Exploring children’s perceptions of an after-school canine-assisted social and emotional learning program: A case study
Contributor(s):: Harris, Nicole M., Binfet, John-Tyler
Do Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris catus) infer Reputation in Humans after Direct and Indirect Experience?
Contributor(s):: Jessica Leete, Jennifer Vonk, Silvia Oriani, Taryn Eaton, Jennifer Lieb
Although felids in general tend to be relatively asocial, domestic cats live closely with humans and other domestic species and thus, might be expected to respond to cues indicating, for example, the reputation of others. Furthermore, recent research with other less social species suggests that...
Social learning of feeding behaviour in pigs: Effects of neophobia and familiarity with the demonstrator conspecific
Contributor(s):: Figueroa, Jaime, Solà-Oriol, David, Manteca, Xavier, Pérez, José Francisco
Social interactions facilitate animals learning of new features of their environment minimizing a trial and error process. It has been observed in some species that food cues can be acquired by one individual (the observer) from an animal model (demonstrator) due to social learning. Three...
Should old dog trainers learn new tricks? The efficiency of the Do as I do method and shaping/clicker training method to train dogs
Contributor(s):: Fugazza, Claudia, Miklósi, Ádám
Despite evidence that dogs are skilful in acquiring information socially from humans and are able to copy the actions of a human demonstrator, formal dog-training methods have traditionally relied only on individual learning (operant and classical conditioning). We compared the efficiency of the...
Facilitating ‘learning from mom how to eat like a pig’ to improve welfare of piglets around weaning
Contributor(s):: Oostindjer, Marije, Kemp, Bas, van den Brand, Henry, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
Piglets in commercial husbandry are weaned abruptly and at a rather young age. Many weanling piglets are poorly adapted to ingest solid food, often resulting in a period of underfeeding. The underfeeding generally leads to a poor growth, diarrhoea occurrence and the development of damaging...
Effects of environmental enrichment and loose housing of lactating sows on piglet behaviour before and after weaning
Contributor(s):: Oostindjer, Marije, van den Brand, Henry, Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
Weaning of piglets in commercial husbandry systems is earlier and more abrupt than would happen under natural conditions, resulting in low feed intakes and health and welfare problems in the immediate postweaning period. Piglets in commercial systems generally have limited opportunities to learn...
The ability of horses to learn an instrumental task through social observation
Contributor(s):: Ahrendt, Line Peerstrup, Christensen, Janne Winther, Ladewig, Jan
The ability of horses to learn through social observation may ease the implementation of new management systems, because the use of automatic feeders etc. by naive horses could be facilitated by observation of experienced horses. However, previous studies found no documentation for observational...
Social learning in horses: The effect of using a group leader demonstrator on the performance of familiar conspecifics in a detour task
Contributor(s):: McVey, Anna, Wilkinson, Anna, Mills, Daniel S.
Learning through the observation of others allows the transfer of information without the costs incurred during individual trial and error learning. Horses (Equus caballus) are a highly social species, which might be expected to be capable of learning from others, but experimental findings are...
Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
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| Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean
Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...
Human Demonstration Does Not Facilitate the Performance of Horses (Equus caballus) in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task
| Contributor(s):: Joan-Bryce Burla, Janina Siegwart, Christian Nawroth
Horses were confronted with a spatial problem-solving task in which they had to detour an obstacle. Individuals that observed a human demonstrating how to solve the task did not solve the task more often or faster compared with a control group without demonstration. However, horses of both the...
Does experience with animals improve toddlers' understanding of others' sound perception?
| Contributor(s):: Rachelle Stover
Introduction: Much research has examined what children understand about others’ visual perception. For instance, 2-year-olds can determine when an object is hidden from another’s viewpoint (Flavell, 1992). Less is known about children’s understanding of other’s auditory...
Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task
| Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot
Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...
Reconsidering coprophagy as an indicator of negative welfare for captive chimpanzees
| Contributor(s):: Hopper, Lydia M., Freeman, Hani D., Ross, Stephen R.
For captive chimpanzees, 'abnormal' behaviours include behaviours observed only in captivity (i.e. species-atypical behaviours) and those that are performed at higher rates in captivity compared to in the wild. Both types are used as metrics for evaluating captive primates' welfare....
Current perspectives on attachment and bonding in the dog–human dyad
| Contributor(s):: Payne, Elyssa, Bennett, Pauleen C., McGreevy, Paul D.
This article reviews recent research concerning dog–human relationships and how attributes that arise from them can be measured. It highlights the influence of human characteristics on dog behavior, and consequently, the dog–human bond. Of particular importance are the influences of...
Social referencing and cat–human communication
| Contributor(s):: Merola, I., Lazzaroni, M., Marshall-Pescini, S., Prato-Previde, E.
Grounded strategies that improve self-efficacy
| Contributor(s):: Looman, Mary, Trotter, Kay Sudekum
4Paws volunteer teams visit residential care facilities, hospitals, classrooms, libraries and Boys and Girls Clubs in the Greater North Bay area of San Francisco. There they share their canine companions with anyone needing comfort or a loving nudge of the nose.4Paws offers classes to the...
Explaining animal poaching among adolescent males using social learning theory
| Contributor(s):: Green, Egan Kyle
Dogs (Canis familiaris) learn their owners via observation in a manipulation task
| Contributor(s):: Kubinyi, Enik?, Topál, József, Miklósi, Ádám, Csányi, Vilmos
Verbal Attention Getting as a Key Factor in Social Learning Between Dog (Canis familiaris) and Human
| Contributor(s):: Pongrácz, Péter, Miklósi, Ádám, Timár-Geng, Katalin, Csányi, Vilmos