You are here: Home / Tags / Stress / All Categories

Tags: Stress

All Categories (1-20 of 1101)

  1. Equine-assisted interventions for veterans with service-related health conditions: a systematic mapping review

    Contributor(s):: Kinney, A. R., Eakman, A. M., Lassell, R., Wood, W.

    BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted interventions are emerging as an additional treatment modality, but little is...

  2. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  3. Positive Reinforcement Training for Blood Collection in Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) Results in Undetectable Elevations in Serum Cortisol Levels: A Preliminary Investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, Nicole M., Newberry, Ruth C., Robbins, Charles T., Ware, Jasmine V., Jansen, Heiko T., Nelson, O. Lynne

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  4. Physiological and behavioral indices of short-term stress in wild vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna) in Jujuy Province, Argentina

    Contributor(s):: Marcoppido, Gisela, Arzamendia, Yanina, Vilá, Bibiana

    The management of wild vicuñas can trigger a stress response that may compromise welfare. In Santa Catalina, Jujuy Province, Argentina, indices of short-term stress associated with capture, handling, and shearing were studied in 105 wild vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna). The study included 2 groups (n =...

  5. Maternal-Neonatal Pheromone/Interomone Added to Cat Litter Improves Litter Box Use and Reduces Aggression in Pair-Housed Cats

    Contributor(s):: McGlone, John J., Garcia, Arlene, Thompson, William G., Pirner, Glenna M.

    Introducing a new cat into a household with one or more resident cats can be a significant source of stress for the cats involved. These studies sought to determine if rabbit maternal-neonatal pheromone (2-methyl-2-butenal [2M2B]) in litter impacted cat social behaviors and litter box use. Study...

  6. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Melco, Ashley L., Goldman, Larry, Fine, Aubrey H., Peralta, Jose M.

    This study evaluated the impact that participation in sessions with children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has on therapy dogs. Nine certified therapy dogs were paired for 6 sessions with groups of 3–4 children. Sessions consisted of 5 different activities. Activities 1 and...

  7. Investigating Potential Effects of the Contraceptive Implanon on the Behavior of Free-Ranging Adult Female Barbary Macaques

    Contributor(s):: Maijer, Amanda M., Semple, Stuart

    In recent years, the use of hormonal contraception in captive, free-ranging, and wild mammal populations has increased, but the effects on these nonhuman animals' behavior and the associated welfare impacts remain poorly understood. This study of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques (Macaca...

  8. Guardians' Perceptions of Dogs' Welfare and Behaviors Related to Visiting the Veterinary Clinic

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Pierantoni, Ludovica, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo

    A large survey of Italian dog guardians (n = 906) was conducted to assess dog behavior and welfare at the veterinary clinic and to investigate how guardians and veterinarians affect them. This study confirmed that the veterinary clinic is a source of stress for most dogs, who showed impaired...

  9. Guardians' Perceptions of Cats' Welfare and Behavior Regarding Visiting Veterinary Clinics

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Bowen, Jonathan E., Campa, Sonia, Grebe, Gabriele, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo

    To assess the welfare of cats at the veterinary clinic and how caregivers and veterinarians affect it, a survey of Italian cat guardians (n = 1,111) was conducted using a 28-item multichoice questionnaire. Most cats showed impaired welfare during all stages of a clinic visit: before entering, in...

  10. Effects of Overcheck Use on Stress Parameters and Welfare Implications in Driving Horses

    Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., J, Suagee-Bedore, Amstutz, M., Duthie, M.

    Three sequential studies were performed to evaluate the effects of tying horses while wearing overchecks (strap from the bridle to backpad). In an observational study, horses (n = 305) wore high (HC), low (LC), or no overchecks (NC) with frequencies of 29.2%, 51.8% and 19.0% respectively. Study 1...

