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  1. Effects of different systems of feeding supplements on time budgets of cows grazing restricted pasture allowances

    Contributor(s):: Hetti Arachchige, Anoma D., Fisher, Andrew D., Auldist, Martin J., Wales, William J., Jongman, Ellen C.

    Farm systems that use a feed-pad for delivering mixed-rations to dairy cows are becoming more common in countries with primarily pasture-based dairy systems, such as Australia. However, feeding a ration on a feed-pad may alter cows’ key daily behaviours such as grazing, ruminating and resting,...

  2. Location of supplementary feed and water troughs on the sward affects movement and spatial distribution of Brahman cattle (Bos indicus)

    Contributor(s):: Solano, Jaime, Averós, Xavier, Clemente, Neftalí, Aguirre, Virginio, Estevez, Inma, Orihuela, Agustín

    The grazing dynamics of animals differ depending on whether they are raised on rangeland or sward areas. Grazing patterns of cattle raised on rangeland can be modified by the location of supplement feed and water troughs. However, no information about the use of this strategy is available for...

  3. Consumption of whole cottonseed by white-tailed deer and nontarget species

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, Benjamin D., Lyons, Eddie K., Rollins, Dale, Scott, Cody B., Huston, James E., Taylor, Charles A.

  4. Cool down hot sports

    Contributor(s):: Hofve, Jean

  5. Natural pet. the no. 1 pet nutrient

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Ernie

  6. Pet supplement guide

    Contributor(s):: Tweed, Vera

  7. Simple solutions

  8. Trends, Theories, and Treatments for Autism

    Contributor(s):: Horowitz, Sala

  9. Pre-feeding behaviour in UK leisure horses and associated feeding routine risk factors

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    Many horses display unwanted behaviour prior to receiving concentrate feed or forage. These behaviours have received relatively little scientific attention as a distinct group of equine behaviour problems and risk factors for their performance have not been quantified. The objective of this study...

  10. A note on the cecotrophy behavior in capybara ( Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris )

    Contributor(s):: Mendes, A., Nogueira, S. S. da C., Lavorenti, A., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.

    Six adult capybaras (56 kg) were placed in individual pens and observed for 96 serial hours. During this period a behavioural pattern believed to consist of caecotrophy was observed 243 times. Animals sat on their hind limbs, stretched either limb out, bent over driving their heads in the...

  11. Long-term effects of tryptophan on behavioural response and growing-furring performance in silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Rouvinen, K., Archbold, S., Laffin, S., Harri, M.

    The effects of dietary tryptophan (TRP) supplementation on behavioural response, body weight, feed intake and winter fur development were assessed in silver fox pups from 28 July until 5 December 1997. Ten males and 10 females received a commercial fox ration (control) and 10 males and 10 females...

  12. Effect of a supplement rich in linolenic acid, added to the diet of gestating and lactating goats, on the sensitivity to stress and learning ability of their offspring

    Contributor(s):: Duvaux-Ponter, C., Rigalma, K., Roussel-Huchette, S., Schawlb, Y., Ponter, A. A.

    The requirements for polyunsaturated fatty acids during brain development are high and in certain situations supply may be inadequate. Numerous studies in rodents have shown that a diet rich in linolenic acid improves learning ability and modifies emotional reactivity of offspring. Thirty-two...

  13. Distance traveled by free-ranging supplemented and non-supplemented lactating and non-lactating cows

    Contributor(s):: Rouda, R. R., Anderson, D. M., Murray, L. W., Smith, J. N.

    Daily travel of protein supplemented and non-supplemented lactating and non-lactating mature (>4 yr of age) Santa Gertrudis X Hereford and Hereford X Santa Gertrudis crossbred cows was estimated between 29 May and 18 Aug. 1986. The study was conducted on semi-desert rangeland in S.-Central New...

  14. Effects of sward height and concentrate supplementation on the ingestive behaviour of spring-calving dairy cows grazing grass-clover swards

    Contributor(s):: Rook, A. J., Huckle, C. A., Penning, P. D.

    48 lactating, spring-calving, multiparous, Holstein-Friesian cows, continuously stocked on mixed grass-clover swards, were blocked by calving date, parity and milk yields in week 2 of lactation and randomly allocated to 6 treatments: concentrate supplements 0 and 4 kg/day at sward heights of 40,...

  15. Provision of straw as a foraging substrate reduces the development of excessive chain and bar manipulation in food restricted sows

    Contributor(s):: Spoolder, H. A. M., Burbidge, J. A., Edwards, S. A., Simmins, P. H., Lawrence, A. B.

    In a 2 x 2 factorial design, 96 gilts, 1 to 3 weeks post-service, were given feed 1.8 kg (23 MJ; low, L) or 3.2 kg/day (40 MJ; high, H) without and with a foraging substrate (S, straw; N, no straw). The gilts were in loose housing in groups of 6 with individual stalls. A 70-cm chain loop was...

  16. Social hierarchy affects the adaption of pregnant sows to a call feeding learning paradigm

    Contributor(s):: Manteuffel, G., Mannewitz, A., Manteuffel, C., Tuchscherer, A., Schrader, L.

    The aim of the study was to test whether adult sows are able to learn an individual acoustic signal for call-feeding in groups supplied with an electronic feeder. Further, we investigated whether and how the social rank of sows affects learning success. Thirty-six sows were examined in 6...

  17. The effect of forage supplementation on the behaviour of grazing dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Leaver, J. D.

    In 3 experiments, the effect of offering conserved forage indoors to grazing dairy cows was examined. In experiment 1, hay was offered ad lib. for 45 min after morning milking. In experiments 2 (early season) and 3 (late season), silage was offered ad lib. either after morning milking or...

  18. The effect of forage supplementation, herbage height and season on the ingestive behaviour of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Hecheimi, K.

    In 2 experiments, in the early (May-July) and the late (Aug.-Oct.) part of the grazing season, the effect of offering 1st and 3rd cut silages to Friesian dairy cows continuously grazed at 4 or 8 cm herbage height was investigated. There were no effects of silage type on ingestive behaviour....

  19. Vitamin A metabolism in recessive white canaries

    Contributor(s):: Wolf, P., Bartels, T., Sallmann, H. P., Heisler, K., Kamphues, J.

    In recent years, a possible defect in vitamin A metabolism in recessive white canaries (Serinus canaria) has been repeatedly discussed. It has widely been accepted that a reduced absorption of carotenoids from the small intestine results in an insufficient synthesis of vitamin A. Moreover, the...