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  1. Aggressive, Submissive, and Affiliative Behavior in Sanctuary Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes) During Social Integration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fultz, Amy, Yanagi, Akie, Breaux, Sarah, Beaupre, Leilani

    Chimp Haven is a sanctuary for chimpanzees being retired from biomedical research and from facilities that can no longer care for them. Chimpanzees often live in smaller groups in captive settings; however, Chimp Haven integrates them into larger, more species-typical groups. Social...

  2. The Role of Socialisation in the Taming and Management of Wild Dingoes by Australian Aboriginal People

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brumm, Adam, Koungoulos, Loukas

    Historical sources and Indigenous oral traditions indicate that Australian Aboriginal people commonly reared and kept the wild-caught pups of dingoes (C. dingo) as tamed companion animals. A review of the available evidence suggests Indigenous communities employed an intense socialisation...

  3. Increasing shelter cat welfare through enrichment: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Houser, Bridgette, Vitale, Kristyn R.

    Research into cat behavior has gained more attention in recent years. As one of the world’s most popular companion animals, work in this field has potential to have wide-reaching benefits. Cats living in shelters are posed with distinct welfare concerns. Shelter cat welfare can be increased...

  4. Unanswered Questions and Hypotheses about Domestic Cat Behavior, Ecology, and the Cat-Human Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C.

    After recent publication of several reviews covering research results from the last 35 years of domestic cat studies, a number of important unanswered questions and hypotheses have arisen that could interest active researchers, especially those beginning their academic careers. Some sections of...

  5. Duties to Socialise with Domesticated Animals: Farmed Animal Sanctuaries as Frontiers of Friendship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Guy Scotton

    I argue that humans have a duty to socialise with domesticated animals, especially members of farmed animal species: to make efforts to include them in our social lives in circumstances that make friendships possible. Put another way, domesticated animals have a claim to opportunities to...

  6. Effect of switching sows’ positions during lactation on suckling behaviour and performance of co-mingling piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Guzmán-Pino, Sergio A., Luna, Daniela, Salazar, Laura C., Poblete-Grez, Paulina, Figueroa, Jaime

  7. Facilitators and Barriers to Assistance Dog Puppy Raisers' Engagement in Recommended Raising Practices

    | Contributor(s):: Mai, D., Howell, T., Benton, P., Lewis, V., Evans, L., Bennett, P. C.

  8. Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy Among Children with Mental Health Disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alysa Amelio

    Background: Mental health illness is on the rise amongst children in the United States. Research is still underway about alternative forms of therapy to provide to this vulnerable population. One of the alternative therapies utilized is Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT). Objectives: The...

  9. Programas de socialização para cachorros: uma só saúde

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Inês Isabel Nunes Coelho

    A medicina comportamental de animais de companhia tem vindo a sofrer uma enorme evolução ao longo dos últimos anos, nomeadamente no que concerne o desenvolvimento comportamental do cachorro e os seus programas de socialização. Paralelamente, também a...

  10. Socialising piglets in lactation positively affects their post-weaning behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Morgan, Talia, Pluske, John, Miller, David, Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Fleming, Patricia A.

    Although commercial farrowing sheds keep individual litters separated, previous studies have suggested that housing systems that allow socialisation of piglets pre-weaning can reduce aggression after weaning. This study tested whether pigs socialised with non-litter mates pre-weaning would show...

  11. Human–dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacán, Mexico

    | Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, Eliza, Eilers, Karen H. A. M., Bokkers, Eddie A. M., Ortolani, Alessia, Ortega-Pacheco, Antonio, de Boer, Imke J. M.

    In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs’ behavioural responses towards familiar and...

  12. Fear responses to noises in domestic dogs: Prevalence, risk factors and co-occurrence with other fear related behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Blackwell, Emily J., Bradshaw, John W. S., Casey, Rachel A.

    Behavioural signs of fear or anxiety on exposure to noises in owned domestic dogs have been suggested in clinical studies to be common and a significant welfare concern. In this study two approaches were taken to investigate the occurrence of, and risk factors for, these behaviours: a postal...

  13. Improving puppy behavior using a new standardized socialization program

    | Contributor(s):: Vaterlaws-Whiteside, Helen, Hartmann, Amandine

    Studies identifying the underlying determinants of adult dog behavior and highlighting successful methods of early intervention are essential to reduce and ultimately prevent problem behaviors developing. The aim of this research was to create and assess the impact of a new nest socialization...

  14. Reprint of “Rearing piglets in multi-litter group lactation systems: Effects on piglet aggression and injuries post-weaning”

    | Contributor(s):: Verdon, Megan, Morrison, Rebecca S., Hemsworth, Paul H.

    This experiment investigated the effects of rearing piglets in a multi-litter lactation system on piglet aggression at weaning. The following four pre-weaning treatments were applied to 72 sows and their litters (n=642 piglets); (1) Farrowing crate (‘FC’ − n=24 sows), (2) PigSAFE pens, in which...

  15. Rearing piglets in multi-litter group lactation systems: Effects on piglet aggression and injuries post-weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Verdon, Megan, Morrison, Rebecca S., Hemsworth, Paul H.

    This experiment investigated the effects of rearing piglets in a multi-litter lactation system on piglet aggression at weaning. The following four pre-weaning treatments were applied to 72 sows and their litters (n=642 piglets); (1) Farrowing crate (‘FC’ − n=24 sows), (2) PigSAFE pens, in which...

  16. Behavioural outcomes of housing for domestic dog puppies (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Pąsiek, Magdalena, Pietraszewski, Dariusz, Smith, Carl

    Domestic dogs experience a sensitive period for learning during early life and conditions during this time can have important consequences in the adult. We investigated the effects of kennel environment during early life, comparing the temperaments of puppies reared in indoor kennels, located in...

  17. Benefits of intraspecific social exposure in adult Swiss military dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Gfrerer, Nastassja, Taborsky, Michael, Würbel, Hanno

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are social animals and, therefore, social interactions with conspecifics are crucial for their welfare. However, in kennelled dogs, the ability to interact with conspecifics may be limited. Swiss military dogs, for instance, are kept individually without direct...

  18. Relationships, Socialization and Combat Veterans: The Impact of Receiving and Training a Service Dog

    | Contributor(s):: Scotland-Coogan, Diane

  19. Canine development and socialization

  20. A Qualitative Assessment of Virginia Beach Dog Park Users

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Edwin Gomez, John Hunting

    The purpose of this paper is to look at a Virginia Beach, Virginia (VA) dog park as a case study exploring the benefits and perceptions of dog parks by its users. The qualitative methodology follows an earlier dog park study by Gómez (2013) in Norfolk, VA. Our findings indicated three...