  11. Effect of Cage Type on Fecal Corticosterone Concentration in Buck Rabbits During the Reproductive Cycle

    Contributor(s):: Cornale, Paolo, Macchi, Elisabetta, Renna, Manuela, Prola, Liviana, Perona, Giovanni, Mimosi, Antonio

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) was measured in 14 buck rabbits individually housed in standard-dimension cages (SC) or in bigger cages (BC; with a volume more than double that of SC and equipped with a plastic foot mat) during 4 consecutive reproductive cycles. Cage type and...

  12. The Relationship Between Pet Attachment, Life Satisfaction, and Perceived Stress: Results from a South African Online Survey

    Contributor(s):: Roux, Marieanna C. le, Wright, Simonne

    Pets are an important part of many pet owners’ lives, yet very little is known about this complex relationship within a South African context. Most of the research on pet attachment and pet ownership stems from developed countries such as the USA. The present study used an online survey to...

  13. Therapy Dogs Improve Student Affect but Not Memory

    Contributor(s):: Trammell, Janet P.

    While students are increasingly struggling with anxiety and depression, the effects of therapy dogs on student stress has only recently been explored. This study was conducted to investigate whether therapy dogs can improve student affect and to determine if these benefits extend to cognition in...

  14. Does Viewing a Picture of a Pet During a Mental Arithmetic Task Lower Stress Levels?

    Contributor(s):: Ein, Natalie, Hadad, Marilyn, Reed, Maureen J., Vickers, Kristin

    Pets can reduce stress in their owner; however, they are not always permitted in public and institutional places. This study examined the impact of people viewing a picture of their pet versus other images on stress levels. One hundred and twenty participants were randomly assigned to one of six...

  15. The Association of Pet Ownership and Attachment with Perceived Stress among Chinese Adults

    Contributor(s):: Wu, Cynthia Sau Ting, Wong, Rosa Sze Man, Chu, Wing Hin

    Pet ownership is associated with both positive and negative emotions. Given that not everyone responds to pet care in a stressful way, perceptions of companion animals may play a role in how owners respond to them. In this study, we explored the relationship between pet ownership and perceived...

  16. The Effect of Therapy Dogs on Exam Stress and Memory

    Contributor(s):: Trammell, Janet P.

    Therapy dogs have been shown in many different situations to reduce stress and improve outcomes, but their effects on academic performance are unknown. I hypothesized that interaction with therapy dogs prior to exams would reduce stress in students and improve exam scores. In study 1,...

  17. The Effects of Group-Administered Canine Therapy on University Students’ Wellbeing: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Contributor(s):: Binfet, John-Tyler

    University students with elevated stress levels are at risk for experiencing compromised mental health and for underperforming academically. In an effort to support student wellbeing, post-secondary campuses are increasingly offering canine therapy programs. These programs provide students...

  18. Will a hiding box provide stress reduction for shelter cats?

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Godijn, L. M., van der Leij, W. J. R.

    Domestic cats (Felis sylvestris catus) can experience serious stress in shelters. Stressful experiences can have a major impact on the cats’ welfare and may cause higher incidences of infectious diseases in the shelters due to raised cortisol levels causing immunodeficiency. Though several...

  19. Utilising spatial distribution in two-tank systems to investigate the level of aversiveness to crowding in farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Contributor(s):: Laursen, Danielle Caroline, Andersson, Madelene Åberg, Silva, Patricia Isabel Mota, Petersson, Erik, Höglund, Erik

    In aquaculture, fish are exposed to a range of unfavourable environmental conditions. Amongst these, stocking density has attracted considerable attention as inappropriate densities may compromise welfare and negatively impact production. However, the recommendations for stocking remain elusive....

  20. Using hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal measures for assessing and reducing the stress of dogs in shelters: A review

    Contributor(s):: Hennessy, Michael B.

    Dogs admitted to animal shelters exhibit behavioral and physiological signs of stress. Among these is activation of the body's primary stress-responsive system, the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. HPA activity provides a metric for assessing both the dog's physiological response to the...