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  1. Expanding on current methods employed for investigating pet food stability

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Jayne Learey

    The Australian petfood sector continues to grow due to the 'humanisation' of pets. Ingredients added to petfood have the potential to degrade to harmful products making detection important. In this research various analytical methods were adapted to improve detection of products found...

  2. Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance

    | Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Philippon, P., Herve, L., Vidament, M.

    This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...

  3. The health benefits and risks of pet ownership

  4. Influence of egg oiling on colony presence of ring-billed gulls

    | Contributor(s):: DeVault, Travis L., Schmidt, Paige M., Pogmore, Fred E., Gobeille, John, Belant, Jerrold L., Seamans, Thomas W.

  5. Maximum permissible load for Yonaguni ponies (Japanese landrace horses) trotting over a short, straight course

    | Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Mano, H., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.

    This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Yonaguni ponies using gait analysis. The Yonaguni pony is one of the Japanese landrace horses, and has normal gait characteristics when trotting. As a breed they are small in stature and hence susceptible to the effect of the...

  6. Long-term effects of hippotherapy on one child with cerebral palsy: a research case study

    | Contributor(s):: Shurtleff, T., Engsberg, J.

  7. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    | Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  8. Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.

    Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...

  9. Influences of various factors on cows' entrance order into the milking parlour

    | Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Kaart, T., Mootse, H., Rosa, G. de, Arney, D.

    This study investigates the stability of the milking order of cows entering into the milking parlour of a commercial dairy herd, and changes to this order consequent to a change in health status and a change in the membership of the group of cows being milked. In large herds it is difficult for...

  10. Applied personality assessment in domestic dogs: limitations and caveats

    | Contributor(s):: Rayment, D. J., Groef, B. de, Peters, R. A., Marston, L. C.

    Modern behavioural tests for domestic dogs are commonly employed across a variety of fields, including the assessment of companion, assistance, working and sporting dogs. While there is increasing scientific attention on the development and evaluation of behavioural tests used to assess...

  11. Approach behaviour of shelter dogs and its relationships with the attitudes of shelter staff to dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Arhant, C., Troxler, J.

    The behaviour of animals towards humans is widely used to assess human-animal relationship and welfare in livestock. The aim of this study was to develop an approach test for dogs that is feasible in a surveillance setting, shows stability over a given time period and has good...

  12. Systematic investigation of the stability of food preferences in captive orangutans: implications for positive reinforcement training

    | Contributor(s):: Clay, A. W., Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.

    Using preference-assessment tests with humans in conjunction with behavioral modification sessions has been a regular component of almost all operant conditioning programs with mentally challenged humans. This has been very effective in improving the efficiency of behavioral training in these...

  13. Group suckling cohesion as a prelude to the formation of teat order in piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Skorjanc, D.

    During the lactation period, piglets experience intense social interactions with their littermates until they establish a reliable teat order on the mother's udder. Here, we examined group suckling cohesion in piglet littermates, an order mechanism that refer to the maintenance of significantly...

  14. Behavioural mechanisms of intake rate by heifers grazing swards of contrasting structures

    | Contributor(s):: Mezzalira, J. C., Carvalho, P. C. de F., Fonseca, L., Bremm, C., Cangiano, C., Gonda, H. L., Laca, E. A.

    The relationship between herbage intake by herbivores and herbage available depends on the interaction between sward structure and animal behaviour. This relationship is a crucial component determining the stability, function and productivity of grazing systems. The present study aims at...

  15. Personality assessment in African elephants ( Loxodonta africana): comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating

    | Contributor(s):: Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J., Kuczaj, S. A., II

    The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480 h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined...

  16. The effect of physiotherapy intervention to the pelvic region of experienced riders on seated postural stability and the symmetry of pressure distribution to the saddle: a preliminary study

    | Contributor(s):: Nevison, C. M., Timmis, M. A.

    It is commonplace for trainers and judges to comment that riders are "crooked" or "collapsed in the hip." This asymmetrical posture will likely have a significant effect on stability/balance and may subsequently have a detrimental effect on performance. Although the effects of asymmetry on...

  17. The welfare ethics of the commercial killing of free-ranging kangaroos: an evaluation of the benefits and costs of the industry

    | Contributor(s):: Ben-Ami, D., Boom, K., Boronyak, L., Townend, C., Ramp, D., Croft, D. B., Bekoff, M.

    The commercial killing of kangaroos provides multiple benefits to society, but also causes both deliberate and unintended harms to kangaroos. The ethics of the kangaroo industry is assessed in terms of whether the assumed benefits justify the welfare costs. An analysis of the stated benefits...

  18. Formation of teat order and estimation of piglets' distribution along the mammary complex using mid-domain effect (MDE) model

    | Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Skorjanc, D.

  19. The role of coat color and ear shape on the perception of personality in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Fratkin, J. L., Baker, S. C.

  20. Pferde und Dissoziation. Stabilisierungsarbeit mit traumatisierten Menschen im Rahmen pferdegest├╝tzter Therapie [Horses and dissociation. Stabilization work with traumatized people in horse assisted therapy]

    | Contributor(s):: Josten, Katharina, Volmer, Jan