The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the behavioural and physiological stress response of adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)
Contributor(s):: Ash, Hayley, Smith, Tessa E., Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.
The effect of premature maternal separation on distress vocalizations and activity in kittens (Felis catus) during a brief nest separation
Contributor(s):: Lowell, Kira J., Delgado, Mikel M., Mederos, Sabrina L., Bain, Melissa J.
It is unknown how premature maternal separation affects the responses of kittens to potentially stressful events. In the United States, thousands of kittens are orphaned each year due to death of the queen, neglect, or accidental separation by humans. Neonatal mammals emit distress calls and...
The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans
| Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete
The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...
Number of nearby visitors and noise level affect vigilance in captive koalas
| Contributor(s):: Larsen, Megan J., Sherwen, Sally L., Rault, Jean-Loup
Understanding human-animal interactions is particularly important for institutions that display animals to the public due to the frequent, and sometimes intense, interactions with unfamiliar humans. Past research has shown that visitors can have a negative impact on the welfare of a wide range of...
Linking cortisol responsiveness and aggressive behaviour in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata: Indication of divergent coping styles
| Contributor(s):: Castanheira, Maria Filipa, Herrera, Marcelino, Costas, Benjamín, Conceição, Luís E. C., Martins, Catarina I. M.
Farmed animals, including fish, often exhibit a pronounced individual variation in stress coping styles with proactive and reactive individuals differing in a variety of neuroendocrine and behavioural responses. In this study we disclosed that individual differences in cortisol responsiveness...
The effects of journey duration and space allowance on the behavioural and biochemical measurements of stress responses in suckling lambs during transport to an abattoir
| Contributor(s):: de la Fuente, Jesús, de Chávarri, Elisabeth González, Sánchez, Mónica, Vieira, Ceferina, Lauzurica, Sara, Díaz, Maria Teresa, Pérez, Concepción
To evaluate the effect of journey duration and space allowance on behavioural and physiological responses, 72 male suckling lambs were transported by road to the slaughterhouse using two transport times – short (around 40min) or long (around 4.75h) – and three different space allowances: 0.12...
Behavioural responses to hypoxia provide a non-invasive method for distinguishing between stress coping styles in fish
| Contributor(s):: Laursen, Danielle Caroline, L. Olsén, Hanna, Ruiz-Gomez, Maria de Lourdes, Winberg, Svante, Höglund, Erik
Two divergent behavioural and physiological response patterns to challenges have been identified in mammals and birds, frequently termed the proactive and reactive coping styles. In recent years, individually distinct coping styles have also been observed in several species of fish. These...
Contact with cows during the young age increases social competence and lowers the cardiac stress reaction in dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Buchli, Cornelia, Raselli, Alice, Bruckmaier, Rupert, Hillmann, Edna
Separating calf and cow within 24h after birth is common practice in dairy farms. Some dairy farmers, however, practice a rearing system in which the calves are nursed by their dam or by foster cows. We investigated if dairy calves reared in such a system (calves with cow-contact) differ in their...
Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka
In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
| Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
| Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Neurobiological underpinnings of dogs’ human-like social competence: How interactions between stress response systems and oxytocin mediate dogs’ social skills
| Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips
Social factors influencing cortisol modulation in dogs during a strange situation procedure
| Contributor(s):: Schöberl, Iris, Beetz, Andrea, Solomon, Judith, Wedl, Manuela, Gee, Nancy, Kotrschal, Kurt
Human interaction and cortisol: Can human contact reduce stress for shelter dogs?
| Contributor(s):: Crista L. Coppola, Temple Grandin, R. Mark Enns
RandAgiamo TM, a pilot project increasing adoptability of shelter dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)
| Contributor(s):: Menchetti, L., Mancini, S., Catalani, M. C., Boccini, B., Diverio, S.
Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this "no-kill policy" has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates....
The "pet effect": physiological calming in the presence of canines
| Contributor(s):: Wheeler, E. A., Faulkner, M. E.
The "pet effect," whereby interaction with a companion animal reduces the physiological indices of stress, varies with respect to fear of animals, companion animal guardianship, type of companion animal, or types of stress. In this study, a non-clinical sample of 223 undergraduates underwent the...
Animal assisted therapies and dog welfare implicationsLe terapie assistite con gli animali e le eventuali implicazioni di benessere per il cane
| Contributor(s):: Papotti, F., Cannas, S., Talamonti, Z., Palestrini, C.
"Pet-therapy" is the therapeutic use of pets, the "healing potential" of the animal serving the human health. As reported in several studies, the contact with an animal, in addition to ensure the replacement of a missing affection, is particularly suited to promote inter-personal contacts giving...
Measuring the Stress Level of Students Preceding an Exam and Post Animal Interaction Through the Use of Salivary Cortisol
| Contributor(s):: Victoria Duback
Stress is a sensation that can be helpful in a dangerous situation but also very harmful in excess. The body naturally begins to fight off the stress response in order to try and diminish the negative effects that it causes in the body. There are many adverse effects to experiencing stress which...
Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust
| Contributor(s):: Benjamin A. Curry, Brianne Donaldson, Moana Vercoe, Matthew Filippo, Paul J. Zak
Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to...