The development of fault bars in domestic chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) increases with acute stressors and individual propensity: implications for animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Arrazola, A., Torrey, S.
Goat kids are not small calves: Species comparisons in relation to disbudding
Contributor(s):: Hempstead, M. N., Waas, J. R., Stewart, M., Sutherland, M. A.
Applying welfare science to bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
Contributor(s):: Clegg, I. L. K., Van Elk, C. E., Delfour, F.
Different responses of free-ranging wild guanacos (Lama guanicoe) to shearing operations: implications for better management practices in wildlife exploitation
Contributor(s):: Taraborelli, P., Torres, M. M., Gregorio, P. F., Moreno, P., Rago, V., Panebianco, A., Schroeder, N. M., Ovejero, R., Carmanchahi, P.
Body temperature upon mist-netting procedures in three species of migratory songbirds at a stopover site: implications for welfare
Contributor(s):: Maggini, I., Tahanitani, F. M., Cardinale, M., Fusani, L., Carere, C.
A review of factors affecting the welfare of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Contributor(s):: Santurtun, E., Broom, D. M., Phillips, C. J. C.
The effect of demonstrator social rank on the attentiveness and motivation of pigs to positively interact with their human caretakers
Contributor(s):: Luna, D., Gonzalez, C., Byrd, C. J., Palomo, R., Huenul, E., Figueroa, J.
Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol
Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.
The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the behavioural and physiological stress response of adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)
Contributor(s):: Ash, Hayley, Smith, Tessa E., Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.
The effect of premature maternal separation on distress vocalizations and activity in kittens (Felis catus) during a brief nest separation
Contributor(s):: Lowell, Kira J., Delgado, Mikel M., Mederos, Sabrina L., Bain, Melissa J.
It is unknown how premature maternal separation affects the responses of kittens to potentially stressful events. In the United States, thousands of kittens are orphaned each year due to death of the queen, neglect, or accidental separation by humans. Neonatal mammals emit distress calls and...
The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans
| Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete
The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...
Number of nearby visitors and noise level affect vigilance in captive koalas
| Contributor(s):: Larsen, Megan J., Sherwen, Sally L., Rault, Jean-Loup
Understanding human-animal interactions is particularly important for institutions that display animals to the public due to the frequent, and sometimes intense, interactions with unfamiliar humans. Past research has shown that visitors can have a negative impact on the welfare of a wide range of...
Linking cortisol responsiveness and aggressive behaviour in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata: Indication of divergent coping styles
| Contributor(s):: Castanheira, Maria Filipa, Herrera, Marcelino, Costas, Benjamín, Conceição, Luís E. C., Martins, Catarina I. M.
Farmed animals, including fish, often exhibit a pronounced individual variation in stress coping styles with proactive and reactive individuals differing in a variety of neuroendocrine and behavioural responses. In this study we disclosed that individual differences in cortisol responsiveness...
The effects of journey duration and space allowance on the behavioural and biochemical measurements of stress responses in suckling lambs during transport to an abattoir
| Contributor(s):: de la Fuente, Jesús, de Chávarri, Elisabeth González, Sánchez, Mónica, Vieira, Ceferina, Lauzurica, Sara, Díaz, Maria Teresa, Pérez, Concepción
To evaluate the effect of journey duration and space allowance on behavioural and physiological responses, 72 male suckling lambs were transported by road to the slaughterhouse using two transport times – short (around 40min) or long (around 4.75h) – and three different space allowances: 0.12...
Behavioural responses to hypoxia provide a non-invasive method for distinguishing between stress coping styles in fish
| Contributor(s):: Laursen, Danielle Caroline, L. Olsén, Hanna, Ruiz-Gomez, Maria de Lourdes, Winberg, Svante, Höglund, Erik
Two divergent behavioural and physiological response patterns to challenges have been identified in mammals and birds, frequently termed the proactive and reactive coping styles. In recent years, individually distinct coping styles have also been observed in several species of fish. These...
Contact with cows during the young age increases social competence and lowers the cardiac stress reaction in dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Buchli, Cornelia, Raselli, Alice, Bruckmaier, Rupert, Hillmann, Edna
Separating calf and cow within 24h after birth is common practice in dairy farms. Some dairy farmers, however, practice a rearing system in which the calves are nursed by their dam or by foster cows. We investigated if dairy calves reared in such a system (calves with cow-contact) differ in their...
Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka
In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
| Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
| Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...