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  1. The Effectiveness of Dog Population Management: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren M. Smith, Sabine Hartmann, Alexandru M. Munteanu, Paolo Dalla Villa, Rupert J. Quinnell, Lisa M. Collins

    The worldwide population of domestic dogs is estimated at approximately 700 million, with around 75% classified as “free-roaming”. Where free-roaming dogs exist in high densities, there are significant implications for public health, animal welfare, and wildlife. Approaches to...

  2. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  3. Using Genetics to Evaluate the Success of a Feral Cat (Felis catus) Control Program in North-Western Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saul Cowen, Lucy Clausen, Dave Algar, Sarah Comer

    The feral cat has been implicated in the decline and extinction of many species worldwide and a range of strategies have been devised for its control. A five-year control program using the aerial broadcast of toxic Eradicat® baits was undertaken at Fortescue Marsh in the Pilbara region...

  4. Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo

    Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...

  5. The Implications of Policies on the Welfare of Free-Roaming Cats in New Zealand

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sumner, Christine L., Walker, Jessica K., Dale, Arnja R.

    A lack of national legislation for cat management in New Zealand poses challenges for ensuring that practices are consistently humane and effective. In this paper, we review the current cat management policies in New Zealand and the implications they have on the welfare of free-roaming cats...

  6. A Review and Analysis of the National Dog Population Management Program in Chile

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Garde, Elena, Marín-Vial, Paula, Pérez, Guillermo E., Sandvig, Erik M.

    Free-roaming dogs are a worldwide problem, with Chile having some of the highest human-to-dog ratios in the world. In 2017, Law 21.020 was promulgated and the federal government developed a national responsible pet ownership program. The objectives of this article are to describe and discuss...

  7. Neutering Effects on Social Behaviour of Urban Unowned Free-Roaming Domestic Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simona Cafazzo, Roberto Bonanni, Eugenia Natoli

    The “trap, spay/neuter, and release” programs to manage unowned free-roaming cat populations are diffused worldwide and they are largely advised even in countries where the suppression of unowned cats is enforced by law. Despite the massive neutering campaigns in the world, there is...

  8. Bad dog: feral and free-roaming dogs as agents of conflict

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie K. Young, D. L. Bergman, M. Ono

    Domestic dogs are ubiquitous where humans reside. While typically considered a companion animal, their ability to thrive as feral and free-roaming animals often results in conflict with wildlife and is an impediment to conservation goals (Gompper, 2013). Home, Bhatnagar & Vanak (2018)...

  9. If they could choose: How would dogs spend their days? Activity patterns in four populations of domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Griss, Silja, Riemer, Stefanie, Warembourg, Charlotte, Sousa, Filipe Maximiano, Wera, Ewaldus, Berger-Gonzalez, Monica, Alvarez, Danilo, Bulu, Petrus Malo, Hernández, Alexis López, Roquel, Pablo, Dürr, Salome

  10. 'stray appetites': a socio-ecological analysis of free-ranging dogs living alongside human communities in Bangalore, India

    | Contributor(s):: Bhalla, S. J., Kemmers, R., Vasques, A., Vanak, A. T.

  11. Population Characteristics of Cats Adopted from an Urban Cat Shelter and the Influence of Physical Traits and Reason for Surrender on Length of Stay

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Miller, Michael Ward, Julia A. Beatty

    Measures aimed at reducing the length of stay (LOS) of cats in shelters can promote animal welfare and more efficient use of resources. The extent to which variables shown to impact LOS are broadly applicable is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe a population of cats adopted from an...

  12. Back to School: An Updated Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Long-Term Trap-Neuter-Return Program on a University's Free-Roaming Cat Population

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    A growing body of evidence indicates that trap-neuter-return (TNR) is not only effective at reducing community cat numbers, but that such reductions are sustainable over extended periods. Recently, a series of peer-reviewed articles documenting long-term declines in community cat populations...

  13. Comparison of Outcome Data for Shelter Dogs and Cats in the Czech Republic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Veronika Vojtkovská, Eva Voslárová, Vladimír Vecerek

    Animal protection, which also comprises the subject of abandoned and stray animals, has become a pressing and widely discussed topic. The aim of this study was to compare dogs and cats from two shelters in a selected region of the Czech Republic, based on factors that affect the length of stay....

  14. Should cats be allowed outdoors? A research survey on animal welfare risks for free-ranging cats in Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Machado, D. S., Braganca, A. F. F., Travnik, I. C., Rossi, A. P., Sant'Anna, A. C.

  15. Coexistence of diversified dog socialities and territorialities in the city of Concepcion, Chile

    | Contributor(s):: Miternique, H. C., Gaunet, F.

  16. Predation and Risk Behaviors of Free-Roaming Owned Cats in Auckland, New Zealand via the Use of Animal-Borne Cameras

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie J. Bruce, Sarah Zito, M. Carolyn Gates, Glenn Aguilar, Jessica K. Walker, Nick Goldwater, Arnja Dale

    Free-roaming cats are at increased risk of injuring themselves as well as other domestic and fauna species, yet relatively little is known about the frequency at which risk and predation behaviors occur in a typical day. In this study, cat risk, and predation behavioral information was...

  17. The Significance of Social Perceptions in Implementing Successful Feral Cat Management Strategies: A Global Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brooke P. Deak, Bertram Ostendorf, David A. Taggart, David E. Peacock, Douglas K. Bardsley

    This review examines the social aspects that influence feral cat management. In particular, it examines definitions and perceptions of feral cats as a species in different countries and across cultures. Using case studies from around the world, we investigate the factors that can influence...

  18. Scoping review of indicators and methods of measurement used to evaluate the impact of dog population management interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Kate Nattrass Atema, Rebecca Brimley, Alexandra Hammond-Seaman, Mark Jones, Andrew Rowan, Emelie Fogelberg, Mark Kennedy, Deepashree Balaram, Louis Nel, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend, Tiziana Lembo, Nicola Rooney, Helen Rebecca Whay, Joy Pritchard, Jane Murray, Lisa van Dijk, Natalie Waran, Heather Bacon, Darryn Knobel, Lou Tasker, Chris Baker, Lex Hiby

    Background: Dogs are ubiquitous in human society and attempts to manage their populations are common to most countries. Managing dog populations is achieved through a range of interventions to suit the dog population dynamics and dog ownership characteristics of the location, with a number...

  19. Editorial: Sustaining Innovation in Compassionate Free-Roaming Cat Management Across the Globe: A Decadal Reappraisal of the Practice and Promise of Trap-Neuter-Vaccinate-Return (TNVR)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joan E. Schaffner, Geoffrey Wandesforde-Smith, Peter Joseph Wolf, Julie Levy, Sophie Riley, Mark James Farnworth6

  20. Implementing Nonlethal Solutions for Free-Roaming Cat Management in a County in the Southeastern United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francis Hamilton

    From 2006 to 2017, stray or free-roaming cats ranged from 35 to 54% of all animals going into the public shelter in Hillsborough County, Florida. Shelter overcrowding of cats, including free-roaming, feral, or community cats, is a major problem in parts of the world. Issues with free-roaming...