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  1. An epidemiologic study of the human bite

    Contributor(s):: John S Marr, Alan M. Beck, Joseph A. Lugo Jr.

    HUMAN BITES ARE A SERIOUS MEDICAL and surgical problem. A wide range of secondary consequenceshave been documented in the medical literature, including deformity, amputation, infection, transmissionof disease agents, and psychosexual aberrations. Recognition of the human bite as part of the...

  2. Animal companions and one-year survival of patients after discharge from a coronary care unit

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erika Friedmann, Aaron Honori Katcher, James Lynch, Sue Ann Thomas

    This study looked at the effects of social isolation and social support on the survival of patients whowere hospitalized in a CCU with a diagnosis of MI or angina pectoris (AP). Social factors have been reportedto account for some of the variation in the incidence of MI and AP (25,28), but...

  3. Attacks by Packs of Dogs Involving Predation on Human Beings

    | Contributor(s):: Peter L. Borchelt, Randall Lockwood, Alan M. Beck, Victoria L. Voith

    Dog bites are a medical problem for millions of people, children being the most common victims.Human deaths attributable to dog bite injury (not rabies) are relatively infrequent. There have beensome epidemiologic reviews, but this study is the first attempt to arrive at an understanding of...

  4. Medical costs and other aspects of dog bites in Baltimore

    | Contributor(s):: David R. Berzon, John B. DeHoff

    INJURIES CAUSED BY DOG BITES havegrown to epidemic proportions in recent yearsand are now of major public health significance.Animal bites may lead to dangerous viral andbacterial infections, such as rabies, pasteurellosis,and tetanus, and the injuries may result in permanentscars, severe...

  5. Prevalence and risk factors of feline leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus in peninsular Malaysia

    | Contributor(s):: F. Bande, S. Arshad, L. Hassan, Z. Zakaria, N. Sapian, N. Rahman, A. Alazway

    BackgroundFeline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) are major causes of morbidity and mortality in domestic and wild felids. Despite the clinical importance of feline retroviruses and the growing interest in cats as pets, information about FeLV and FIV in Malaysia is...

  6. Genetic diversity of canine olfactory receptors

    | Contributor(s):: S. Robin, S. Tacher, M. Rimbault, A. Vaysse, S. Dreano, C. Andre, C. Hitte, F. Galibert

    BackgroundEvolution has resulted in large repertoires of olfactory receptor (OR) genes, forming the largest gene families in mammalian genomes. Knowledge of the genetic diversity of olfactory receptors is essential if we are to understand the differences in olfactory sensory capability between...

  7. Summary of the Workshop on Harbor Porpoise Mortalities and Human Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Nancy J. Haley, Andrew J. Read

    Sixty-four harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)strandings were reported from Maine to North Carolina between January and June, 1993 (Table I, Figure I). Fifty of these harbor porpoises stranded in the Mid-Atlantic region (New York - North Carolina) between 23 February and IS May 1993 (Figures...

  8. Zoonotic and Emerging Diseases

    Welcome to the Zoonotic and Emerging Diseases research group, led by Prof Eric Fèvre. Our website aims to provide an outline of the work currently under way in our collaborative team. We are based at the Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool. At present, we are...

  9. Population Status of Gelada Baboon and Human-Wildlife Conflict in and around Denkoro Forest, Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Adem Mussa

    This study was aimed at determining population status of gelada baboon and human - wildlife conflict around Denkoro Forest. The study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009. The main objective was to find out gelada baboon population by age and sex classes. The second was to identify if...

  10. Seroepidemiological Study of Brucellosis in Humans and Dairy Cattle in Addis Ababa

    | Contributor(s):: Kassahun Jiksa

    Sero-epidemiological study of brucellosis was conducted on occupationally exposed humans and dairy cattle in Addis Ababa. A total of 336 human individuals were screened by Rose Bengal Plate Test. Those found to be positive were further subjected to 2-MET. Similarly, 552 sexually matured dairy...

