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  1. Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers

    Contributor(s):: Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.

    Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...

  2. Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.

    This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...

  3. Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.

    Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...

  4. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

    Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.

    Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...

  5. Behaviour epigenetics - the connection between environment, stress and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    Epigenetics refers to chemical modifications of DNA, which do not change the base-pair sequence. This involves, for example, methylation of cytosine and different alterations in histone chemistry. Such modifications affect how genes are expressed and can occur as a response to stress, mediated by...

  6. Conditioned placebo effect in dogs decreases separation related behaviours

    Contributor(s):: Sumegi, Z., Gacsi, M., Topal, J.

    In humans, placebo effect can be produced by giving verbal information and also by conditioning when, after repeated administration of an active substance, an inactive compound that just looks like the drug administered before, can produce the effect of the active substance. Conditioned placebo...

  7. Behavioural testing to determine differences between coping styles in grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus erithacus) with and without feather damaging behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Zeeland, Y. R. A. van, Aa, M. M. J. A. van der, Vinke, C. M., Lumeij, J. T., Schoemaker, N. J.

  8. A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.

  9. Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von

  10. Comparison of susceptibility to antimicrobials of bacterial isolates from companion animals in a veterinary diagnostic laboratory in Canada between 2 time points 10 years apart

    Contributor(s):: Simon Authier, Dominique Paquette, Olivia Labrecque, Serge Messier

    The susceptibility to antimicrobials of bacterial species most frequently isolated from companion animals in a veterinary teaching diagnostic laboratory was evaluated retrospectively. A significant decrease between 1990–1992 and 2002–2003 was noted in the susceptibility of dog isolates to the...

  11. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in resident animals of a long-term care facility

    Contributor(s):: Coughlan, K., Olsen, K. E., Boxrud, D., Bender, J. B.

    Animals provide benefits to elderly and chronically ill people by decreasing loneliness, increasing social interactions, and improving mental health. As a result, many hospitals and long-term care facilities allow family pets to visit ill or convalescing patients or support animal-assisted...

  12. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  13. The effect of owning animals on perceived vulnerability to, and avoidance of, parasitic diseases in humans

    Contributor(s):: Prokop, Pavol, Fan?ovi?ová, Jana

  14. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human-animal interface

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, K. A., McNutt, J. W.

    Although human behavior is frequently cited as a factor influencing the emergence of disease at the human-animal interface, few empirical studies have demonstrated this relationship. We compare humans and their domestic animals living in close proximity to populations of the endangered African...

  15. Phenotyping mouse chromosome substitution strains reveal multiple QTLs for febrile seizure susceptibility

    Contributor(s):: Hessel, E. V. S., van Gassen, K. L. I., Wolterink-Donselaar, I. G., Stienen, P. J., Fernandes, C., Brakkee, J. H., Kas, M. J. H., de Graan, P. N. E.

  16. Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.

    This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...

  17. Relevance of brain and behavioural lateralization to animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rogers, L. J.

    The left and right sides of the brain are specialised to process information in different ways and to control different categories of behaviour. Research on a range of species has shown that the left hemisphere controls well-established patterns of behaviour performed in non-stressful situations,...

  18. Testing a model for predicting primate crop-raiding using crop- and farm-specific risk values

    Contributor(s):: Nijman, V., Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Crop-raiding by primates is increasingly known to cause conflict between humans and primates, and due to their opportunism, adaptability, intelligence and manipulative abilities, primates can be significant agricultural pests. Levels of crop-raiding are dependent on time of year, crop type, size...

  19. Effect of dietary fibre type on physical activity and behaviour in kennelled dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bosch, G., Beerda, B., Hoek, E. van de, Hesta, M., Poel, A. F. B. van der, Janssens, G. P. J., Hendriks, W. H.

    Dog diets may differ in their effectiveness of maintaining satiety after a meal. Consequently, sensations of hunger, feeding motivation, physical activity, and sensitivity to environmental stressors may be increased. Dietary fibre may be effective in prolonging postprandial satiety depending on...

  20. Interfacing genetics, behavior and husbandry in White Leghorns presented with E. coli challenge

    Contributor(s):: Mauldin, J. M., Siegel, P. B., Gross, W. B.

    Female fowls from the 3rd and 4th generations of lines which had undergone selection for persistence and non-persistence of antibody production to sheep erythrocytes were reared as floor flocks to 134 or 242 days of age, and were then reared singly in cages. At 295 or 394 days of age, females...