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  1. Nutritional state and secondary compounds influence trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) intake by lambs

    Contributor(s):: Heroy, Kristen Y., St. Clair, Samuel B., Burritt, Elizabeth A., Durham, Susan L., Villalba, Juan J.

    The foraging ecology of mammalian herbivores is determined by plant secondary compounds (PSC) that defend plants against herbivory, by nutrients that are required for maintenance, growth, and reproduction, and by the interaction between these variables. In this study, we explored the influence of...

  2. Household Food Items Toxic to Dogs and Cats

    Contributor(s):: Cristina Cortinovis, Francesca Caloni

    Several foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption can be toxic to dogs and cats. Food-associated poisoning cases involving the accidental ingestion of chocolate and chocolate-based products, Allium spp. (onion, garlic, leek, and chives), macadamia nuts, Vitis...

  3. Técnicas reconstrutivas em cirurgia oncológica de canídeos e felídeos

    Contributor(s):: Alexandre Margarido Pargana

    Actualmente, a doença oncológica é uma das principais causas de morte em canídeos e felídeos. A cirurgia é o método mais antigo e, ainda hoje, de maior sucesso no tratamento de neoplasias, podendo também ser usada como método...

  4. Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting

    Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.

    Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...

  5. The anthropozoology of domestication for milk productionAnthropozoologie de la domestication laitiere

    Contributor(s):: Poplin, F.

    Milk draws its substance from a living being of flesh and blood and from plant matter full of scents, through a two-cycle digestive system and fermentation in vivo, that of ruminants, which are also animals that provide meat ("you drink my milk, you eat my meat"). The pig, the "outlaw" of...

  6. Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)

    Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.

    Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...

  7. Zinc phosphide rodenticide reduces cotton rat populations in Florida sugarcane

    Contributor(s):: Nicholas R. Holler, David G. Decker

    Rodents cause extensive damage to sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) in southern Florida (Samol 1972). Losses have been estimated as high as $235/ha (Lefebvre et al. 1978). Cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus) and roof rats (Rattus rattus) are responsible for most of the damage (Holler et al. 1981)....

  8. Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.

    I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...

  9. Potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya

    Contributor(s):: Waswa, F., Netondo, G., Maina, L., Naisiko, T., Wangamati, J.

    This study examines the potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt,Western Kenya. Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007...

  10. Sucking motivation and related problems in calves. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de

    Because the survival of young mammals depends on sucking success, it is assumed that sucking motivation must be strong and that sucking deprivation would result in frustration, which could have a negative impact on the animals' welfare. This concern, as well as that regarding cross-sucking...

  11. Taste threshold determination and side-preference in captive cockatiels ( Nymphicus hollandicus )

    Contributor(s):: Matson, K. D., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C.

    The taste thresholds of caged cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) for aqueous solutions of sodium chloride, citric acid, and sucrose were studied using two-choice taste-preference tests. The effects of location on the threshold were tested by putting the flavoured solution in either the preferred...

  12. Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.

    I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...

  13. The effects of diet and weaning method on the behaviour of young horses

    Contributor(s):: Nicol, C. J., Badnell-Waters, A. J., Bice, R., Kelland, A., Wilson, A. D., Harris, P. A.

  14. What components of milk stimulate sucking in calves?

    Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    To examine the role of the various components of milk in stimulating non-nutritive sucking, 4-18 week-old male dairy calves (N=10-15 in each experiment) were allowed to suck a dry teat after being given small quantities of milk or reconstituted milk and their sucking behaviour was observed. We...

  15. Effect of added sugar on preference and intake by sheep of hay cut in the morning versus the afternoon

    Contributor(s):: Burritt, E. A., Mayland, H. F., Provenza, F. D., Miller, R. L., Burns, J. C.

    Ruminants prefer hay cut in the afternoon to hay cut in the morning, presumably because hay cut in the afternoon contains higher concentrations of non-structural carbohydrates than hay cut in the morning. We determined if adding sugars (glucose and sucrose) to ground hay would account for...

  16. Murid stress odours: a review and a 'low tech' method of collection

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G. J., Dallaire, J., Ware, N.

    Stress cues can affect the welfare of animals in close proximity and are possibly useful non-invasive indicators of the emitters' welfare. To facilitate their study in murids, we tested whether rats' stress odours could be collected and stored using an enfleurage-type technique. 'Donor' rats were...

  17. Oral administration of a 12% sucrose solution did not decrease behavioural indicators of distress in piglets undergoing tail docking, teeth clipping and ear notching

    Contributor(s):: Rand, J. S., Noonan, G. J., Priest, J., Ainscow, J., Blackshaw, J. K.

    Sucrose has been shown to attenuate the behavioural response to painful procedures in human infants undergoing circumcision or blood collection via heelstick. Sucrose has also been found to have a behaviour-modifying effect in neonatal rats exposed to a hot plate. The effect was abolished in...