  11. Habitat Use and Diet of Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) and Human-Carnivore Conflict in Guassa Community Conservation Area, Menz

    | Contributor(s):: Simeneh Getachew

    The study was aimed at revealing the day time habitat use and diet of golden jackal (Canis aureus) and human - carnivore conflict around Guassa-Menz Community Conservation Area. Data were collected from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Day time habitat use of golden jackal was recorded through focal...

  12. Human-Wildlife (The Ethiopian Wolf and Gelada Baboon) Conflict In and Around the Simien Mountains National Park

    | Contributor(s):: Yihune Mesele

    This study documents human-wildlife (the Ethiopian wolf and gelada baboon) conflict in and around the Simien Mountains National Park. Data were collected in between September, 2005 up to March, 2006 with fragmented short term stay by means of face-to-face questionnaire interview and by direct...

  13. Human-Wildlife Conflict Involving Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis) and Gelada Baboon (Theropithicus gelada) in and around Guassa Community Comservation Area, North Shoa, Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Andarge Engedasew

    A study on human - wildlife conflict involving Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) and gelada baboon (Theropithicus gelada) in and around Guassa Community Conservation Area was conducted from September, 2009 to May, 2010. The objective of this study was to fill information gap on human wildlife...

  14. Zoonotic Disease in Ohio: Surveillance, Preparation, and Response

    | Contributor(s):: Erik B. Balster

    This paper examines the state of public health preparation and response capacity to zoonotic infectious disease in the state of Ohio. A comprehensive literature review of zoonotic disease emergence and re-emergence, the National Veterinary Stockpile (NVS), the One Health Initiative, emergency...

  15. Prevalence of Potential Zoonotic Enteric Bacterial Pathogens in Dogs and Cats and Factors Associated with Potential Transmission Between Animals and Humans

    | Contributor(s):: Omaima Maamoun Ahmed

    With the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), concerns about dangers of pet ownership have increased. Zoonotic organisms associated with cats and dogs, may cause life-threatening infections in immuosuppressed human beings. The...

  16. Do Dogs Increase Learning? The Effect of Therapy Dogs on Academic Stress and Spanish Second Language Learning

    | Contributor(s):: Elaine Maralee Henry

    Numerous physiological changes occur during periods of high stress and learning Spanish as a second language in a classroom setting may induce significant levels of academic stress. A possible solution is the use of therapy dogs in second language classes since therapy dogs are known to lower...

  17. Animal Toxins and Human Disease: From Single Component to Venomics, from Biochemical Characterization to Disease mechanisms, from Crude Venom Utilization to Rational Drug Design

    | Contributor(s):: Qiu-Min Lu, Ren Lai, Yun Zhang

    Many animals produced a diversity of venoms and secretions to adapt the changes of environments through the long history of evolution. The components including a large quantity of specific and highly active peptides and proteins have become good research models for protein structure-function and...

  18. Companion animal welfare and possible implications on the human-pet relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Marina Verga, Manuela Michelazzi

    The role of pets (dogs and cats in particular) in human society has changed in recent years. Nowadays petsare an integral part of the human family and this aspect has many social and emotional implications. For theirpositive effects on human health, pets are also employed in some special and...

  19. Surveillance and Reporting of Zoonotic Diseases: Perception of Partnership and Communication Between and Among State Animal Health Officials and State Public Health Veterinarians

    | Contributor(s):: Kimberly L. Mcdonald, Steven G. Little, Angeleque Akin-Little

    The transmission of zoonotic diseases from wild and domestic animals to human beings is considered a global public health threat. Developing guidelines to establish communication between and among animal health and health public agencies is paramount. Constant monitoring of the exchange of...

  20. Linking Animal and Human Places: The Potential of Webcams for Species Companionship

    | Contributor(s):: Ike Kamphof

    This article investigates the ambiguous potential of webcameras, as they are currently being used by nature conservation societies to broadcast non-human animal life 24/7, for relationships of species companionship. The article presents a post-phenomenological analysis of structures of webcam...