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  1. Using sterilization to change predation rates of wild coyotes: A test case involving pronghorn fawns

    Contributor(s):: Seidler, Renee G., Gese, Eric M., Conner, Mary M.

    Surgical sterilization of coyotes (Canis latrans) reduced their predation rate on domestic sheep. We investigated whether sterilizing coyotes would similarly change coyote predation rates on pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra americana) neonates. From May 2006 to March 2008, we radio-collared 71...

  2. Public Opinions on Strategies for Managing Stray Cats and Predictors of Opposition to Trap-Neuter and Return in Brisbane, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquie Rand, Gina Fisher, Kate Lamb, Andrea Hayward

    A survey of Brisbane residents was undertaken to investigate community attitudes toward urban stray cats and their management. Surveys were distributed to 84 medical and dental practices across Brisbane City, and were completed by 305 patients and staff. Practices were targeted to achieve a...

  3. Dog Population & Dog Sheltering Trends in the United States of America

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew Rowan, Tamara Kartal

    The pet overpopulation problem in the United States has changed significantly since the 1970s. The purpose of this review is to document these changes and propose factors that have been and are currently driving the dog population dynamics in the US. In the 1960s, about one quarter of the dog...

  4. A Case Study in Citizen Science: The Effectiveness of a Trap-Neuter-Return Program in a Chicago Neighborhood

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    The use of trap-neuter-return (TNR) as a method of managing free-roaming cat populations has increased in the United States in recent decades. Historically, TNR has been conducted most often at a grassroots level, which has led to inconsistent data collection and assessment practices....

  5. An Examination of an Iconic Trap-Neuter-Return Program: The Newburyport, Massachusetts Case Study

    | Contributor(s):: David D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    Local communities in the United States are commonly responsible for selecting the most appropriate method of managing free-roaming cats. Lethal management has been widely utilized for generations, but the use of trap–neuter–return (TNR) has grown in recent decades. Despite expanded...

  6. The Role of Dog Population Management in Rabies Elimination—A Review of Current Approaches and Future Opportunities

    | Contributor(s):: Louise H. Taylor, Ryan M. Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M. Lindenmayer, Douglas C. Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H. Nel

    Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of...

  7. Feeders of Free-Roaming Cats: Personal Characteristics, Feeding Practices, and Data on Cat Health and Welfare in an Urban Setting of Israel

    | Contributor(s):: Idit Gunther, Tal Raz, Yehonatan Even Zor, Yuval Bachowski, Eyal Klement

    Cat feeders serve as an important source of available food for free-roaming cats (FRCs) and can play a central role in providing data on FRC distribution, welfare, and health. Data on cat feeder personalities as well as a better understanding of their feeding practices offer relevance for...

  8. Menace and Management: Power in the Human-Monkey Social Worlds of Delhi and Shimla

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Allen Solomon

    This dissertation is based on ethnographic and textual research among the monkeys and humans of two Indian metropolises, mostly between 2006-2010. The monkeys are rhesus macaques, who have lived alongside humans in South Asia for thousands of years, make their livings in apparently anthropogenic...

  9. Using a dog demography field study to inform the development of an agent-based computer simulation. Evaluating owned dog population control interventions in a small, semi-urban community in Mexico

    | Contributor(s):: Luz Maria Kisiel

    This thesis evaluates the potential effects of different dog population control interventions in a small, semi-urban community in Mexico. First, a cross-sectional study was conducted to characterize dog ecology and demography in Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo. Approximately 65% of the households...

  10. Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago

    | Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.

    Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....

  11. Owner perceived differences between mixed-breed and purebred dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.

  12. Cat Ownership Perception and Caretaking Explored in an Internet Survey of People Associated with Cats

    | Contributor(s):: Zito, S., Vankan, D., Bennett, P., Paterson, M., Phillips, C. J.

  13. Population estimate and surgical sterilization program for cats and dogsEstimativa populacional e programa de esterilizacao cirurgica de caes e gatos

    | Contributor(s):: Catapan, D. C., Villanova Junior, J. A., Weber, S. H., Mangrich, R. M. V., Szczypkovski, A. D., Catapan, A., Pimpao, C. T.

    The objectives of this study were to estimate the population of dogs and cats evaluate whether sociocultural indicators influence the attitudes of responsible ownership and verify the impact of surgical sterilizations performed in Sao Jose dos Pinhais/PR. The estimation was carried out in six...

  14. Semi-ownership and sterilisation of cats and dogs in Thailand

    | Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of cat and dog semi-ownership in Thailand and factors that predict sterilisation. Semi-ownership was defined as interacting/caring for a companion animal that the respondent does not own, such as a stray cat or dog. A randomised telephone...

  15. Companion animals in Thailand: human factors that predict sterilization of cats and dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n=494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions (CHAI) telephone...

  16. Value conflicts in feral cat management: trap-neuter-return or trap-euthanize?

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, C., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.

    This chapter explores the key values at stake in feral cat management, focusing on the debate over whether to use trap-neuter-return or trap-euthanize as management tools for cat populations. The chapter provides empirical background on unowned cats, sketches widely-used arguments in favour of...

  17. Current attitudes toward, and incidence of, sterilization of cats and dogs by caregivers (owners) in Auckland, New Zealand

    | Contributor(s):: McKay, S. A., Farnworth, M. J., Waran, N. K.

    This study distributed a questionnaire to cat or dog caregivers (owners) throughout Auckland, New Zealand, to investigate the attitudes of human companions toward the sterilization of their cats and dogs and the degree to which this occurs relative to demographic information gathered. A total of...

  18. Impact of a bilingual mobile spay/neuter clinic in a U.S./Mexico border city

    | Contributor(s):: Poss, J. E., Everett, M.

    There are between 4 and 10 million dogs and cats killed annually in the United States. Although there are no accurate national estimates of the number of companion animals who are sterilized surgically. Approximately 26,000 companion animals are euthanized annually in El Paso County, Texas,...

  19. Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

    | Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.

    This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population...

  20. Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.

    Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...