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  1. Why are sheep sheepish? How perception affects animal stereotyping.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert G. Franklin Jr.

    Marino & Merskin present compelling evidence that many stereotypes of sheep are incorrect. One factor that may play an important role in animal stereotyping is the physical appearance of animals, which can directly lead to stereotyping through automatic mental processes. Sheep have a round...

  2. Do People Care about the Origin of Wildlife? The Role of Social Stereotypes on Public Preference for Exotic Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Díaz, Rocío Alejandra, Sevillano, Verónica, Cassini, Marcelo Hernán

    People’s attitudes to animals are becoming increasingly important for the success of invasive species management. We asked college students from Argentina to fill a questionnaire that included a question about their favorite free-living animal. A total of 159 responses were obtained....

  3. Applying the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) and BIAS Map to Understand Attitudinal and Behavioral Tendencies Toward the Conservation of Sharks

    | Contributor(s):: Neves, João, Pestana, José, Giger, Jean-Christophe

    Sharks are at increasing risk of extinction. Being a key factor in maintaining the balance of marine life in the ocean, as well as regulating the variety and abundance of the species below them in the food chain, their depletion is threatening the whole marine ecological system. Aside from the...

  4. Pit bulls and prejudice

    | Contributor(s):: Duberstein, Adam, King, Betz, Johnson, Amy R.

  5. The Anthropomorphic Application of Gender Stereotypes to Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Dashper, Katherine, Fenner, Kate, Hyde, Michelle, Probyn-Rapsey, Fiona, Caspar, Georgie, Henshall, Cathrynne, McGreevy, Paul

    Gender stereotypes shape human social interaction, often to the detriment of women and those who do not comply with normative expectations of gender. So far, little research has assessed the extent to which people apply gender stereotypes to animals, and the implications this may have for...

  6. Barren diets increase wakeful inactivity in calves

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, Laura E., Engel, Bas, van Reenen, Kees, Bokkers, Eddie A. M.

    Inactivity is a vastly understudied behavioural category, which may reflect positive or negative affective states in captive or domesticated animals. Increased inactivity in barren-housed animals, in combination with an increased or decreased interest in stimuli, e.g. novel objects, can indicate...

  7. Does cribbing behavior in horses vary with dietary taste or direct gastric stimuli?

    | Contributor(s):: Albright, Julia, Sun, Xiaocun, Houpt, Katherine

    Concentrated feed diets have been shown to drastically increase the rate of the cribbing, an oral stereotypy in horses, but the specific component causing the rise has not been identified. Furthermore, the mechanism through which feed affects cribbing has not been explored. In the first...

  8. Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander

    Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...

  9. Effect of environmental enrichment and composition of the social group on the behavior, welfare, and relative brain weight of growing rabbits

    | Contributor(s):: Bozicovich, Thais F. M., Moura, Ana Silvia A. M. T., Fernandes, Simone, Oliveira, Aline A., Siqueira, Edson R. Siqueira

    The objective of the study was to investigate if environmental enrichment and the composition of the social group would affect the behavior and relative brain weight of growing rabbits. Rabbits (72 males and 72 females) were assigned to cages with or without enrichment and one of three social...

  10. Frothy saliva—A novel indicator to assess stereotypies in sows?

    | Contributor(s):: Friedrich, Lena, Krieter, Joachim, Kemper, Nicole, Czycholl, Irena

    The present study aimed at introducing a reliable and more feasible indicator to evaluate stereotypies in sows in comparison with the ‘Welfare Quality® animal welfare assessment protocol for sows and piglets’. Therefore, the indicators for the assessment of stereotypies of the Welfare Quality®...

  11. Veganism and 'The Analytic Question'

    | Contributor(s):: Adam Reid

    The (practical) dilemma I explore in this paper concerns two advocacy-oriented aims which, though not mutually exclusive per se, are nonetheless quite difficult for vegans to jointly satisfy in practice. The first concerns the need for individual vegans to rebuff (by example) certain familiar...

  12. Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka

    In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...

  13. Pit Bulls Today

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Nation

    The motivation for this research paper is to shed a new light on the drastic effects negative stereotypes have on breeds that are deemed aggressive in the media and public’s eye. It’s important to understand the full scope of the situation in our society and the consequences that come...

  14. Warmth and competence in animals

    | Contributor(s):: Sevillano, Verónica, Fiske, Susan T.

  15. Effects of stereotypic behaviour and chronic mild stress on judgement bias in laboratory mice

    | Contributor(s):: Novak, Janja, Stojanovski, Klement, Melotti, Luca, Reichlin, Thomas S., Palme, Rupert, Würbel, Hanno

    Cognitive processes are influenced by underlying affective states, and tests of cognitive bias have recently been developed to assess the valence of affective states in animals. These tests are based on the fact that individuals in a negative affective state interpret ambiguous stimuli more...

  16. The Perception of Men and Women and the Pets They Own: Female Necessarily Equal Feline?

    | Contributor(s):: Santina D. Masters, Steve Colletes

    While much research had investigated factors that influence the decisions io own pets, little is known about perceptions of people who own pets. In an examination of the perceptlons of people who own animals that do not fit the gender stereotype for pet ownership, 134 volunteers from a local...

  17. People and pets

    | Contributor(s):: Mikkor, Marika

  18. Vegaphobia: derogatory discourses of veganism and the reproduction of speciesism in UK national newspapers

    | Contributor(s):: Cole, Matthew

  19. Bitch, Bitch, Bitch: Personal Criticism, Feminist Theory, and Dog-writing

    | Contributor(s):: McHugh, Susan

  20. Holy bonsai wolves: Chihuahuas and the Paris Hilton syndrome

    | Contributor(s):: Redmalm, David