Torture and the Corrida
| Contributor(s):: Andrew Brei
In recent years the debate over the moral status of bullfighting has been focused on whether or not it should be characterized as a form of torture. Francis Wolff has argued that it should not be, and Gabriel Andrade has claimed that it should be. But in my view neither author adequately...
Evaluation of several pre-clinical tools for identifying characteristics associated with limb bone fracture in thoroughbred racehorses
| Contributor(s):: Anthony Nicholas Corsten
Catastrophic skeletal fractures in racehorses are devastating not only to the animals, owners and trainers, but also to the perception of the sport in the public eye. The majority of these fatal accidents are unlikely to be due to chance, but are rather an end result failure from stress...
Dog and cat as a mirror of the human soul? Qualitative evaluation of a pre-post interventionHund und Katze als Spiegel der menschlichen Seele? - Eine Prei-Post-Lnterventionsstudie mit qualitativer Evaluation
| Contributor(s):: Hopf, J., Edelhauser, F., Neumann, M.
Horse racing as an ancient Greek and Roman leisure pastime
| Contributor(s):: Perold, I., Young, M.
Conflict Between Direct Experience and Research-Based Evidence Is a Key Challenge to Evidence-Based Respiratory Medicine on British Racing Yards
| Contributor(s):: Tierney Kinnison, Jacqueline M. Cardwell
Inflammatory airway disease (IAD) is a commonly diagnosed but variably defined syndrome of equine lower airway inflammation. The most recent American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) consensus statement, informed by research evidence, recommends a case definition based on...
Whole-Genome Signatures of Selection in Sport Horses Revealed Selection Footprints Related to Musculoskeletal System Development Processes
| Contributor(s):: Siavash Salek Ardestani, Mehdi Aminafshar, Mohammad Bagher Zandi Baghche Maryam, Mohammad Hossein Banabazi, Mehdi Sargolzaei, Younes Miar
Selective breeding has led to gradual changes at the genome level of horses. Deciphering selective pressure patterns is progressive to understand how breeding strategies have shaped the sport horse genome; although, little is known about the genomic regions under selective pressures in sport...
Performance characteristics of adult one dog canicross runners
| Contributor(s):: Ashlyn Marie Jendro
Canicross is competitive team sport in which a human athlete is towed via a canine athlete on an elastic gangline. Although drastically understudied, it is likely that canicross performance comes down to differences in human aspects, canine aspects and the interaction between human and canine....
Increased Rider Weight Did Not Induce Changes in Behavior and Physiological Parameters in Horses
| Contributor(s):: JanneWinther Christensen, Suzie Bathellier, Marie Rhodin, Rupert Palme, Mette Uldahl
Recent studies have reported significant alterations in horse physiological and gait parameters when exposed to increased rider weight during moderate to high intensity exercise. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of increased rider weight (+15% and +25% of the regular rider’s...
Internet Survey of Participant Demographics and Risk Factors for Injury in Flyball Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Christina Montalbano, Lauri-Jo Gamble, Katherine Walden, Jennifer Rouse, Sabine Mann, Danny Sack, Lauren G. Wakshlag, Justin W. Shmalberg, Joseph J. Wakshlag
Background: Injury risk in canine sprinting sports, such as greyhound racing and agility, have been previously documented through various surveys. Flyball, another sprinting canine sport with similar athletic requirements to agility, has yet to be assessed for factors associated with...
Computed Tomographic Measures of Funnel-Shaped Lumbar Vertebral Canal and Articular Process Dysplasia Malformations Differ Between German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois Military Working Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Constance J. Dragicevich, Jeryl C. Jones, William Bridges, Heather Dunn
Researchers who study the selection and breeding program criteria for military working dogs aim to help maximize the years of active duty service. Computed tomographic (CT) quantitative phenotyping has been previously described as a method for supporting these research studies. Funnel-shaped...
Historical development of horse breeds
| Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.
This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...
An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions
| Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.
Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...
Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions
| Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung
Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...
Community attitudes reflect reporting rates and prevalence of animal mistreatment
| Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Ford, J., Cook, R., Coleman, G. J.
Community attitudes toward the treatment of animals are important to understand for the development of intervention programs to prevent mistreatment. We aimed to investigate whether previously identified differences between local government areas (LGAs) in the rates of animal mistreatment...
The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review
| Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.
Human Preferences for Conformation Attributes and Head-And-Neck Positions in Horses
| Contributor(s):: Georgina L. Caspar, Navneet K. Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy
Human preferences for certain morphological attributes among domestic animals may be entirely individual or, more generally, may reflect evolutionary pressures that favor certain conformation. Artificial selection for attributes, such as short heads and crested necks of horses, may have...
Injury History in the Collegiate Equestrian Athlete: Part II: Head, Upper and Lower Extremities
| Contributor(s):: Michael L. Pilato, Timothy Henry, Drussila Malavase
Purpose: Equestrian sports are known to have a high risk and rate of injury. While there is injury data available on acute injuries in the equestrian population, it is of a general nature. Within that data appears to be a lack of information on the collegiate equestrian athlete. Thus, the...
The Effect of Tree Width on Thoracolumbar and Limb Kinematics, Saddle Pressure Distribution, and Thoracolumbar Dimensions in Sports Horses in Trot and Canter
| Contributor(s):: Russell MacKechnie-Guire, Erik MacKechnie-Guire, Vanessa Fairfax, Diana Fisher, Mark Fisher, Thilo Pfau
This study evaluated the effect of saddle tree width on thoracolumbar and limb kinematics, saddle pressure distribution, and thoracolumbar epaxial musculature dimensions. Correctly fitted saddles were fitted by a Society of Master Saddler Qualified Saddle Fitter in fourteen sports horses (mean...
Editorial: Veterinary Sports Medicine and Physical Rehabilitation
| Contributor(s):: David Levine, Henry Steven Adair, Denis J. Marcellin-Little, Michael Jaffe, Andris J. Kaneps
Equestrian activities in Romania: the vaulting discipline
| Contributor(s):: Bochis, F.