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  1. Attitudes Toward Spay/Neuter in the US Population: Urban/Rural, Cat/Dog, and Demographic Differences

    Contributor(s):: Glasser, Carol L.

  2. The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan

    Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....

  3. A Case of Letting the Cat out of The Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver, Patricia A. Fleming

    Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs, in which stray cats are captured, neutered and returned to the environment are advocated as a humane, ethical alternative to euthanasia. We review the TNR literature in light of current debate over whether or not there should be further TNR trials in...

  4. Attitudes and Practices of Australian Veterinary Professionals and Students towards Early Age Desexing of Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver

    Surgical desexing of cats is typically carried out after six months of age (Mature Age Desexing, MAD); between 4–6 months (Traditional Age Desexing, TAD); or before four months (Early Age Desexing, EAD). We complemented existing surveys of veterinarians’ acceptance of EAD with...

  5. The effect of castration on home range size and activity patterns of domestic cats living in a natural area in a protected area on a Brazilian island

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Giovanne Ambrosio, Machado, Juliana Clemente, Nakano-Oliveira, Eduardo, Andriolo, Artur, Genaro, Gelson

    The presence of domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) in natural areas can generate several environmental problems, such as competition with other species, disease transmission, and predation. Male cats generally tend to be more territorial than female cats. Male cats also tend to have larger...

  6. Welfare Impacts of Spay/Neuter-Focused Outreach on Companion Animals in New York City Public Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Dolan, Emily D., Weiss, Emily, Slater, Margaret R.

    Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on...

  7. Race and ethnicity are not primary determinants in utilizing veterinary services in underserved communities in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Sparks, Jessica L. Decker, Camacho, Bridget, Tedeschi, Philip, Morris, Kevin N.

    A retrospective database analysis (2011–2015) evaluated associations between race and ethnicity and veterinary service utilization by sampling 83,260 companion animals whose guardians (owners) self-identified as White, Black, or Latino/a from 39 Humane Society of the United States Pets for Life...

  8. Modeling Interventions in the Owned Cat Population to Decrease Numbers, Knox County, TN

    | Contributor(s):: Lancaster, Evan P., Lenhart, Suzanne, Ojogbo, Ejebagom J., Rekant, Steven I., Scott, Janelle R., Weimer, Heidi, Jr, John C. New

    To find management strategies for controlling the owned cat population in Knox County, TN, the authors formulated a mathematical model using biological properties of such nonhuman animals and spay actions on certain age classes. They constructed this discrete-time model to predict the future...

  9. Protectors, Aggressors, and Kinfolk: Dogs in a Tribal Community

    | Contributor(s):: Jervis, Lori L., Warren, Diane, Salois, Emily Matt, Ketchum, Scott, Tallbull, Gloria, Spicer, Paul

    Free-roaming dogs are a common phenomenon on many American Indian reservations as well as globally. Lack of canine restriction may be pathologized by outsiders, assumed to be a “problem” that reflects underlying individual or community dysfunction. Seldom investigated are the cultural logics...

  10. Incidence of Health and Behavior Problems in Service Dog Candidates Neutered at Various Ages

    | Contributor(s):: Zlotnick, M., Corrigan, V., Griffin, E., Alayon, M., Hungerford, L.

  11. Throwing the Baby Out With the Bath Water: Could Widespread Neutering of Companion Dogs Cause Problems at a Population Level?

    | Contributor(s):: Dawson, J. K., Howell, T. J., Ruby, M. B., Bennett, P. C.

  12. Aggression toward Familiar People, Strangers, and Conspecifics in Gonadectomized and Intact Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parvene Farhoody, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Patrick M. Tarwater, James A. Serpell, Deborah L. Duffy, Chris Zink

    Gonadectomy is widely used to treat and prevent behavior problems including the aggressive behavior of dogs. The aim of this study was to determine whether aggressive behavior toward familiar people, strangers, or other dogs was significantly different in dogs gonadectomized at various ages vs....

  13. Behavioural risks in male dogs with minimal lifetime exposure to gonadal hormones may complicate population-control benefits of desexing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul D McGreevy, Bethany Wilson, Melissa J Starling, James A Serpell

    Castration of dogs is a widespread practise with clear justification in population control and knock-on benefits for animal welfare. Deleterious behavioural consequences of castration are believed to be negligible. Gonadectomy is widely recommended as part of a multi-factorial approach to...

  14. Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming

    Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...

  15. Feeders of Free-Roaming Cats: Personal Characteristics, Feeding Practices, and Data on Cat Health and Welfare in an Urban Setting of Israel

    | Contributor(s):: Idit Gunther, Tal Raz, Yehonatan Even Zor, Yuval Bachowski, Eyal Klement

    Cat feeders serve as an important source of available food for free-roaming cats (FRCs) and can play a central role in providing data on FRC distribution, welfare, and health. Data on cat feeder personalities as well as a better understanding of their feeding practices offer relevance for...

  16. The development of an on-site spay/neuter facility at a county animal shelter to reduce pet overpopulation as a means of rabies prevention

    | Contributor(s):: G. Robert Weedon

    The goal of this paper is to address the issue of pet overpopulation as a means of preventing rabies in a community, and to describe the process of developing an onsite spay/neuter facility at a county animal shelter to reduce pet overpopulation. Additionally, it is hoped that this project will...

  17. Unowned Cat Management in the State of Ohio: Elements of Best Practice in Public-Private Collaborative Efforts

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar

    A contentious debate over the management of free-roaming cat populations is ongoing. Nevertheless, disparate groups of stakeholders share a common goal of fewer community cats. Unowned cat management typically necessitates a choice between utilization of lethal or non-lethal measures. Research...

  18. Trap-Neuter-Return Activities in Urban Stray Cat Colonies in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Kuan Tan, Jacquie Rand, John Morton

    Trap, neuter and return (TNR) describes a non-lethal approach to the control of urban stray cat populations. Currently, in Australia, lethal control is common, with over 85% of cats entering some municipal pounds euthanized. No research has been published describing TNR activities in Australia....

  19. The "tail" of ARF

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Barrick

    The Animal Rescue Fund (ARF) is a no kill, nonprofit animal shelter in the Muncie Community. Having worked previously with ARF through the Virginia B. Ball Center for Creative Inquiry, I decided to help the organization further by fulfilling its need for an informative and promotional video to be...

  20. Merida: Corazones luchando para que otros sigan latiendo: Ana Duarte Ancona at TEDxUPP

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Duarte Ancona

    Outrun abuse, cruelty and indifference and awareness for the culture of adoption of animals in the street.Owner and manager GrafixPRO RDStudio . Founder of Project Healing Patitas , launched in November 2014, whose main objective is the rescue , rehabilitation , sterilization and adoption of dogs...