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  1. The effect of pen design on free space utilization of sows group housed in gestation pens equipped with free access stalls

    Contributor(s):: Rioja-Lang, Fiona C., Hayne, Stephanie M., Gonyou, Harold W.

    This study investigated the implementation of walk-in/lock-in stalls (free access stalls) for group housed sows. The objectives were to compare two different pen configurations (‘I-pen’ vs. ‘T-pen’) by determining the proportion and type (size/parity) of sows that used the free space areas, and...

  2. Comparative well-being of horses kept under total or partial confinement prior to employment for mounted patrols

    Contributor(s):: Pessoa, Gabriela O., Trigo, Pablo, Mesquita Neto, Francisco D., Lacreta Junior, Antônio C. C., Sousa, Ticiana M., Muniz, Joel A., Moura, Raquel S.

    Horses kept in stables may exhibit undesirable behaviours and stress during police service. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of confinement, i.e., time in stalls, on horse behaviour and welfare employed by mounted patrols in urban areas. Eight adult horses were subjected...

  3. Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.

    Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....

  4. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  5. Don't fence me in: managing psychological well being for elite performance horses

    Contributor(s):: Henderson, A. J. Z.

    This article posits that stereotypical behavior patterns and the overall psychological well being of today's performance horse could be substantially enhanced with care that acknowledges the relationship between domesticated horses and their forerunners. Feral horses typically roam in stable,...

  6. If you knew what was good for you! The value of environmental enrichments with known welfare benefits is not demonstrated by sows using operant techniques

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Kirkden, R. D., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    This study assessed the motivation of gestating sows housed in standard, barren gestation stalls (used for breeding/implantation and/or gestation) for access to environmental enrichment. Enrichment consisted of a cotton rope or rubber mat in comparison to positive (additional food when fed at...

  7. Assessing the human-animal relationship in dairy cows kept in different housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Popescu, S., Borda, C., Diugan, E. A., Popdan, R.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) represents an important feature of adequate cattle breeding, both for improving the animals' welfare and to facilitate the farm activities. The aim of this study was the comparative assessment of the HAR's quality in dairy farms with tie stalls and loose...

  8. Effect of gestation management system on gilt and piglet performance

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manzanilla, E. G., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    Individual gestation housing of pregnant sows in stalls from four weeks after mating is banned in the EU. Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of two gestation management and housing systems (STALL: gilts housed in stalls and PEN: gilts loose-housed in pens with increased feed...

  9. Management, health, and abnormal behaviors of horses: a survey in small equestrian centers in Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Leme, D. P., Parsekian, A. B. H., Kanaan, V., Hotzel, M. J.

    Care conditions of horses housed in small equestrian establishments and the occurrence of health and behavioral problems were assessed in 197 animals. Based on questionnaires and direct observations of the animals, it was noted that 8% of all animals were fed exclusively on pasture, whereas 92%...

  10. Motivation for group housing in gestating sows

    Contributor(s):: Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.

  11. Science, pigs, and politics: a New Zealand perspective on the phase-out of sow stalls

    Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A., Morris, M. C.

    In 2001, the Australian Journal of Agricultural Research published a review article on the science associated with the use of the sow stall, and claimed that "no scientific evidence to support the recommendation in the Code of Practice advising against housing of sows in stalls followed by...

  12. Allogrooming in cattle: relationships between social preferences, feeding displacements and social dominance

    Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, D., Guesdon, V., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    The aim of this study was to describe the allogrooming behaviour of group-housed lactating cows (Bos taurus) as it relates to social dominance, friendship, parity and level of feeding competition. We measured the socio-negative (displacements at the feeder and in the lying stalls) and...

  13. Comparison of methods to assess fear of humans in sows

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Laws, D. M., Courboulay, V., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Edwards, S. A.

    The aims of this study were to compare three different methods to assess fear of humans in sows, and identify the most practical and reliable method for on-farm welfare assessment. Fifty-five crossbred sows (Landrace x Large White x Duroc) of different parities and stages of pregnancy were each...

  14. Laterality of lying behaviour in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Cox, N. R., Weary, D. M., Spinka, M.

    Dairy cattle spend, on average, between 8 and 15 h/d lying down. Our objective was to describe the laterality of lying behaviour and assess several internal and external factors that may affect laterality. Internal factors included time spent and time since eating or lying before choosing to lie...

  15. 'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  16. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health, comfort and...

  17. Adaptation to tethering in yearling dairy heifers assessed by the use of lying down behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.

    48 dairy heifers in 4 trials were brought in from pasture and housed individually in straw-bedded pens prior to the experiment. During the experimental period of 24 days, heifers were tethered in stalls with concrete floors for all 24, last 10 or last 3 days, or stayed in the pens for the whole...

  18. Assessing cow comfort: effects of two floor types and two tie stall designs on the behaviour of lactating dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Haley, D. B., Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    Our objective was to test the effects of 2 types of stall flooring and 2 tie stall designs on the behaviour of dairy cows. Using 2 cross-over designs, 16 lactating Holstein cows were housed for 3-week periods in each of 4 tie stalls to compare the effects of concrete versus mattress flooring, and...

  19. Effect of different free stall surfaces on behavioural, productive and metabolic parameters in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Calamari, L., Calegari, F., Stefanini, L.

    Two experiments were carried out on 56 lactating dairy cows in an experimental free stall barn comparing four different lying surfaces: straw bedded pack (ST), rubber mat (RM), mattress (MA) and sand (SA). In the first experiment (26 days) cows were allowed to choose between free stalls with each...

  20. Effect of stocking density on the short-term behavioural responses of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Hill, C. T., Krawczel, P. D., Dann, H. M., Ballard, C. S., Hovey, R. C., Falls, W. A., Grant, R. J.

    The objective of this research was to measure the effects of increased stocking density of stalls and headlocks on the short-term behavioural responses of lactating Holstein cows. Multiparous (n=92) and primiparous (n=44) cows were assigned to four pens of 34 cows each and stocking densities...