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  1. Does environmental enrichment consisting of brushing prepartum zebu heifers improve first-lactation behavior?

    Contributor(s):: da Silva, Pércia Monteiro Rocha Soares, Ferreira, Isabel Cristina, da Fonseca Neto, Álvaro Moraes, Malaquias, Juaci Vitória, de Pinho, Gabriel Alberto Santos, de Oliveira, Sara Adna Santos, Martins, Carlos Frederico

  2. Effects of Calf Horn as Chews on the Behavior of Laboratory Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ketter, Daphne A., Klima, André, Küchenhoff, Helmut, Dobenecker, Britta, Schmidt, Jörg, Erhard, Michael H., Döring, Dorothea

    It is increasingly required that non-human animals in laboratories are provided with adequate enrichment to promote the welfare of the animals. In a previous publication we showed that laboratory dogs intensively used the horn of calf hooves as chewing objects. In this report, we describe the...

  3. Repeated exposure to positive events induces optimistic-like judgment and enhances fearfulness in chronically stressed sheep

    Contributor(s):: Destrez, Alexandra, Deiss, Véronique, Leterrier, Christine, Calandreau, Ludovic, Boissy, Alain

    Chronic stress in farm animals can induce detrimental effects in emotional sensitivity and cognitive function, for example, by altering fearfulness and eliciting pessimistic-like judgment. Based on a few experiments carried out on laboratory animals, we suggest that exposing chronically stressed...

  4. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Hillmann, Edna, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Spengler Neff, Anet

    The present study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the last 5 weeks before slaughter in finishing cattle on behaviour towards humans, stress indicators and beef quality. Three experiments were carried out. Experiments 1, 2 and 3 employed eight Limousin crossbred bulls,...

  5. Does water or blowing air stimulate cows to defecate?

    Contributor(s):: Robichaud, Marianne Villettaz, de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rushen, Jeffrey

    Manure is an important cause of dirtiness and disease for cows and can affect milk quality and human health. The aim of this study was to test whether we could stimulate cows to defecate at a particular location in order to reduce the spread of manure. A series of four tests with 12 lactating...

  6. Gentle touching in early life reduces avoidance distance and slaughter stress in beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Spengler Neff, Anet, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Hillmann, Edna

    This study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the early life of suckler beef calves on avoidance distance on-farm and stress reactions at the abattoir. Twenty-seven Limousin crossbred calves were assigned to a treatment (n=13) or a control group (n=14) balanced by sex and...

  7. Effects of confinement duration and parity on behavioural responses and the degree of psychological fear in pregnant sows

    Contributor(s):: Zhang, Ming-yue, Li, Xiang, Zhang, Xiao-hui, Liu, Hong-gui, Li, Jian-hong, Bao, Jun

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of space restriction stress on the behavior of different parity sows, and it is necessary to understand such effects due to space restriction to improve the welfare of the sows in confined conditions. We selected 264 pregnant sows (Large White) at...

  8. The effect of a compressed air stimulus on blocking times in a concentrate feeding station for horses in group housing

    Contributor(s):: Gülden, Aline, Büscher, Wolfgang

    Concentrate feeding stations are used to meet the different feeding requirements of group-housed horses. In practice, blocking times caused by horses remaining in the feeding station without concentrate allowance constrain the feeding process considerably. To date, the application of an electric...

  9. Inducing positive emotions: Behavioural and cardiac responses to human and brushing in ewes selected for high vs low social reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Tamioso, Priscilla Regina, Maiolino Molento, Carla Forte, Boivin, Xavier, Chandèze, Hervé, Andanson, Stéphane, Delval, Éric, Hazard, Dominique, da Silva, Guilherme Parreira, Taconeli, Cesar Augusto, Boissy, Alain

    Welfare concerns not only the absence of negative emotional experiences but also the presence of positive experiences. However, scientific investigation on positive emotions in farm animals has been long neglected. This study aimed to investigate the perception of sheep to positive stimuli and...

  10. The Impact of Equine Therapy and an Audio-Visual Approach Emphasizing Rhythm and Beat Perception in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Hession, C. E., Law Smith, M. J., Watterson, D., Oxley, N., Murphy, B. A.

  11. Neural correlates for perception of companion animal photographs

    | Contributor(s):: Hayama, S., Chang, L., Gumus, K., King, G. R., Ernst, T.

    Anthrozoological neuroscience, which we propose as the use of neuroscience techniques to study human-animal interaction, may help to elucidate mechanisms underlying the associated psychological, physiological, and other purported health effects. This preliminary study investigates the neural...

  12. Priming hand motor training with repetitive stimulation of the fingertips; performance gain and functional imaging of training effects

    | Contributor(s):: Lotze, Martin, Ladda, Aija Marie, Roschka, Sybille, Platz, Thomas, Dinse, Hubert R.

  13. Influence of dog presence on the tolerance and evaluation of aversive stimulation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Sodre Galvao Garcia

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence of a domestic dog in the evaluation and tolerance of auditory aversive stimulation. Eighteen undergraduate college students participated. We analysed the latency of escape response from the aversive sounds and evaluation of the session...

  14. Training rams to court and mate female goats

    | Contributor(s):: Orihuela, Agustín, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo

    As Saint-Croix rams (sheep) exhibit low seasonal reproductive changes, they could be effective in inducing a reproductive response during the non-breeding season in anestrous does (goats) of breeds whose bucks show low reproductive activity. Three management practices for training rams to court...

  15. The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.

    The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...

  16. Perceiving emotions in human-human and human-animal interactions: Hemodynamic prefrontal activity (fNIRS) and empathic concern

    | Contributor(s):: Vanutelli, M. E., Balconi, M.

  17. The Zoological Paradox

    | Contributor(s):: Thorfun Chutchawanjumrut

    Through on-site field investigation, studies of animal behaviors, and Jon Coe’s zoo enrichment principles, this thesis proposes that zoo architec-ture should prioritize the needs of the animals by incorporating behavioral and environmental enrichments into its...

  18. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  19. Animal Enrichment Strategies for Promoting Natural Behaviors in Captive Populations of Tasmanian Devils (Sarcophilus harrisii)

    | Contributor(s):: Tierney O\'neal

    The population of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) is in rapid decline due to Devil Facial Tumour Disease, and insurance populations have been created in captivity for potential future introduction into the wild. Many problems can arise within captive animal populations including loss of...

  20. Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.

    Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...