Animal-Assisted Interventions: Relationship Between Standards and Qualifications
| Contributor(s):: Greta Kerulo, Niko Kargas, Daniel S. Mills, Graham Law, Rise VanFleet, Tracie Faa-Thompson, Melissa Y. Winkle
Ethical practice of animal- assisted interventions (AAI) requires appropriate qualifications and experience for all parties involved. Recently introduced and updated Standards of Practice emphasize the importance of AAI- specific training and qualification for different types of AAI, which...
Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle
| Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
The Welfare of Bears in Zoos: A Case Study of Poland
| Contributor(s):: Maślak, Robert, Sergiel, Agnieszka, Bowles, David, Paśko, Łukasz
The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...
Steel-Jawed Leghold Traps and Killing Neck Snares: Similar Injuries Command Change to Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards
| Contributor(s):: Proulx, Gilbert, Rodtka, Dwight
According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Understanding shelter medicine
| Contributor(s):: Tânia Isabel Gomes Frazão Pina Santos
Shelter medicine is a small animal herd health discipline that is becoming an emerging area of specialization. This discipline rose from difficulties that shelter veterinarians face every day in local community shelters or supporting associations that protect the interests of animal well-being....
Moving beyond the "Five Freedoms" by Updating the "Five Provisions" and Introducing Aligned "Animal Welfare Aims"
| Contributor(s):: David J. Mellor
Although the Five Freedoms paradigm has been very influential in shaping animal welfare thinking for the last two decades, it has two key disadvantages. First, the focus on “freedom” from a range of negative experiences and states has been misunderstood in a number of quarters to mean...
Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.
This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...
Citizens, consumers and animals: what role do experts assign to public values in establishing animal welfare standards?
| Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Johnson, J.
The public can influence animal welfare law and regulation. However what constitutes 'the public' is not a straightforward matter. A variety of different publics have an interest in animal use and this has implications for the governance of animal welfare. This article presents an ethnographic...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
| Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport
| Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.
Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...
Certification standards for aquaculture products: bringing together the values of producers and consumers in globalised organic food markets
| Contributor(s):: Bergleiter, S., Meisch, S.
From a certifier's perspective (Naturland e.V.), this paper deals with the question of how to bring together the values of producers and consumers in globalized food markets. It is argued that growth and mainstreaming of organic food production cannot be achieved solely by ethically aware...
Retracting inconclusive research: lessons from the Seralini GM maize feeding study
| Contributor(s):: Resnik, D. B.
In September 2012, Gilles-Eric Seralini and seven coauthors published an article in Food and Chemical Toxicology claiming that rats fed Roundup-resistant genetically modified maize alone, genetically modified maize with Roundup, or Roundup for 2 years had a higher percentage of tumors and kidney...
The rationality of biofuel certification: a critical examination of EU biofuel policy
| Contributor(s):: Pols, A. J. K.
Certification for biofuels has been developed to ensure that biofuel production methods adhere to social and environmental sustainability standards. As such, requiring biofuel production to be certified has become part of EU policy through the 2009 renewable energy directive (RED), that aims to...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
| Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals
| Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.
Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...
Willingness of Dutch broiler and pig farmers to convert to production systems with improved welfare
| Contributor(s):: Gocsik, E., Lans, I. A. van der, Lansink, A. G. J. M. O., Saatkamp, H. W.
The present study investigated 15 broiler and 13 fattening pig farmers' willingness-to-convert to alternative production systems with higher animal welfare standards compared to conventional production systems in The Netherlands, and explored the main barriers to the adoption of these alternative...
The Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act and the Proposed Regulations: A Glimmer of Home In the Battle Against Abusive Animal Research
| Contributor(s):: Robert J. Masonis
May 28 2015
IAHAIO Symposium 2015
Broiler chicken welfare assessment in GLOBALGAP certified and non-certified farms in Brazil
| Contributor(s):: Souza, A., Oliveira Sans, E. C. de, Muller, B. R., Molento, C. F. M.
Regarding broilers, Brazil is the third largest producer and the leading chicken meat exporter in the world. Independent certifications are required by some importers in the European Union (EU) to guarantee compliance with minimum welfare requirements. Our objective was to compare broiler chicken...