The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Barren diets increase wakeful inactivity in calves
Contributor(s):: Webb, Laura E., Engel, Bas, van Reenen, Kees, Bokkers, Eddie A. M.
Inactivity is a vastly understudied behavioural category, which may reflect positive or negative affective states in captive or domesticated animals. Increased inactivity in barren-housed animals, in combination with an increased or decreased interest in stimuli, e.g. novel objects, can indicate...
Does cribbing behavior in horses vary with dietary taste or direct gastric stimuli?
Contributor(s):: Albright, Julia, Sun, Xiaocun, Houpt, Katherine
Concentrated feed diets have been shown to drastically increase the rate of the cribbing, an oral stereotypy in horses, but the specific component causing the rise has not been identified. Furthermore, the mechanism through which feed affects cribbing has not been explored. In the first...
Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)
Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander
Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...
Effect of environmental enrichment and composition of the social group on the behavior, welfare, and relative brain weight of growing rabbits
Contributor(s):: Bozicovich, Thais F. M., Moura, Ana Silvia A. M. T., Fernandes, Simone, Oliveira, Aline A., Siqueira, Edson R. Siqueira
The objective of the study was to investigate if environmental enrichment and the composition of the social group would affect the behavior and relative brain weight of growing rabbits. Rabbits (72 males and 72 females) were assigned to cages with or without enrichment and one of three social...
Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India
Contributor(s):: Varadharajan, Vanitha, Krishnamoorthy, Thiyagesan, Nagarajan, Baskaran
Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals’ association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers’ earlier than what their peers...
Frothy saliva—A novel indicator to assess stereotypies in sows?
Contributor(s):: Friedrich, Lena, Krieter, Joachim, Kemper, Nicole, Czycholl, Irena
The present study aimed at introducing a reliable and more feasible indicator to evaluate stereotypies in sows in comparison with the ‘Welfare Quality® animal welfare assessment protocol for sows and piglets’. Therefore, the indicators for the assessment of stereotypies of the Welfare Quality®...
Veganism and 'The Analytic Question'
Contributor(s):: Adam Reid
The (practical) dilemma I explore in this paper concerns two advocacy-oriented aims which, though not mutually exclusive per se, are nonetheless quite difficult for vegans to jointly satisfy in practice. The first concerns the need for individual vegans to rebuff (by example) certain familiar...
Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs
Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka
In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...
Pit Bulls Today
Contributor(s):: Hannah Nation
The motivation for this research paper is to shed a new light on the drastic effects negative stereotypes have on breeds that are deemed aggressive in the media and public’s eye. It’s important to understand the full scope of the situation in our society and the consequences that come...
Warmth and competence in animals
Contributor(s):: Sevillano, Verónica, Fiske, Susan T.
Effects of stereotypic behaviour and chronic mild stress on judgement bias in laboratory mice
Contributor(s):: Novak, Janja, Stojanovski, Klement, Melotti, Luca, Reichlin, Thomas S., Palme, Rupert, Würbel, Hanno
Cognitive processes are influenced by underlying affective states, and tests of cognitive bias have recently been developed to assess the valence of affective states in animals. These tests are based on the fact that individuals in a negative affective state interpret ambiguous stimuli more...
The Perception of Men and Women and the Pets They Own: Female Necessarily Equal Feline?
Contributor(s):: Santina D. Masters, Steve Colletes
While much research had investigated factors that influence the decisions io own pets, little is known about perceptions of people who own pets. In an examination of the perceptlons of people who own animals that do not fit the gender stereotype for pet ownership, 134 volunteers from a local...
People and pets
Contributor(s):: Mikkor, Marika
Vegaphobia: derogatory discourses of veganism and the reproduction of speciesism in UK national newspapers
Contributor(s):: Cole, Matthew
Bitch, Bitch, Bitch: Personal Criticism, Feminist Theory, and Dog-writing
Contributor(s):: McHugh, Susan
Holy bonsai wolves: Chihuahuas and the Paris Hilton syndrome
Contributor(s):: Redmalm, David
Association between increased behavioral persistence and sterotypy in the pet dog
Contributor(s):: Alexandra Protopopova, Nathaniel Hall, Clive Wynne
Stereotypic Gender Naming Practices for American and Australian Dogs and Cats
Contributor(s):: Abel, Ernest L., Kruger, Michael L.
Horses of Different Colors: The Plains Indians in Stories for Children
Contributor(s):: Stott, J. C.
Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo
Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.
This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...