Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy Among Children with Mental Health Disorders
| Contributor(s):: Alysa Amelio
Background: Mental health illness is on the rise amongst children in the United States. Research is still underway about alternative forms of therapy to provide to this vulnerable population. One of the alternative therapies utilized is Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT). Objectives: The...
Programas de socialização para cachorros: uma só saúde
| Contributor(s):: Inês Isabel Nunes Coelho
A medicina comportamental de animais de companhia tem vindo a sofrer uma enorme evolução ao longo dos últimos anos, nomeadamente no que concerne o desenvolvimento comportamental do cachorro e os seus programas de socialização. Paralelamente, também a...
Socialising piglets in lactation positively affects their post-weaning behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Morgan, Talia, Pluske, John, Miller, David, Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Fleming, Patricia A.
Although commercial farrowing sheds keep individual litters separated, previous studies have suggested that housing systems that allow socialisation of piglets pre-weaning can reduce aggression after weaning. This study tested whether pigs socialised with non-litter mates pre-weaning would show...
Human–dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacán, Mexico
| Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, Eliza, Eilers, Karen H. A. M., Bokkers, Eddie A. M., Ortolani, Alessia, Ortega-Pacheco, Antonio, de Boer, Imke J. M.
In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs’ behavioural responses towards familiar and...
Fear responses to noises in domestic dogs: Prevalence, risk factors and co-occurrence with other fear related behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Blackwell, Emily J., Bradshaw, John W. S., Casey, Rachel A.
Behavioural signs of fear or anxiety on exposure to noises in owned domestic dogs have been suggested in clinical studies to be common and a significant welfare concern. In this study two approaches were taken to investigate the occurrence of, and risk factors for, these behaviours: a postal...
Improving puppy behavior using a new standardized socialization program
| Contributor(s):: Vaterlaws-Whiteside, Helen, Hartmann, Amandine
Studies identifying the underlying determinants of adult dog behavior and highlighting successful methods of early intervention are essential to reduce and ultimately prevent problem behaviors developing. The aim of this research was to create and assess the impact of a new nest socialization...
Reprint of “Rearing piglets in multi-litter group lactation systems: Effects on piglet aggression and injuries post-weaning”
| Contributor(s):: Verdon, Megan, Morrison, Rebecca S., Hemsworth, Paul H.
This experiment investigated the effects of rearing piglets in a multi-litter lactation system on piglet aggression at weaning. The following four pre-weaning treatments were applied to 72 sows and their litters (n=642 piglets); (1) Farrowing crate (‘FC’ − n=24 sows), (2) PigSAFE pens, in which...
Rearing piglets in multi-litter group lactation systems: Effects on piglet aggression and injuries post-weaning
Behavioural outcomes of housing for domestic dog puppies (Canis lupus familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Pąsiek, Magdalena, Pietraszewski, Dariusz, Smith, Carl
Domestic dogs experience a sensitive period for learning during early life and conditions during this time can have important consequences in the adult. We investigated the effects of kennel environment during early life, comparing the temperaments of puppies reared in indoor kennels, located in...
Benefits of intraspecific social exposure in adult Swiss military dogs
| Contributor(s):: Gfrerer, Nastassja, Taborsky, Michael, Würbel, Hanno
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are social animals and, therefore, social interactions with conspecifics are crucial for their welfare. However, in kennelled dogs, the ability to interact with conspecifics may be limited. Swiss military dogs, for instance, are kept individually without direct...
Relationships, Socialization and Combat Veterans: The Impact of Receiving and Training a Service Dog
| Contributor(s):: Scotland-Coogan, Diane
Canine development and socialization
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A Qualitative Assessment of Virginia Beach Dog Park Users
| Contributor(s):: Edwin Gomez, John Hunting
The purpose of this paper is to look at a Virginia Beach, Virginia (VA) dog park as a case study exploring the benefits and perceptions of dog parks by its users. The qualitative methodology follows an earlier dog park study by Gómez (2013) in Norfolk, VA. Our findings indicated three...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
| Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
The effects of hippotherapy in children and adolescents with autism : a systematic review
| Contributor(s):: Emily Layne Ybarbo
The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of hippotherapy, also known as horse- or equine-assisted therapy, for improving the socialization and communication behaviors of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The PubMed research database was...
Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats
| Contributor(s):: Whitney Blankenberger
Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...
Influence of Maternal Care on Behavioural Development of Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Living in a Home Environment
| Contributor(s):: Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjo, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies...
Institut Français de Zoothérapie
| Contributor(s):: François Beiger
Développer des formations professionnelles et Universitaires aux pratiques de la médiation animale en Europe, en Tunisie et au Canada. Théorie, pratique.Aborder la dimension professionnelle sur la médiation animale et tout ce qui s'y rapporte. Programmes,...
The Ethics of Animal Training
| Contributor(s):: Anthony Milligan
Animal training sits toward the uncomfortably overt end of human dominance. It can involve familiar kinds of harms, but, as commentators such as Vicki Hearne and Donna Haraway have pointed out, it can also enhance animal contentment, capabilities and autonomy. However, unlike socialization, it is...
The Perceived Psychosocial Benefits of Pet Ownership on Child Development: A Parental Perspective
| Contributor(s):: Erin K. Leahy
The purpose of this review is to explore the beneficial role pets play in facilitating the psychosocial development of preadolescent children. It is proposed that the pet is perceived by both the child and parent as a developmental resource during preadolescent development, as it assists the...