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  1. Acute Stress Response of Sheep to Shearing Procedures: Dynamic Change of Cortisol Concentration and Protein Electrophoretic Pattern

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arfuso, Francesca, Fazio, Francesco, Chikhi, Lucas, Aymond, Guillaume, Piccione, Giuseppe, Giannetto, Claudia

    The current study aimed to investigate the influence of acute stress by shearing procedures on hematological parameters, serum cortisol concentration and serum protein electrophoretic pattern in Comisana sheep. A total of 20 not pregnant and not lactating adult ewes, aged 3–4 years old and...

  2. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    | Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  3. A Behavioral Index for Assessing Bison Stress Level during Handling and Demographic Predictors of Stress Response

    | Contributor(s):: Caven, Andrew J., Leung, Katie G., Vinton, Clara, Krohn, Brice, Wiese, Joshua D., Salter, Jacob, Ranglack, Dustin H.

  4. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  5. COVID 19 - induced stress in dogs owned by elderly people

    | Contributor(s):: Malancus, R. N.

  6. The development of fault bars in domestic chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) increases with acute stressors and individual propensity: implications for animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Arrazola, A., Torrey, S.

  7. Goat kids are not small calves: Species comparisons in relation to disbudding

    | Contributor(s):: Hempstead, M. N., Waas, J. R., Stewart, M., Sutherland, M. A.

  8. Applying welfare science to bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Clegg, I. L. K., Van Elk, C. E., Delfour, F.

  9. Different responses of free-ranging wild guanacos (Lama guanicoe) to shearing operations: implications for better management practices in wildlife exploitation

    | Contributor(s):: Taraborelli, P., Torres, M. M., Gregorio, P. F., Moreno, P., Rago, V., Panebianco, A., Schroeder, N. M., Ovejero, R., Carmanchahi, P.

  10. Body temperature upon mist-netting procedures in three species of migratory songbirds at a stopover site: implications for welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Maggini, I., Tahanitani, F. M., Cardinale, M., Fusani, L., Carere, C.

  11. A review of factors affecting the welfare of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

    | Contributor(s):: Santurtun, E., Broom, D. M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  12. The effect of demonstrator social rank on the attentiveness and motivation of pigs to positively interact with their human caretakers

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, D., Gonzalez, C., Byrd, C. J., Palomo, R., Huenul, E., Figueroa, J.

  13. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  14. The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the behavioural and physiological stress response of adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ash, Hayley, Smith, Tessa E., Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.

  15. The effect of premature maternal separation on distress vocalizations and activity in kittens (Felis catus) during a brief nest separation

    | Contributor(s):: Lowell, Kira J., Delgado, Mikel M., Mederos, Sabrina L., Bain, Melissa J.

    It is unknown how premature maternal separation affects the responses of kittens to potentially stressful events. In the United States, thousands of kittens are orphaned each year due to death of the queen, neglect, or accidental separation by humans. Neonatal mammals emit distress calls and...

  16. The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete

    The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...

  17. Number of nearby visitors and noise level affect vigilance in captive koalas

    | Contributor(s):: Larsen, Megan J., Sherwen, Sally L., Rault, Jean-Loup

    Understanding human-animal interactions is particularly important for institutions that display animals to the public due to the frequent, and sometimes intense, interactions with unfamiliar humans. Past research has shown that visitors can have a negative impact on the welfare of a wide range of...

  18. Linking cortisol responsiveness and aggressive behaviour in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata: Indication of divergent coping styles

    | Contributor(s):: Castanheira, Maria Filipa, Herrera, Marcelino, Costas, Benjamín, Conceição, Luís E. C., Martins, Catarina I. M.

    Farmed animals, including fish, often exhibit a pronounced individual variation in stress coping styles with proactive and reactive individuals differing in a variety of neuroendocrine and behavioural responses. In this study we disclosed that individual differences in cortisol responsiveness...

  19. The effects of journey duration and space allowance on the behavioural and biochemical measurements of stress responses in suckling lambs during transport to an abattoir

    | Contributor(s):: de la Fuente, Jesús, de Chávarri, Elisabeth González, Sánchez, Mónica, Vieira, Ceferina, Lauzurica, Sara, Díaz, Maria Teresa, Pérez, Concepción

    To evaluate the effect of journey duration and space allowance on behavioural and physiological responses, 72 male suckling lambs were transported by road to the slaughterhouse using two transport times – short (around 40min) or long (around 4.75h) – and three different space allowances: 0.12...

  20. Behavioural responses to hypoxia provide a non-invasive method for distinguishing between stress coping styles in fish

    | Contributor(s):: Laursen, Danielle Caroline, L. Olsén, Hanna, Ruiz-Gomez, Maria de Lourdes, Winberg, Svante, Höglund, Erik

    Two divergent behavioural and physiological response patterns to challenges have been identified in mammals and birds, frequently termed the proactive and reactive coping styles. In recent years, individually distinct coping styles have also been observed in several species of fish. These...