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  1. The influence of neonatal environment on piglet play behaviour and post-weaning social and cognitive development

    Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E., Ison, S. H., Baxter, E. M.

    Research has shown that the domestic pig is highly playful throughout its development and that play is an important aspect of social and cognitive development. Therefore, the neonatal environment is fundamental to successful stimulation of play in neonatal pigs, which could have indirect and...

  2. Direct Interventions for Improving the Performance of Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease

    Contributor(s):: Mahendra, Nidhi

  3. A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit

    Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.

    This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...

  4. Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )

    Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...

  5. The impact of past and present preferences on stimulus engagement in nursing home residents with dementia

    Contributor(s):: Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska, Marx, Marcia S., Thein, Khin, Dakheel-Ali, Maha

    Objectives: We examined engagement with stimuli in 193 nursing home residents with dementia. We hypothesized that activities and stimuli based on a person's past and current preferences would result in more engagement than other activities/stimuli. Method: The expanded version of the...

  6. The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)

    Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.

    Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...

  7. Evaluation of factors affecting emotional responses in zoo visitors and the impact of emotion on conservation mindedness

    Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Bullock, E. V. W.

    Creating experiences for visitors that increase their biological knowledge and inspire conservation mindedness is a critical task for zoos and aquariums. A growing body of literature suggests that emotional stimulation is affected by characteristics of both the visitor and the visitor's...

  8. Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...

  9. Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...

  10. Periods of early development and the effects of stimulation and social experiences in the canine

    Contributor(s):: Battaglia, C. L.

    It is not capacity that explains the differences that exist between individuals, because most seem to have far more capacity than they will ever use. The differences that exist between individuals seem to be related to something else. Researchers have studied these phenomena and have looked for...

  11. A survey of stakeholders' opinions on the priority issues affecting the welfare of companion dogs in Great Britain

    Contributor(s):: Buckland, E. L., Whiting, M. C., Abeyesinghe, S. M., Asher, L., Corr, S., Wathes, C. M.

  12. Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review

    Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.

  13. How "natural" training methods can affect equine mental state? A critical approach - a review

    Contributor(s):: Rozempolska-Rucinska, I., Trojan, M., Kosik, E., Prochniak, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A.

  14. Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids

    Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.

  15. The acquisition and maintenance of dogs' aversion responses to kiwi (Apteryx spp.) training stimuli across time and locations

    Contributor(s):: Dale, A. R., Statham, S., Podlesnik, C. A., Elliffe, D.

  16. HFP bei Kindern mit Komplexer Behinderung [Paedagogical horseback riding for children with multiple disabilities]

    Contributor(s):: Schäffer, Kathrin

  17. Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.

  18. Measuring the success of a farm animal welfare education event

    Contributor(s):: Jamieson, J., Reiss, M. J., Allen, D., Asher, L., Wathes, C. M., Abeyesinghe, S. M.

  19. Pain perception at slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Johnson, C. B., Gibson, T. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.

  20. Conscious thought is for facilitating social and cultural interactions: How mental simulations serve the animal

    Contributor(s):: Baumeister, Roy F., Masicampo, E. J.