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  1. A Scoping Review of Campus-Based Animal-Assisted Interactions Programs for College Student Mental Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tanya K. Bailey

    Background: People have long found support by interacting with animals, which has developed into a health care modality called animal-assisted interactions (AAI). In the past 10 years, AAI has increased as a way to support college students’ mental health; however, there is no...

  2. Veterinarians Experience Animal Welfare Control Work as Stressful

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sofia Väärikkälä, Laura Hänninen, Mari Nevas

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the job satisfaction of official veterinarians working in the field of animal welfare control and identify both positive features and challenges of their work. An electronic questionnaire was designed to evaluate job satisfaction. The questionnaire was...

  3. Scaredy-cat: Assessment of individual differences in response to an acute everyday stressor across development in the domestic cat

    | Contributor(s):: Urrutia, Andrea, Bánszegi, Oxána, Szenczi, Péter, Hudson, Robyn

  4. Is a mounted award ceremony in equestrian sport relevant to animal welfare?

    | Contributor(s):: Gehlen, H., Thöne-Reineke, C., Merle, R., Pichon, S., Linnenbrügger, H.

  5. Dogs can discriminate between human baseline and psychological stress condition odours

    | Contributor(s):: Wilson, C., Campbell, K., Petzel, Z., Reeve, C.

  6. Cortisol in Manure from Cattle Enclosed with Nofence Virtual Fencing

    | Contributor(s):: Sonne, Christian, Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen, Pertoldi, Cino, Frikke, John, Linder, Anne Cathrine, Styrishave, Bjarne

    To increase the efficiency and geographic expansion of nature conservation, large grazers have recently been used, either in the form of wild hoof-bearing animals or as domesticated ruminants including cattle. Using physical fencing limits migrating wildlife, while virtual fences encourage the...

  7. Possible Effects of Early Maternal Separation on the Gut Microbiota of Captive Adult Giant Pandas

    | Contributor(s):: Zhang, Xiaohui, Wang, Xueying, Ayala, James, Liu, Yuliang, An, Junhui, Wang, Donghui, Cai, Zhigang, Hou, Rong, Zhang, Mingyue

    Maternal deprivation (MD) in early life induces dysbiosis in the host gut microbiota, which is a key determinant of abnormal behavior in stress model individuals. Compared with the early parenting environment of the wild, captive giant pandas face frequent and premature maternal separation. Will...

  8. Reading the mind in the eyes in PTSD: Limited Moderation by the presence of a service dog

    | Contributor(s):: Woodward, S. H., Jamison, A. L., Khan, C., Gala, S., Bhowmick, C., Villasenor, D., Tamayo, G., Puckett, M., Parker, K. J.

    Persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently experience relationship failures in family and occupational domains resulting in loss of social supports. Prior research has implicated impairments in social cognition. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) measures a key...

  9. Effect of Acute Cold Stress on Neuroethology in Mice and Establishment of Its Model

    | Contributor(s):: Hu, Yajie, Liu, Yang, Li, Shize

    Cold environment is an inevitable stress source for humans and livestock in cold areas, which easily induce a cold stress response and then cause a series of abnormal changes in energy metabolism, neuroendocrine system, behavior and emotion. Homeostasis is maintained by the unified regulation of...

  10. Effects of dogs' visits to a public exhibition

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vanda Marnoto, Gonçalo G. Pereira, Sara Fragoso, Ana Faria, Sandra Soares, Florbela Elias, Rita Santos, Márcia Silva, Sónia Saraiva, Ana Santos, Leonor Galhardo

      Outdoor activities with dogs are known to be physically and mentally beneficial to them and their owners, but less is known about their circulation in public spaces. This study aimed to understand the effects of dog-owner dyad’s visits to an interactive exhibition on the...

  11. The Effects of the Human Voice on the Behavioral Indicators of Stress in Dogs Housed in an Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana M. Hypes

    Animal shelters are very stressful environments for the animals housed there. Dogs that live in shelters have been observed exhibiting stress-related behavior such as barking, pacing, aggression and fear related behaviors such as cowering. Behaviors of this nature are off-putting to prospective...

  12. Presence of a dog reduces subjective but not physiological stress responses to an analog trauma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lass-Hennemann, J., Peyk, P., Streb, M., Holz, E., Michael, T.

    Dogs are known to have stress and anxiety reducing effects. Several studies have shown that dogs are able to calm people during cognitive and performance stressors. Recently, therapy dogs have been proposed as a treatment adjunct for post-traumatic stress disorder patients. In this study we...

  13. Cat Foster Program Outcomes: Behavior, Stress, and Cat–Human Interaction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vitale, Kristyn R., Frank, Delaney H., Conroy, Jocelyn, Udell, Monique A. R.

    Recent research has demonstrated that cats (Felis catus) have greater social potential and flexibility than was previously assumed. However, many traditional cat care practices have been influenced by the misconception that cats are socially aloof. This can result in less support or guidance...

  14. Effects of a Novel Gel Formulation of Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) on Behavioral and Physiological Stress Responses in Dogs Undergoing Clinical Examination

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Puglisi, Ivana, Masucci, Marisa, Cozzi, Alessandro, Teruel, Eva, Navarra, Michele, Cirmi, Santa, Pennisi, Maria Grazia, Siracusa, Carlo

    The veterinary visit is necessary for safeguarding the health of dogs, but it can be stressful and threaten both the welfare of the patient and the accuracy of the examination. This randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study aims at evaluating how dog appeasing pheromone...

  15. Assistance dogs for military veterans with PTSD: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-synthesis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leighton, S. C., Nieforth, L. O., O'Haire, M. E.

    Psychiatric assistance dogs for military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) currently make up over 19% of assistance dog partnerships globally. We conducted a systematic review of the literature relating to these partnerships, with specific aims to (1) summarize their...

  16. Impact of Refinements to Handling and Restraint Methods in Mice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Davies, Jennifer R., Purawijaya, Dandri A., Bartlett, Julia M., Robinson, Emma S. J.

    There is increasing evidence that, compared to non-aversive handling methods (i.e., tunnel and cupping), tail handling has a negative impact on mouse welfare. Despite this evidence, there are still research organisations that continue to use tail handling. Here, we investigated handling for...

  17. Multiple handlers, several owner changes and short relationship lengths affect horses’ responses to novel object tests

    | Contributor(s):: Liehrmann, Océane, Viitanen, Alisa, Riihonen, Veera, Alander, Emmi, Koski, Sonja E., Lummaa, Virpi, Lansade, Léa

  18. Acute changes in oxytocin predict behavioral responses to foundation training in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Niittynen, Taru, Riihonen, Veera, Moscovice, Liza R., Koski, Sonja E.

  19. Exploring Implementation of Animal-Assisted Interventions as Health Promotion Initiatives on University Campuses

    | Contributor(s):: Cooke, E., Warner, E., Henderson-Wilson, C.

  20. [Patient with a long history of disease in whom service dog contributed to recovery]

    | Contributor(s):: Bak, M., Delespaul, P.