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Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Understanding shelter medicine
Contributor(s):: Tânia Isabel Gomes Frazão Pina Santos
Shelter medicine is a small animal herd health discipline that is becoming an emerging area of specialization. This discipline rose from difficulties that shelter veterinarians face every day in local community shelters or supporting associations that protect the interests of animal well-being....
Moving beyond the "Five Freedoms" by Updating the "Five Provisions" and Introducing Aligned "Animal Welfare Aims"
Contributor(s):: David J. Mellor
Although the Five Freedoms paradigm has been very influential in shaping animal welfare thinking for the last two decades, it has two key disadvantages. First, the focus on “freedom” from a range of negative experiences and states has been misunderstood in a number of quarters to mean...
Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs
Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.
This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...
The welfare of bears in zoos: a case study of Poland
Contributor(s):: Maslak, R., Sergiel, A., Bowles, D., Pasko, L.
The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...
Citizens, consumers and animals: what role do experts assign to public values in establishing animal welfare standards?
Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Johnson, J.
The public can influence animal welfare law and regulation. However what constitutes 'the public' is not a straightforward matter. A variety of different publics have an interest in animal use and this has implications for the governance of animal welfare. This article presents an ethnographic...
Factors affecting the human attribution of emotions toward animals
Contributor(s):: Wilkins, A. M., McCrae, L. S., McBride, E. A.
Attribution of emotions to animals can affect human-animal interactions and dictate animal welfare laws. However, little is known about the factors that influence these attributions. We investigated the effect of belief in animal mind, pet ownership, emotional intelligence, eating orientation,...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport
Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.
Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...
Certification standards for aquaculture products: bringing together the values of producers and consumers in globalised organic food markets
Contributor(s):: Bergleiter, S., Meisch, S.
From a certifier's perspective (Naturland e.V.), this paper deals with the question of how to bring together the values of producers and consumers in globalized food markets. It is argued that growth and mainstreaming of organic food production cannot be achieved solely by ethically aware...
Retracting inconclusive research: lessons from the Seralini GM maize feeding study
Contributor(s):: Resnik, D. B.
In September 2012, Gilles-Eric Seralini and seven coauthors published an article in Food and Chemical Toxicology claiming that rats fed Roundup-resistant genetically modified maize alone, genetically modified maize with Roundup, or Roundup for 2 years had a higher percentage of tumors and kidney...
The rationality of biofuel certification: a critical examination of EU biofuel policy
Contributor(s):: Pols, A. J. K.
Certification for biofuels has been developed to ensure that biofuel production methods adhere to social and environmental sustainability standards. As such, requiring biofuel production to be certified has become part of EU policy through the 2009 renewable energy directive (RED), that aims to...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals
Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.
Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...
Willingness of Dutch broiler and pig farmers to convert to production systems with improved welfare
Contributor(s):: Gocsik, E., Lans, I. A. van der, Lansink, A. G. J. M. O., Saatkamp, H. W.
The present study investigated 15 broiler and 13 fattening pig farmers' willingness-to-convert to alternative production systems with higher animal welfare standards compared to conventional production systems in The Netherlands, and explored the main barriers to the adoption of these alternative...
The Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act and the Proposed Regulations: A Glimmer of Home In the Battle Against Abusive Animal Research
Contributor(s):: Robert J. Masonis
May 28 2015
IAHAIO Symposium 2015
Broiler chicken welfare assessment in GLOBALGAP certified and non-certified farms in Brazil
Contributor(s):: Souza, A., Oliveira Sans, E. C. de, Muller, B. R., Molento, C. F. M.
Regarding broilers, Brazil is the third largest producer and the leading chicken meat exporter in the world. Independent certifications are required by some importers in the European Union (EU) to guarantee compliance with minimum welfare requirements. Our objective was to compare broiler chicken...
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...
The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.
In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...