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  1. The effects of journey duration and space allowance on the behavioural and biochemical measurements of stress responses in suckling lambs during transport to an abattoir

    Contributor(s):: de la Fuente, Jesús, de Chávarri, Elisabeth González, Sánchez, Mónica, Vieira, Ceferina, Lauzurica, Sara, Díaz, Maria Teresa, Pérez, Concepción

    To evaluate the effect of journey duration and space allowance on behavioural and physiological responses, 72 male suckling lambs were transported by road to the slaughterhouse using two transport times – short (around 40min) or long (around 4.75h) – and three different space allowances: 0.12...

  2. Behavioural responses to hypoxia provide a non-invasive method for distinguishing between stress coping styles in fish

    Contributor(s):: Laursen, Danielle Caroline, L. Olsén, Hanna, Ruiz-Gomez, Maria de Lourdes, Winberg, Svante, Höglund, Erik

    Two divergent behavioural and physiological response patterns to challenges have been identified in mammals and birds, frequently termed the proactive and reactive coping styles. In recent years, individually distinct coping styles have also been observed in several species of fish. These...

  3. Contact with cows during the young age increases social competence and lowers the cardiac stress reaction in dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Buchli, Cornelia, Raselli, Alice, Bruckmaier, Rupert, Hillmann, Edna

    Separating calf and cow within 24h after birth is common practice in dairy farms. Some dairy farmers, however, practice a rearing system in which the calves are nursed by their dam or by foster cows. We investigated if dairy calves reared in such a system (calves with cow-contact) differ in their...

  4. Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka

    In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...

  5. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  6. Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten

    Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.

    This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.

  7. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  8. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  9. Neurobiological underpinnings of dogs’ human-like social competence: How interactions between stress response systems and oxytocin mediate dogs’ social skills

    Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips

  10. Social factors influencing cortisol modulation in dogs during a strange situation procedure

    Contributor(s):: Schöberl, Iris, Beetz, Andrea, Solomon, Judith, Wedl, Manuela, Gee, Nancy, Kotrschal, Kurt

  11. Human interaction and cortisol: Can human contact reduce stress for shelter dogs?

    Contributor(s):: Crista L. Coppola, Temple Grandin, R. Mark Enns

  12. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  13. RandAgiamo TM, a pilot project increasing adoptability of shelter dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)

    Contributor(s):: Menchetti, L., Mancini, S., Catalani, M. C., Boccini, B., Diverio, S.

    Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this "no-kill policy" has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates. Shelter...

  14. The "pet effect": physiological calming in the presence of canines

    Contributor(s):: Wheeler, E. A., Faulkner, M. E.

    The "pet effect," whereby interaction with a companion animal reduces the physiological indices of stress, varies with respect to fear of animals, companion animal guardianship, type of companion animal, or types of stress. In this study, a non-clinical sample of 223 undergraduates underwent the...

  15. Animal assisted therapies and dog welfare implicationsLe terapie assistite con gli animali e le eventuali implicazioni di benessere per il cane

    Contributor(s):: Papotti, F., Cannas, S., Talamonti, Z., Palestrini, C.

    "Pet-therapy" is the therapeutic use of pets, the "healing potential" of the animal serving the human health. As reported in several studies, the contact with an animal, in addition to ensure the replacement of a missing affection, is particularly suited to promote inter-personal contacts giving...

  16. Measuring the Stress Level of Students Preceding an Exam and Post Animal Interaction Through the Use of Salivary Cortisol

    Contributor(s):: Victoria Duback

    Stress is a sensation that can be helpful in a dangerous situation but also very harmful in excess. The body naturally begins to fight off the stress response in order to try and diminish the negative effects that it causes in the body. There are many adverse effects to experiencing stress which...

  17. Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust

    Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Donaldson, B., Vercoe, M., Filippo, M., Zaka, P. J.

    Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to play...

  18. Evaluation of temperament information to improve adoption occurrence and evaluation of human contact and housing arrangement on stress response of adult shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Coppola, Crista L.

  19. Post-operative benefits of animal-assisted therapy in pediatric surgery: a randomised study

    Contributor(s):: Calcaterra, V., Veggiotti, P., Palestrini, C., De Giorgis, V., Raschetti, R., Tumminelli, M., Mencherini, S., Papotti, F., Klersy, C., Albertini, R., Ostuni, S., Pelizzo, G.

  20. Animal welfare concerns and values of stakeholders within the dairy industry

    Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.

    This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and...