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  1. Experimental verification of the effects on normal domestic cats by feeding prescription diet for decreasing stress

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kato, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet on the feline stress response by measuring plasma and urinary cortisol. A study diet was developed with a unique combination of nutrients that supports the management of stressful situations. The specific formulation of the diet...

  2. Behavioral changes and feathering score in heat stressed broiler chickens fed diets containing different levels of propolis

    Contributor(s):: Mahmoud, U. T., Abdel-Rahman, M. A. M., Darwish, M. H. A., Applegate, T. J., Cheng, H.

    This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of green Brazilian propolis on behavioral patterns and feather condition of heat stressed broiler chickens. Five hundred and four (504) male Ross 708 broiler chicks at 15-day old were randomly allotted to six dietary...

  3. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  4. Entanglements-intimacy and nonhuman ethics

    Contributor(s):: Reinert, H.

    Drawing on ethnographic material from the Norwegian Arctic, this article explores issues of specificity, encounter, and emplacement in human-animal relations through the lens of modernizing indigenous reindeer pastoralism in the region. In turn, the main sections of the argument examine three...

  5. Calming benefit of short-term alpha-casozepine supplementation during acclimation to domestic environment and basic ground training of adult semi-feral ponies

    Contributor(s):: McDonnell, S. M., Miller, J., Vaala, W.

  6. Reduction in grass eating behaviours in the domestic dog, Canis familiaris , in response to a mild gastrointestinal disturbance

    Contributor(s):: McKenzie, S. J., Brown, W. Y., Price, I. R.

    Grass eating behaviour in the domestic dog may be related to gastrointestinal distress. To explore this theory, the current study observed grass eating behaviours in dogs fed a standard diet with and without supplementation of a fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS). The FOS diet temporarily induced...

  7. Dietary tryptophan supplementation in privately owned mildly anxious dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bosch, G., Beerda, B., Beynen, A. C., van der Borg, J. A. M., van der Poel, A. F. B., Hendriks, W. H.

    Food composition has been reported to influence mood and behaviour in humans and animals and it could help to reduce unwanted behaviour in dogs. Anxiety-related behaviour is associated with the functioning of the central serotonergic system and here it was investigated if dietary supplementation...

  8. Seasonal foraging behavioural compensation in reproductive wapiti hinds ( Cervus elaphus canadensis )

    Contributor(s):: Gedir, J. V., Hudson, R. J.

    Captive wapiti hinds were observed during seven periods between June 1996 and November 1997. We investigated their activity and foraging behaviour on two pastures, heavily and lightly grazed, during four phases of the reproductive cycle (early gestation, late gestation, peak lactation, and late...

  9. The influence of acidosis and live yeast ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae ) supplementation on time-budget and feeding behaviour of dairy goats receiving two diets of differing concentrate proportion

    Contributor(s):: Desnoyers, M., Giger-Reverdin, S., Sauvant, D., Bertin, G., Duvaux-Ponter, C.

    Increasing the percentage of concentrate in the diet can influence feeding behaviour of ruminants. It can also lead to subacute rumen acidosis and the addition of yeast to the rumen ecosystem might influence fermentation and subsequently help the ecosystem deal with the consequences of high...

  10. Swimming, grazing and social behaviour of rohu Labeo rohita (Hamilton) and common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.) in tanks under fed and non-fed conditions

    Contributor(s):: Rahman, M. M., Verdegem, M. C. J., Nagelkerke, L. A. J., Wahab, M. A., Verreth, J. A. J.

    Fish behaviour was monitored in 1-m2 tanks each stocked with three 67-g rohu (Labeo rohita). In addition, 80-g common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were stocked at 0, 1 or 2 fish per tank. All tanks were fertilized prior to stocking to stimulate natural food production. In addition, half of the tanks...

  11. Aggression in replacement grower and finisher gilts fed a short-term high-tryptophan diet and the effect of long-term human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Poletto, R., Meisel, R. L., Richert, B. T., Cheng, H. W., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    Aggression can be a major problem for swine production as it negatively impacts the pigs' health and welfare. Increasing tryptophan (TRP) intake to raise brain serotonin (5-HT) - key for aggression control, and long-term positive social handling can reduce stress in pigs. Objective was to...

  12. The effect of forage supplementation on the behaviour of grazing dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Leaver, J. D.

    In 3 experiments, the effect of offering conserved forage indoors to grazing dairy cows was examined. In experiment 1, hay was offered ad lib. for 45 min after morning milking. In experiments 2 (early season) and 3 (late season), silage was offered ad lib. either after morning milking or...

  13. The effect of forage supplementation, herbage height and season on the ingestive behaviour of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Hecheimi, K.

    In 2 experiments, in the early (May-July) and the late (Aug.-Oct.) part of the grazing season, the effect of offering 1st and 3rd cut silages to Friesian dairy cows continuously grazed at 4 or 8 cm herbage height was investigated. There were no effects of silage type on ingestive behaviour....

  14. Social relationships in N'dama cattle during supplementary feeding

    | Contributor(s):: Kabuga, J. D.

    Social relationships of 30 N'dama cows during supplementary feeding, post-grazing, were studied over 1.5 years. Dominance ranks determined during idling and feeding periods were strongly correlated (Spearman's rank correlation (rs=0.964), P

  15. Expression of the regulation of energy balance on the ingestive behavior of grazing beef cattle supplemented by grain

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Bradley, N. W., Cornelius, P. L., Lauriault, L. M.

    In a 4 x 4 cross-over designed experiment, the effects of supplementation with maize grain 0, 2.5 and 5.0 kg daily to 12 tethered Angus heifers given basal grain 2.5 kg daily and grazing summer regrowth Dactylis glomerata pastures were estimated. Maize grain had no direct effect on ingestive...

  16. Feeding behaviour of yaks on spring, transitional, summer and winter pasture in the alpine region of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau

    | Contributor(s):: Ding, LuMing, Long, RuiJun, Shang, ZhanHuan, Wang, ChangTing, Yang, YuHai, Xu, SongHe

    Of the present estimated world population of 14.2 million yaks, approximately 13.3 million occur within Chinese territories (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2003). Although there is an extensive bibliography covering the species, few studies have been conducted in the...

  17. Peripartum health and welfare of Holstein-Friesian cows in a confinement-TMR system compared to a pasture-based system

    | Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Mee, J. F., Hanlon, A., Patton, J., Murphy, J. J., Boyle, L.

    The greatest challenge to the welfare of dairy cows occurs in the peripartum period. Given the perception that cow welfare is better in more natural environments, it was hypothesised that cows in a PASTURE-based production system (cubicle housing with grass silage pre-partum and rotational...