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  1. Effects of Metabolic Cage Housing on Rat Behavior and Performance in the Social Interaction Test

    Contributor(s):: Whittaker, Alexandra L., Lymn, Kerry A., Howarth, Gordon S.

    Although the metabolic cage is commonly used for housing nonhuman animals in the laboratory, it has been recognized as constituting a unique stressor. Such an environment would be expected to affect behavioral change in animals housed therein. However, few studies have specifically addressed the...

  2. Physical Activity and Welfare of Guide Dogs and Walking Activity of Their Partners

    Contributor(s):: Yamamoto, Mariko, Yamamoto, Marissa M., Hart, Lynette A.

    Appropriate physical activity is beneficial for physical and psychosocial wellbeing, and it is recommended for people to have 30 minutes of activity on most days of the week, to yield 150 minutes per week. Getting sufficient physical activity particularly challenges people with visual...

  3. The effect of social buffering on fear responses in sheep (Ovis aries)

    Contributor(s):: González, Matilú, Averós, Xavier, Heredia, Ina Beltrán de, Ruiz, Roberto, Arranz, Josune, Estevez, Inma

    Fear in farm animals has been extensively studied because of its close relation to animal welfare. Numerous studies have categorized the behavioral responses of animals to stimuli that can elicit a fear reaction under social isolation conditions. However, farm animals are highly social and...

  4. The relevance of group size on goats’ social dynamics in a production environment

    Contributor(s):: Andersen, Inger Lise, Tønnesen, Hege, Estevez, Inma, Cronin, Greg M., Bøe, Knut Egil

    The aim of the present experiment was to examine the effects of short-term experience with three different group sizes in an increasing and decreasing fashion on the frequency social interactions in goats. Two batches of 24 healthy, dehorned, 2–5 years old, lactating dairy goats (Capra hircus)...

  5. Effects of enrichment items on activity and social interactions in domestic horses (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Liestøl, Silje Hanche-Olsen, Bøe, Knut Egil

    The aim of this study was to investigate the use of items intended to provide enrichment during turnout, both for individual and group kept horses in an attempt to reduce the amount of passive behaviours. The study was divided into two parts, where study 1 involved eight horses rotated through...

  6. The ability of horses to learn an instrumental task through social observation

    Contributor(s):: Ahrendt, Line Peerstrup, Christensen, Janne Winther, Ladewig, Jan

    The ability of horses to learn through social observation may ease the implementation of new management systems, because the use of automatic feeders etc. by naive horses could be facilitated by observation of experienced horses. However, previous studies found no documentation for observational...

  7. Effect of environmental enrichment and composition of the social group on the behavior, welfare, and relative brain weight of growing rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Bozicovich, Thais F. M., Moura, Ana Silvia A. M. T., Fernandes, Simone, Oliveira, Aline A., Siqueira, Edson R. Siqueira

    The objective of the study was to investigate if environmental enrichment and the composition of the social group would affect the behavior and relative brain weight of growing rabbits. Rabbits (72 males and 72 females) were assigned to cages with or without enrichment and one of three social...

  8. Koira-avusteisen toiminnan lisääminen sosiaalisen työllistymisen työpajalle - vaikuttavuus työyhteisössä

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Milla Ristola

    Opinnäytetyössä tutkittiin Green Care -ideologiaan pohjautuvaa koira-avusteista työskentelymenetelmää sosiaalisen työllistämisen työpajalla. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tuoda koira-avusteinen työmenetelmä työyhteisölle...

  9. Social Interaction with an "Unidentified Moving Object" Elicits A-Not-B Error in Domestic Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Anna B Compton, Ruth C Newberry, Adam Miklosi

    Mechanical “unidentified moving objects” (UMO’s) are useful for controlled investigations into features of social interaction that generate cooperativeness and positive social affiliation in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). We hypothesized that, if a UMO interacted socially...

  10. The Haptic Creature : social human-robot interaction through affective touch

    | Contributor(s):: Steven John Yohanan

    Emotion communication is an important aspect of social interaction. Affect display research from psychology as well as social human-robot interaction has focused primarily on facial or vocal behaviors, as these are the predominant means of expression for humans. Much less attention, however, has...

  11. Hännänheilahduksia : koira-avusteisen työskentelyn pilottiprojekti Turun kaupungin ympärivuorokautisessa hoidossa olevien vanhusten parissa

    | Contributor(s):: Johanna Lundén

    Kehittämistyön tarkoituksena oli seurata ja dokumentoida Turun kaupungin vanhusten ympärivuorokautisen hoidon yksiköissä toteutettavaa koira-avusteisen työskentelyn pilottiprojektia helmikuusta syyskuuhun 2012. Projekti tukee Green care ideologian...

  12. The Effects of Animal-Assisted Activities on the Social and Emotional Development of Young Children with Characteristics of Emotional Behavioral Disorders

    | Contributor(s):: Elaine K. Schmid

    As emotional behavioral disorders become more prevalent throughout the school-age population, intervention during the early childhood ages is becoming key. Considering that social emotional delays are risk factors for emotional behavioral disorders and the evidence of social-emotional health in...

  13. Equinoterapia en niños con autismo

    | Contributor(s):: Dr. Carlos Francisco Martinez Alvernia

    Introducción: Autismo es un trastorno del desarrollo caracterizado por compromiso en interacción social, habilidades de lenguaje, presentando rituales con estereotipias. Sin tratamientos curativos, actualmente se buscan terapias alternativas. Un incremento de la literatura...

  14. Pet-person social interaction in institutional settings : an ethnomethodological analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Sandra Yetta Fields

  15. Introduction

    | Contributor(s):: Gee, Nancy R., Esposito, Layla, McCune, Sandra, Freund, Lisa S., McCardle, Peggy

  16. Integrative commentary II: Shared neurobiological mechanisms and social interactions in human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  17. Neural mechanisms underlying human-animal interaction: An evolutionary perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Carter, C. Sue, Porges, Stephen W., Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  18. Habitus and responsible dog-ownership: reconsidering the health promotion implications of 'dog-shaped' holes in people's lives

    | Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Rogers, W., Riley, T.

    Responsible dog ownership has been identified as a point of intervention to promote physical activity, based upon an expectation of dog walking in public space. Nevertheless, quantitative research has found variability among owners in their dog walking. In this study, we explore the implications...

  19. Pet ownership, social interest, and sociability

    | Contributor(s):: Joubert, Charles E

  20. Role of small animals in social interactions between strangers

    | Contributor(s):: Hunt, Susan J., Hart, Lynette A., Gomulkiewicz, Richard