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  1. Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part III: refinement of procedures

    Contributor(s):: Rennie, A. E., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

  2. Canine anxieties and phobias: an update on separation anxiety and noise aversions. (Practical applications and new perspectives in veterinary behavior.)

    Contributor(s):: Sherman, B. L., Mills, D. S.

    Companion dogs commonly experience states of anxiety, fears, and phobias. Separation anxiety and noise aversions, as discussed in this article, are especially prevalent. Veterinarians are encouraged to recognize and treat such conditions on first presentation to address welfare issues and...

  3. Behavioural analysis of a nociceptive event in fish: comparisons between three species demonstrate specific responses

    Contributor(s):: Reilly, S. C., Quinn, J. P., Cossins, A. R., Sneddon, L. U.

    Nociception is the sensory mechanism by which potentially harmful stimuli are detected in animals and humans. The behavioural responses to noxious stimulation have been studied in two fish species thus far. However, since species-specific differences are seen in mammals, more species need to be...

  4. Feeding enrichment in an opportunistic carnivore: the red fox

    Contributor(s):: Kistler, C., Hegglin, D., Wurbel, H., Konig, B.

    In captive carnivores, species-specific behaviour is often restricted by inadequate feeding regimens. Feeding live prey is not feasible in most places and food delivery is often highly predictable in space and time which is considerably different from the situation in the wild. As a result,...

  5. The effect of feeding enrichment toys on the behaviour of kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Schipper, L. L., Vinke, C. M., Schilder, M. B. H., Spruijt, B. M.

    In general, an animal's inability to perform specific behaviours (for example, due to a lack of suitable stimuli or physical restraint) is often viewed as a cause of reduced welfare of animals kept in captivity. There is increasing evidence that the opportunity to display more species-specific...

  6. A review of environmental enrichment for pigs housed in intensive housing systems

    Contributor(s):: de Weerd, H. A. van, Day, J. E. L.

    This paper critically reviews the literature concerning environmental enrichment for weaner, grower and finisher pigs housed in intensive (indoor) production systems. The thesis of our review is that successful enrichment should meet four criteria of success: (1) it should increase...

  7. The effect of randomly altering the time and location of feeding on the behaviour of captive coyotes ( Canis latrans )

    Contributor(s):: Gilbert-Norton, L. B., Leaver, L. A., Shivik, J. A.

    Captive carnivores appear highly susceptible to the negative effects of predictable feeding routines. Current research and reviews suggest feeding unpredictably may increase species typical behaviour, but positive results have been limited to a few species. Our objectives were to determine...

  8. A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.

    Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...

  9. The effect of group size on the behaviour and welfare of four fish species commonly kept in home aquaria

    Contributor(s):: Saxby, A., Adams, L., Snellgrove, D., Wilson, R. W., Sloman, K. A.

    Previous research into fish welfare has focussed particularly on commercially important aquaculture species. However, with over 350 million fishes traded annually within the ornamental fish industry, surprisingly little consideration has been given to the welfare of fish kept in home aquaria....

  10. Blue foxes' motivation to gain access to solid floors and the effect of the floor material on their behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Mononen, J.

    Farmed blue foxes are willing to work to gain access to a sand floor from a wire mesh floor. It is not clear whether the foxes work for the sand floor because of its solidity or because it enables them to perform certain behaviours, e.g. exploration and digging. Here, we measured blue foxes'...

  11. The effect of enclosure type on the behavior and heart rate of captive coyotes

    | Contributor(s):: Brummer, S. P., Gese, E. M., Shivik, J. A.

    The potential for captivity to elicit changes in animal behavior and physiology is well known. Recent research on captive populations has examined the effect of feeding protocols, enclosure types, and enrichment programs on indices of stress and displays of species-typical behaviors. We...

  12. Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.

    By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...

  13. How animals communicate quality of life: the qualitative assessment of behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Wemelsfelder, F.

    The notion 'quality of life' (QoL) suggests that welfare in animals encompasses more than just an absence of suffering; it concerns the quality of an animal's entire relationship with its environment, of how it lives its life. Judgements of such quality are based on the integration of perceived...