You are here: Home / Tags / stimuli / All Categories

Tags: stimuli

All Categories (1-20 of 101)

  1. Dogs and wolves differ in their response allocation to their owner/caregiver or food in a concurrent choice procedure

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Isernia, L., Wynne, C. D. L., House, L., Feuerbacher, E. N.

     Dogs and wolves both show attachment-like behaviors to their owners/caregivers, including exploring more in the presence of the owner/caregiver, and greeting the owner/caregiver more effusively after an absence. Concurrent choice studies can elucidate dogs’ and wolves’...

  2. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  3. Current Advances in Assessment of Dog's Emotions, Facial Expressions, and Their Use for Clinical Recognition of Pain

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mota-Rojas, D., Marcet-Rius, M., Ogi, A., Hernández-Ávalos, I., Mariti, C., Martínez-Burnes, J., Mora-Medina, P., Casas, A., Domínguez, A., Reyes, B., Gazzano, A.

    Animals' facial expressions are involuntary responses that serve to communicate the emotions that individuals feel. Due to their close co-existence with humans, broad attention has been given to identifying these expressions in certain species, especially dogs. This review aims to analyze...

  4. Identifying personality traits and their potential application to the management of captive forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii)

    | Contributor(s):: Yang, Shuang, Zhang, Tianxiang, Li, Yimeng, Xu, Shanghua, Zhang, Meishan, Hu, Xin, Liu, Shuqiang, Hu, Defu, Wronski, Torsten

  5. Are special feed and being brushed judged as positive by calves?

    | Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. Schulze, Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.

    In studies concerning animal welfare, especially on methods to enhance positive welfare, different stimuli are used to create positive situations or “rewards”. A positive judgement by the animals, however, cannot be assumed a priori. The aim of this study was to determine by means of preference...

  6. Assessment of fear-related behaviours displayed by companion dogs (Canis familiaris) in response to social and non-social stimuli

    | Contributor(s):: Stellato, Anastasia C., Flint, Hannah E., Widowski, Tina M., Serpell, James A., Niel, Lee

    Dogs that experience fear in response to everyday stimuli are likely to have reduced welfare, and are at a higher risk for the development of behaviour problems. To properly investigate the causes and consequences of canine fear it is important to correctly identify affected individuals. The aim...

  7. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, CÈline Degrez, Zarrin Alavi, Eric Lemonnier

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated...

  8. Developing visual discrimination tasks for dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Joana Maria Guilherme Martins Fernandes

    The study of animal emotion has risen in the past decades, and because non-human animals cannot talk about their feelings, different techniques have been developed with the aim to understand emotions and improve animal welfare. Here, I intended to assess animal emotions by two different...

  9. Vocal and visual stimulation, congruence and lateralization affect brain oscillations in interspecies emotional positive and negative interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Balconi, Michela, Vanutelli, Maria Elide

  10. Yum, cake!: How reward sensitivity relates to automatic approach motivation for dessert food images

    | Contributor(s):: May, Christine N., Juergensen, James, Demaree, Heath A.

  11. Domestic dogs match human male voices to faces, but not for females

    | Contributor(s):: Yong, MinHooi, Ruffman, T.

    Dogs can match human genders when viewing a live person with vocal playback in a cross-modal discrimination task. In addition, dogs behave differently towards a live human male, with more defensive aggression shown towards human males compared to females. We investigated whether domestic dogs...

  12. New perspectives on dolphin whistles: Evaluating signal context, categorization and memory

    | Contributor(s):: Bruck, Jason Neal

  13. Cross-Cultural Agreement in Perception of Animal Beauty: Boid Snakes Viewed by People from Five Continents

    | Contributor(s):: Frynta, Daniel, Maresova, Jana, Rehakova-Petru, Milada, Skliba, Jan, Sumbera, Radim, Krasa, Antonin

  14. A comparison of pet and purpose-bred research dog ( Canis familiaris) performance on human-guided object-choice tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Dorman, D. C.

    Several studies have shown that domestic dogs respond to human social cues such as pointing. Some experiments have shown that pet dogs outperformed wolves in following a momentary distal point. These findings have lent support to the hypothesis that domestication is responsible for domestic dogs'...

  15. Comparative studies of emotional behaviors of house and stray dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Kim, N. Y., Kim, K. H., Kim, S. J., Jeon, B. T., Park, P. J., Thomas, D. G., Moon, S. H.

    Background: The industry of companion animal has been growing steadily in Korea. However, alongside this rapid growth, insufficient knowledge and immature civic awareness of the responsibilities of companion animal ownership has resulted in an increase in the number of stray animals. Aim: The aim...

  16. Can aggression in dogs be elicited through the use of electronic pet containment systems?

    | Contributor(s):: Polsky, R.

    Five cases are described that involve severe attacks on humans by dogs who were being trained or maintained on an electronic pet containment system. The system is designed to boundary train a dog through the use of electric shock in an escape-avoidance conditioning paradigm. Data were collected...

  17. The impact of past and present preferences on stimulus engagement in nursing home residents with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska, Marx, Marcia S., Thein, Khin, Dakheel-Ali, Maha

    Objectives: We examined engagement with stimuli in 193 nursing home residents with dementia. We hypothesized that activities and stimuli based on a person's past and current preferences would result in more engagement than other activities/stimuli. Method: The expanded version of the...

  18. Brief owner absence does not induce negative judgement bias in pet dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muller, C. A., Riemer, S., Rosam, C. M., Schosswender, J., Range, F., Huber, L.

    Humans in a negative emotional state are more likely to judge ambiguous stimuli as negative. In recent years, similar judgement biases have been found in some non-human animals that were exposed to long-term or short-term treatments aimed at influencing their affective states. Here we tested...

  19. Children's preferences for infantile features in dogs and cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli

    A number of authors suggest that children exhibit a natural interest towards animals, and different intervention programs have shown the presence of an animal being able to increase children's attentiveness and motivation levels. Nonetheless, few research efforts have been devoted to the...

  20. How to handle your cows stress-free and safely?

    | Contributor(s):: Adam, S., Baillargeon, J.