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  1. A comparison of the frequency of occurrence of stereotypic behaviors demonstrated by a youth with autism during two recreation activities: Horseback riding and board game play

    Contributor(s):: Brekke, Philip J.

  2. An ethicist's commentary on veterinary involvement with laws banning pitbulls and pitbull crosses

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  3. Anticipatory behaviour and stereotypical behaviour in farmed mink ( Mustela vison ) in the presence, absence and after the removal of swimming water

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Houx, B. B., Bos, R. van den, Spruijt, B. M.

    Captive animals are often provided with cage enrichments in order to improve their welfare. Swimming water is an often-discussed requirement for farmed mink. The present study aimed to give insight into the value of swimming water for farmed mink by measuring anticipatory and stereotypical...

  4. Association between increased behavioral persistence and sterotypy in the pet dog

    Contributor(s):: Alexandra Protopopova, Nathaniel Hall, Clive Wynne

  5. Barren diets increase wakeful inactivity in calves

    Contributor(s):: Webb, Laura E., Engel, Bas, van Reenen, Kees, Bokkers, Eddie A. M.

    Inactivity is a vastly understudied behavioural category, which may reflect positive or negative affective states in captive or domesticated animals. Increased inactivity in barren-housed animals, in combination with an increased or decreased interest in stimuli, e.g. novel objects, can indicate...

  6. Behavior of picketed circus elephants

    Contributor(s):: Friend, T. H.

    The behaviour of 14 female Asian (Elephas maximus) and 3 female African (Loxodonta africana) elephants who performed 2 shows each day with a circus that travelled to a new location (40 to 250 km from the previous day's lot) daily, was studied. When not performing or working, the elephants were...

  7. Behavioural deprivation: a central problem in animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S.

  8. Bitch, Bitch, Bitch: Personal Criticism, Feminist Theory, and Dog-writing

    Contributor(s):: McHugh, Susan

  9. Can dogs behaving badly suggest a new way to treat OCD?

    Contributor(s):: Holden, Constance, Travis, John

  10. Can't stop, won't stop: is stereotypy a reliable animal welfare indicator?

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G. J., Latham, N. R.

    We estimate that stereotypies are currently displayed by over 85 million farm, laboratory and zoo animals worldwide. This paper investigates their reliability as welfare indicators by surveying studies relating stereotypy to other welfare measures and by analysing the mechanisms underlying this...

  11. Cat Person, Dog Person, Gay, or Heterosexual: The Effect of Labels on a Man's Perceived Masculinity, Femininity, and Likability

    Contributor(s):: Mitchell, R. W., Ellis, A. L.

    American undergraduates (192 male, 521 female) rated masculinity, femininity, and likability of two men (one highly masculine and unfeminine, one normally masculine with low femininity) from a videotaped interaction. Participants were informed that both men were cat persons, dog persons,...

  12. Clinical ethology in food animal practice

    Contributor(s):: Luescher, U. A., Friendship, R. M., Lissemore, K. D., McKeown, D. B.

  13. De-arousal properties of stereotyped behaviour: evidence from pituitary-adrenal correlates in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Dantzer, R., Mormede, P.

    Behavioural and pituitary--adrenal responses of food-deprived pigs, submitted to an intermittent food delivery schedule repeated over several weeks, were investigated. All animals reliably displayed stereotyped activites, in the form of repeated chain pulling, during the interval between food...

  14. Development of stereotypies and polydipsia in wild caught bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus ) and their laboratory-bred offspring. Is polydipsia a symptom of diabetes mellitus?

    Contributor(s):: Schoenecker, B., Heller, K. E., Freimanis, T.

    The development of stereotypies and polydipsia was studied in wild caught bank voles (P: n=92) and their laboratory-bred offspring (F1: n=248). All animals were kept isolated in barren cages in the laboratory. In the P generation, no individuals developed stereotypies, but 22% developed...

  15. Diurnal rhythm of bar-biting in relation to other behaviour in pregnant sows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    Instantaneous observations of behaviour were made with video once every sixth minute around the clock (in 20-s recordings at each interval) during the first 3 days following the introduction of pregnant sows into one of the following three environments: (1)loose housing in groups of five with a...

  16. Do the stereotypies of pigs, chickens and mink reflect adaptive species differences in the control of foraging?

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G., Mendl, M.

    Species differences in food-related stereotypies and natural foraging behaviour are discussed, and evolutionary explanations for these species differences, and reasons why apparent species differences in stereotypy may be artefacts of husbandry are postulated.

  17. Does cribbing behavior in horses vary with dietary taste or direct gastric stimuli?

    Contributor(s):: Albright, Julia, Sun, Xiaocun, Houpt, Katherine

    Concentrated feed diets have been shown to drastically increase the rate of the cribbing, an oral stereotypy in horses, but the specific component causing the rise has not been identified. Furthermore, the mechanism through which feed affects cribbing has not been explored. In the first...

  18. Does the number of daily meals affect feeding motivation and behaviour of gilts fed high-fibre diets?

    Contributor(s):: Robert, S., Bergeron, R., Farmer, C., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

    The feeding motivation and feeding-related stereotypies of pregnant gilts fed high-fibre (HF) or concentrate (C) diets in one or two daily meals were compared. 24 gilts were fed either a concentrate or high-fibre diet with the same daily intake of energy and major nutrients. The effect of the...

  19. Effect of dietary fibre and feeding system on activity and oral behaviour of group housed gilts

    Contributor(s):: Brouns, F., Edwards, S. A., English, P. R.

    The low feeding level common in practice for dry sows has been linked to the occurrence of stereotypies. A total of 54 gilts were allocated to three treatments and housed in groups of 6 in straw bedded pens with individual feeding stalls. The treatments consisted of control (C) 2.0 kg of a...

  20. Effect of environmental enrichment and composition of the social group on the behavior, welfare, and relative brain weight of growing rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Bozicovich, Thais F. M., Moura, Ana Silvia A. M. T., Fernandes, Simone, Oliveira, Aline A., Siqueira, Edson R. Siqueira

    The objective of the study was to investigate if environmental enrichment and the composition of the social group would affect the behavior and relative brain weight of growing rabbits. Rabbits (72 males and 72 females) were assigned to cages with or without enrichment and one of three social...