Influence of pet ownership on opinions towards the use of animals in biomedical research
Contributor(s):: Hagelin, J., Johansson, B., Hau, J., Carlsson, H. E.
The present study investigated the relationship between pet ownership and opinions on the use of animals in medical research. A questionnaire was answered by 484 schoolteacher students and 156 preschool teacher students from Uppsala University, Sweden [date not given]. Animal use was found to be...
Relations among need for power, affect and attitudes toward animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Oleson, J. C., Henry, B. C.
Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to...
Educating Young People to Change Lives and Protect Animals: An Interview with Debra Corbett
16 Mar 2015 |
Posted by Katie Carroll
Thinking back on our interactions with animals during our time as students, some of us remember a hamster incessantly running on the wheel in his cage in the corner of the classroom or maybe even a...
Attitudes of Australian and Turkish students of veterinary medicine toward nonhuman animals and their careers
Contributor(s):: Izmirli, S., Yigit, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
We examined attitudes toward nonhuman animal welfare and rights and career aspirations in Australian and Turkish veterinary students. A representative university was selected in each country, with 190 first- and third-year students sampled in each. Survey questions addressed attitudes toward...
Effects of field of study on university students' attitudes towards animal issues
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.
The field of study of university students may influence their attitudes towards animals, which in turn may influence their behaviour. Attitudes to animals in university students in eleven countries were obtained by survey, and the influence of field of study was evaluated after correcting for...
Heart rate variability during a working memory task: does touching a dog or person affect the response?
Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Stendahl, M., Fisk, A., Coglitore, V.
The presence of a dog has been associated with reduced responses to stressors in several, but not all, previous studies. The presence of a dog has also been related to improved performance on some cognitive tasks. The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of touching a dog on stress...
Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time
Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.
The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...
Mapping farm animal welfare education at university level in Europe
Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Melisova, M., Simeckova, M., Ilieski, V., Winckler, C., Kost'al, L., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Mihina, S., Spoolder, H., Fthenakis, G., Sarova, R., Spinka, M.
The aim of this study was to map farm animal welfare university education in an enlarged Europe with emphasis on identifying existing differences and gaps. Information on 210 courses dealing with farm animal welfare from 98 universities in 26 European countries were obtained. Statistical analysis...
Nonverbal communication and human-dog interaction
Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B.
Human-dog interaction relies to a large extent on nonverbal communication, and it is therefore plausible that human sensitivity to nonverbal signals affects interactions between human and dog. Experience with dogs is also likely to influence human-dog interactions, and it has been suggested that...
Feb 07 2015
Pennsylvania Veterinary Medical Association 11th Annual Winter Conference
Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy?
Contributor(s):: Hazel, S. J., Signal, T. D., Taylor, N.
The socioemotional effects of a computer-simulated animal on children’s empathy and humane attitudes.
Contributor(s):: Tsai, Yueh-Feng Lily, Kaufman, David M.
Fifth graders' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward habitat loss and landscape fragmentation
Contributor(s):: Tanner, Dawn
Education and outreach programs are important strategies for natural resource managers working to maintain and restore ecological processes and improve wildlife habitat. Program effectiveness can be improved by better understanding young people’s relationships to wildlife-habitat issues. A...
Sterilization of companion animals: exploring the attitudes and behaviors of Latino students in South Texas
Contributor(s):: Faver, C. A.
A sample of 131 Latino students attending a university in south Texas near the United States-Mexico border completed a self-administered questionnaire regarding their companion animals (pets). Compared with dog caregivers (owners) (n=106), cat caregivers (n=25) were significantly more likely to...
An investigation of the effects of a facility dog on student learning and the learning environment
Contributor(s):: Bradley, Jordana
Health-related quality of life and pet ownership among online university workers
Contributor(s):: Maynard, Pamela L.
The effect of dog-human interaction on cortisol and behavior in registered animal-assisted activity dogs
| Contributor(s):: Ng, Z. Y., Pierce, B. J., Otto, C. M., Buechner-Maxwell, V. A., Siracusa, C., Werre, S. R.
The effect of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on the animal participants has been minimally investigated, and the welfare of these animals has been questioned. To enhance our understanding of these animals' welfare, we measured cortisol collected from serial saliva samples of 15 healthy...
Acoustic signals of a dog and cat induce hemodynamic responses within the human brain
| Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kobayashi, A., Maruko, T., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of the human frontal cortex when listening to cat meows and dog barks, accompanied with a non-verbal pictorial using an affective rating system that assesses the dimensions of valence and arousal. Each participant (24 students; 12 females...
Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison
| Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.
Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...
Factors affecting the human interpretation of dog behavior
| Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B., Paul, E. S.
Several factors influence how we interpret the behavior of another individual. In the current study, we investigated the effect of level of animal empathy, as well as the level of experience with dogs, on the interpretation of dog behavior. Forty-seven veterinary students participated in the...