Leveraging Social Network Analysis for Characterizing Cohesion of Human-Managed Animals
| Contributor(s):: Dixon Vimalajeewa, Sasitharan Balasubramaniam, Bernadette O’Brien, Chamil Kulatunga, Donagh P. Berry
The 20 or so species of Leishmania which have been recorded as human infections are all either zoonotic, or have recent zoonotic origins. Their distribution is determined by that of their vector, their reservoir host, or both, so is dependent on precise environmental features. This...
Management of Social Behaviour of Domestic Yaks in Manang, Nepal: An Etho-Ethnographic Study
| Contributor(s):: Johnson, Théophile, Pilleboue, Emma, Herbrich, Maxime, Garine, Eric, Sueur, Cédric
Herdsmen use different techniques, as per varying geographies and cultures, to keep the cohesion within herds and avoid animals getting lost or predated. However, there is no study on the social behaviour of yaks and herdsmen management practices. Therefore, this ethology study was initiated by...
FUNDoggy: Using gamification and social network services to create a mobile fundraising application for helping shelter dogs
| Contributor(s):: Yu Ri Na
The proliferation of new media is rapidly changing the world of philanthropy and more effective methods of raising funds and developing donor relationships must be sought. Furthermore, today’s trends indicate that the amount of giving by individuals has increased gradually, but the...
Independent living with mobility restrictions: older people's perceptions of their out-of-home mobility
| Contributor(s):: Luoma-Halkola, Henna, Häikiö, Liisa
We studied older people's perceptions of how they organise their out-of-home mobility and independent living when they face mobility restrictions, based on seven focus groups with older people (N = 28) from a suburb in Finland. This article provides an everyday life view of how the ability...
Exploring the social network of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in captivity
| Contributor(s):: Brucks, Désirée, Drews, Barbara, Ulbrich, Susanne E.
The structure and temporal changes in brokerage typologies applied to a dynamic sow herd
| Contributor(s):: Jowett, Sarah, Barker, Zoe, Amory, Jonathan
Brokerage typologies represent an aspect of sociality by describing the social structure, at a group and individual level, concerning the direction and flow of behaviours or information within, and between subgroups. While animal studies have identified keystone individuals, capable of imparting...
The Spectacular Environmentalism of Cecil the Lion
| Contributor(s):: McCubbin, Sandra Gillian
When Therapy Dogs Visit College Students, Is It Therapy?
| Contributor(s):: Fleming, Colleen M.
The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore the psychological experiences of college students interacting with therapy dogs on their campus. The intervention examined is called an Animal Visitation Program (AVP). AVPs are offered on college campuses across the U.S. for...
Proximity between horses in large groups in an open stable system – Analysis of spatial and temporal proximity definitions
| Contributor(s):: Hildebrandt, Frederik, Büttner, Kathrin, Salau, Jennifer, Krieter, Joachim, Czycholl, Irena
The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable and practical definition of spatial and temporal proximities between grouped-housed horses by comparing GPS position data. In total, 43 horses held in a “HIT Active Stable®” were equipped with GPS loggers. Different...
A review of factors affecting the welfare of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
| Contributor(s):: Santurtun, E., Broom, D. M., Phillips, C. J. C.
The stability of social prominence and influence in a dynamic sow herd: A social network analysis approach
| Contributor(s):: Jowett, Sarah, Amory, Jonathan
Social network analysis has developed as a valid technique in animal behaviour; despite an increase in the number of social network research in this field, comparatively few studies have focused on commercial animals. This study investigated a dry breeding sow herd (average = 69) as a model...
Social proximities of developing gorilla males (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in European zoos: The consequences of castration and social composition
| Contributor(s):: Létang, Benoit, Mulot, Baptiste, Alerte, Vanessa, Bionda, Thomas, Britton, Lisa, ter Meulen, Tjerk, Szánthó, János, Guéry, Jean-Pascal, Sueur, Cédric
Human caregivers are integrated social partners for captive chimpanzees
| Contributor(s):: Funkhouser, J. A., Mayhew, J. A., Mulcahy, J. B., Sheeran, L. K.
Evaluating the social structure of captive Rothschild’s giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi): Relevance to animal management and animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Lewton, Jack, Rose, Paul E.
Social network analysis (SNA) is useful for evaluating management zoo regimes to ensure that any fitness benefits of sociality are preserved in captive-housed groups. This paper explores the association patterns of 13 giraffes housed at Longleat Safari Park, UK. Wild giraffes exhibit a...
Do hens have friends?
| Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, Siobhan M., Drewe, Julian A., Asher, Lucy, Wathes, Christopher M., Collins, Lisa M.
Recent interest in positive welfare has encouraged consideration of the formation of socio-positive relationships in farmed species which may provide a means by which to manage positive states. We investigated in detail the existence of dyadic preferential associations in small groups of domestic...
How can social network analysis contribute to social behavior research in applied ethology?
| Contributor(s):: Makagon, Maja M., McCowan, Brenda, Mench, Joy A.
Social network analysis is increasingly used by behavioral ecologists and primatologists to describe the patterns and quality of interactions among individuals. We provide an overview of this methodology, with examples illustrating how it can be used to study social behavior in applied contexts....
'He's my mate you see': a critical discourse analysis of the therapeutic role of companion animals in the social networks of people with a diagnosis of severe mental illness
| Contributor(s):: Brooks, H., Rushton, K., Lovell, K., McNaughton, R., Rogers, A.
Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers
| Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.
Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive...
Comprehensive analysis of affiliative and agonistic social networks in lactating dairy cattle groups
| Contributor(s):: Foris, Borbala, Zebunke, Manuela, Langbein, Jan, Melzer, Nina
The social environment of dairy cattle is important for their welfare under modern housing and management conditions. Social tension can negatively affect individuals even in a well-designed and healthy environment whereas affiliative behaviour may improve their well-being. The complex social...
Social bonds in a flock bird: Species differences and seasonality in social structure in captive flamingo flocks over a 12-month period
| Contributor(s):: Rose, Paul E., Croft, Darren P.
Social network analysis (SNA) is a popular tool for investigating key components of sociality in free-living populations, and is growing in its application to captive animal systems. For social species held in captivity, welfare may be improved if protocols for care take key aspects of sociality...