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  1. AVMA animal welfare forum: equine welfare, 8 December 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    Ten papers submitted by speakers at the 1999 AVMA Animal Welfare Forum, presented in partnership with the American Association of Equine Practitioners, have been published in this issue of JAVMA. The papers are entitled: The revolution in horsemanship; Equine welfare and emerging social ethics;...

  2. Who speaks for the horse - the sport of endurance riding and equine welfare

    Contributor(s):: Frazier, D. L.

  3. Study of therapeutic riding horses: a review

    Contributor(s):: Nicosia, D. M. S. li D., Bacci, M. L.

    The present work investigated some aspects related with the horse's involvement animal-assisted therapies and activities (AAT/AAA). These evidences seem to be related with the role of the veterinary practitioner in the therapeutic riding team. Therapeutic riding, in agreement with the most recent...

  4. Synchronization of the centres of gravity of the rider and his horse: comparison between the rider and valid paraplegic rider

    Contributor(s):: Biau, S., Leluardiere, F. A. de, Decatoire, A., Touzet, A.

    This article discusses the interaction between the rider and his horse, and the principles of the centre of gravity in normal horse rider and paraplegic horse rider.

  5. Group housing exerts a positive effect on the behaviour of young horses during training

    Contributor(s):: Sondergaard, E., Ladewig, J.

    In an experiment on the effects of social environment and training on the human-animal relationship, 20 horses were handled according to a defined schedule. Eight horses were housed singly and 12 horses were housed in four groups of 3 horses. Horses were handled three times per week in 10 min...

  6. Rein contact between horse and handler during specific equitation movements

    | Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., Curtis, R. A., Greetham, L., McGreevy, P. D.

    To explore the range of tensions used in reins to elicit specific movements from a range of horses, 22 horses of mixed age, sex, breed and training history were long-reined and ridden through a standard course. The reins contained embedded load cells so that tensions used to elicit specific...

  7. The efficacy of a secondary reinforcer (clicker) during acquisition and extinction of an operant task in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, J. L., Friend, T. H., Nevill, C. H., Archer, G.

    "Clicker training" is a popularly promoted training method based on operant conditioning with the use of a secondary reinforcer (the clicker). While this method draws from theories of learning and is used widely, there has been little scientific investigation of its efficacy. We used 60 horses,...

  8. A note on the effect of a palatable food reward on operant conditioning in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Mitsumasu, T., Aoyama, M., Kusunose, R.

    We investigated the effect of two food types (hay or pellet) on operant conditioning of 12 horses. One group was trained using pelleted concentrate (Group P) and the second (Group H) was trained using cut timothy hay as rewards. We investigated the effect of the food type on the time needed to...

  9. Accompanying pre-weaned Thoroughbred ( Equus caballus ) foals while separated from the mare during covering reduces behavioural signs of distress exhibited

    | Contributor(s):: McGee, S., Smith, H. V.

    Some Thoroughbred stallion farms separate the mare from the foal during breeding, leaving the foal alone in its stall. Such separation often leads to distress in the foal, as evidenced by behavioural indicators such as vocalisations, pacing or moving about, pawing and striking the body against...

  10. Assessment of equine temperament questionnaire by comparing factor structure between two separate surveys

    | Contributor(s):: Momozawa, Y., Kusunose, R., Kikusui, T., Takeuchi, Y., Mori, Y.

    To establish a method for assessing equine temperament by use of a questionnaire, we carried out two surveys. The subject animals were all thoroughbreds maintained at the same farm. Respondents were the primary caretaker and two colleagues working with each horse. Factor analysis was performed on...

  11. Differences in motor laterality between breeds of performance horse

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Thomson, P. C.

    This study examined the relationship between motor laterality in horses bred for different types of work and therefore different temperaments. Foreleg preference during grazing was measured in three populations of domestic horse, Thoroughbreds (TB, bred to race at the gallop), Standardbreds (SB,...

  12. Evaluation of a novel method of horse personality assessment: rater-agreement and links to behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Lloyd, A. S., Martin, J. E., Bornett-Gauci, H. L. I., Wilkinson, R. G.

    The efficacy of questionnaire-based personality assessment has been shown in a variety of animal and human personality studies. There has been a recent increase in questionnaire-based studies focussing on equine personality but with a lack of comparability to studies on other species. The aim of...

  13. Idiosyncratic motor laterality in the horse

    | Contributor(s):: Murphy, J., Sutherland, A., Arkins, S.

    Idiosyncratic motor behaviour was investigated during four experimental procedures in 40 horses (males=20, females=20) to establish if horses revealed evidence of significant right or left laterality. The experimental procedures included (1) detection of the preferred foreleg to initiate movement...

  14. Possible influence of neighbours on stereotypic behaviour in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Nagy, K., Schrott, A., Kabai, P.

    Revealing risk factors of abnormal stereotypic behaviour (ASB) in horses can help in the design of protective measures. Previous epidemiological studies indicate that social isolation, housing, management conditions, and feeding regime have a strong effect on developing ASB. The common belief...

  15. Social hierarchy in exercised and untrained group-housed horses - a brief report

    | Contributor(s):: Lehmann, K., Kallweit, E., Ellendorff, F.

    Changes in social hierarchy were evaluated in a herd of 3-year-old Hanoverian geldings. One group (n=5) was exposed to a training programme, the other (n=5) remained untrained. After 6 months, the groups were reversed. Hierarchical positions were evaluated by field observations and/or...

  16. A note on behaviour and heart rate in horses differing in facial hair whorl

    | Contributor(s):: Gorecka, A., Golonka, M., Chruszczewski, M., Jezierski, T.

    The relationship between facial hair whorl position and reactivity, as assessed by behavioural measures (handling score=HS; startle reaction to a suddenly appearing novel object=SR; latency to touch a novel object=LNO) and heart rate measures (mean HR; increase in heart rate=IHR) were studied...

  17. A note on behaviour of stabled horses with foraging devices in mangers and buckets

    | Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Davidson, H. P. B., Harris, P.

    Processed feed for stabled horses is usually presented in buckets or mangers, and is easily and rapidly consumed. Foraging devices based on the Edinburgh foodball can be used to provide part of the ration. Current designs are all placed on the floor, raising concerns regarding ingestion of...

  18. A note on resting behaviour in horses kept on pasture: rolling prior to getting up

    | Contributor(s):: Hansen, M. N., Estvan, J., Ladewig, J.

    In previous studies on lying behaviour in horses kept in individual boxes we observed that most horses that had been lying down resting sometimes made a rolling behaviour prior to getting up. The rolling behaviour was seen in approximately 30% of the times the horses stood up. To analyse whether...

  19. A review of the human-horse relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Hausberger, M., Roche, H., Henry, S., Visser, E. K.

    Despite a long history of human-horse relationship, horse-related incidents and accidents do occur amongst professional and non professional horse handlers. Recent studies show that their occurrence depend more on the frequency and amount of interactions with horses than on the level of...

  20. An investigation into the effect of floor colour on the behaviour of the horse

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C. A., Cassaday, H. J.

    Adverse reactions of the domestic horse to environmental stimuli can be problematic in training and management. Hesitation and alarm reactions to visual features of the ground can occur in both ridden work and when handling horses. To assess the effect of one visual feature (colour) on the...