The Netherlands

    | Contributor(s):: Boogaard, B. K., Oosting, S. J., Bock, B. B.

  6. Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case

    | Contributor(s):: Rivera-Ferre, M. G.

    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more...

  7. Does the world need U.S. farmers even if Americans don't?

    | Contributor(s):: Hendrickson, M. K., James, H. S., Jr., Heffernan, W. D.

    We consider the implications of trends in the number of U.S. farmers and food imports on the question of what role U.S. farmers have in an increasingly global agrifood system. Our discussion stems from the argument some scholars have made that American consumers can import their food more cheaply...

  8. Potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Waswa, F., Netondo, G., Maina, L., Naisiko, T., Wangamati, J.

    This study examines the potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt,Western Kenya. Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007...

  9. Selective patronage and social justice: local food consumer campaigns in historical context

    | Contributor(s):: Hinrichs, C. C., Allen, P.

    In the early 2000s, the development of local food systems in advanced industrial countries has expanded beyond creation and support of farmers' markets and community supported agriculture farms and projects to include targeted Buy Local Food campaigns. Non-governmental groups in many U.S. places...

  10. Societal concerns about pork and pork production and their relationships to the production system

    | Contributor(s):: Kanis, E., Groen, A. F., Greef, K. H. de

    This paper examines the aspects of modern pigmeat production systems that give rise to concerns within various groups of actors and thereby affect the acceptability of pigmeat by these groups in western Europe. A brief description of a present day pigmeat production system and the actors involved...

  11. The struggle over functional foods: justice and the social meaning of functional foods. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    | Contributor(s):: Korthals, M.

    The social and scientific debate over functional foods has two focal points. One is the issue of the reliability and trustworthiness of the claims connected with functional foods. The second issue is the issue of the sociocultural dimension of functional foods and their detrimental effect on the...

  12. Understanding the scope of farmer perceptions of risk: considering farmer opinions on the use of genetically modified (GM) crops as a stakeholder voice in policy

    | Contributor(s):: Guehlstorf, N. P.

    This study explores the relationship of farmer attitudes and GM agriculture. A survey was conducted on 200 farmer adopters and non-adopters of GM crops within the counties of Madison, Macoupin, Jersey and Feyette in Illinois, USA on the perception of risk in relation to GM food production and...

  13. A biotechnological agenda for the Third World

    | Contributor(s):: Goldstein, D. J.

    It is argued that Third World countries should exploit the genetic information stored in their flora and fauna to develop independent and highly competitive biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries. The necessary condition for this policy to succeed is the reshaping of their universities...

  14. Beyond the terms of the contract: mothers and farmers

    | Contributor(s):: Campbell, M.

    At the heart of the recent Canadian agricultural policy review is the concept of partnership. The formation of partnerships between various members of the agri-food sector, it is claimed, will provide a framework in which all parties will benefit. The paper describes the contract assumptions...

  15. Biofuels: efficiency, ethics, and limits to human appropriation of ecosystem services

    | Contributor(s):: Gomiero, T., Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing...

  16. Environmental and social implications of waste in US agriculture and food sectors

    | Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    A preliminary survey of the environmental and social costs in the US agricultural and food sectors indicates an estimated waste of at least $150 000 million per year of the total $700 000 million food/fibre GNP. Much of the wastes and many of the negative environmental and social impacts...

  17. Ethical and political problems in Third World biotechnology

    | Contributor(s):: Goldstein, D. J.

    Third World countries are not pursuing scientific and technological policies leading to the development of strong biotechnological industries. It is argued that their leaders have been misled into believing that modern biotechnological industries can be built in the absence of strong,...