Social proximities of developing gorilla males (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in European zoos: The consequences of castration and social composition
Contributor(s):: Létang, Benoit, Mulot, Baptiste, Alerte, Vanessa, Bionda, Thomas, Britton, Lisa, ter Meulen, Tjerk, Szánthó, János, Guéry, Jean-Pascal, Sueur, Cédric
Human caregivers are integrated social partners for captive chimpanzees
Contributor(s):: Funkhouser, J. A., Mayhew, J. A., Mulcahy, J. B., Sheeran, L. K.
Evaluating the social structure of captive Rothschild’s giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi): Relevance to animal management and animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Lewton, Jack, Rose, Paul E.
Social network analysis (SNA) is useful for evaluating management zoo regimes to ensure that any fitness benefits of sociality are preserved in captive-housed groups. This paper explores the association patterns of 13 giraffes housed at Longleat Safari Park, UK. Wild giraffes exhibit a...
Do hens have friends?
Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, Siobhan M., Drewe, Julian A., Asher, Lucy, Wathes, Christopher M., Collins, Lisa M.
Recent interest in positive welfare has encouraged consideration of the formation of socio-positive relationships in farmed species which may provide a means by which to manage positive states. We investigated in detail the existence of dyadic preferential associations in small groups of domestic...
How can social network analysis contribute to social behavior research in applied ethology?
Contributor(s):: Makagon, Maja M., McCowan, Brenda, Mench, Joy A.
Social network analysis is increasingly used by behavioral ecologists and primatologists to describe the patterns and quality of interactions among individuals. We provide an overview of this methodology, with examples illustrating how it can be used to study social behavior in applied contexts....
'He's my mate you see': a critical discourse analysis of the therapeutic role of companion animals in the social networks of people with a diagnosis of severe mental illness
Contributor(s):: Brooks, H., Rushton, K., Lovell, K., McNaughton, R., Rogers, A.
Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers
Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.
Comprehensive analysis of affiliative and agonistic social networks in lactating dairy cattle groups
Contributor(s):: Foris, Borbala, Zebunke, Manuela, Langbein, Jan, Melzer, Nina
The social environment of dairy cattle is important for their welfare under modern housing and management conditions. Social tension can negatively affect individuals even in a well-designed and healthy environment whereas affiliative behaviour may improve their well-being. The complex social...
Social bonds in a flock bird: Species differences and seasonality in social structure in captive flamingo flocks over a 12-month period
Contributor(s):: Rose, Paul E., Croft, Darren P.
Social network analysis (SNA) is a popular tool for investigating key components of sociality in free-living populations, and is growing in its application to captive animal systems. For social species held in captivity, welfare may be improved if protocols for care take key aspects of sociality...
Important role of dominance in allogrooming behaviour in beef cattle
Contributor(s):: Šárová, Radka, Gutmann, Anke Kristina, Špinka, Marek, Stěhulová, Ilona, Winckler, Christoph
In domestic cattle, the relationship between dominance and allogrooming behaviour has been investigated in several studies. However, the results do not show a consistent pattern. The aim of this study was to investigate this relationship in a stable female beef cattle herd using social network...
Persistence of sociality in group dynamics of dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Rocha, Luis E. C., Terenius, Olle, Veissier, Isabelle, Meunier, Bruno, Nielsen, Per P.
In many species, animals live in highly structured groups. In these groups, individual differences in the number and identity of social contacts (alters) of each ego define the social network structure of the animal group. The composition of groups can be disturbed by grouping animals according...
Temporal development of agonistic interactions as well as dominance indices and centrality parameters in pigs after mixing
Contributor(s):: Büttner, Kathrin, Czycholl, Irena, Mees, Katharina, Krieter, Joachim
Previous studies showed that depending on different factors, such as age, level of familiarity or group size, the number of agonistic interactions in pigs directly after mixing can demonstrate a large variation: from groups which reveal a clear decline in agonistic interactions one day after...
Leadership linked to group composition in Highland cattle (Bos taurus): Implications for livestock management
Contributor(s):: Sueur, Cédric, Kuntz, Cédric, Debergue, Elise, Keller, Blandine, Robic, Florian, Siegwalt-Baudin, Flora, Richer, Camille, Ramos, Amandine, Pelé, Marie
Animals kept for livestock or conservation form strong cohesive groups when foraging and moving, in the same way as their wild counterparts. Collective decision-making involves making compromises by consensus to maintain group cohesion and synchronisation. This type of consensus can be observed...
Can mental health interventions change social networks? A systematic review
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Kimberly Anderson, Neelam Laxhman, Stefan Priebe
Background Social networks of patients with psychosis can provide social support, and improve health and social outcomes, including quality of life. However, patients with psychosis often live rather isolated with very limited social networks. Evidence for interventions targeting symptoms or...
The role of service dog training in the treatment of combat-related PTSD
| Contributor(s):: Yount, Rick, Cameron Ritchie, Elspeth, St. Laurent, Matthew, Chumley, Perry, Olmert, Meg Daley
In response to the critical need for adjunctive treatments for soldiers with refractory forms of mental injury — primarily posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) — the US military is developing complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) techniques, including animal-assisted...
Predicting the attachment bonds between people and their pets
| Contributor(s):: Yeagley, Christina B.
Neural mechanisms underlying human-animal interaction: An evolutionary perspective
| Contributor(s):: Carter, C. Sue, Porges, Stephen W., Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
Ontological security and connectivity provided by pets: A study in the self-management of the everyday lives of people diagnosed with a long-term mental health condition
| Contributor(s):: Brooks, Helen, Rushton, Kelly, Walker, Sandra, Lovell, Karina, Rogers, Anne
The social network structure of a dynamic group of dairy cows: from individual to group level patterns
| Contributor(s):: Boyland, Natasha K., Mlynski, David T., James, Richard, Brent, Lauren J. N., Croft, Darren P.
Social relationships have been shown to significantly impact individual and group success in wild animal populations, but are largely ignored in farm animal management. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge of how farm animals respond to their social environment, which varies greatly...
The More People I Meet, the More I like My Dog: A Study of Pet-Oriented Social Networks on the Web
| Contributor(s):: Golbeck, Jennifer