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Relationship between growth rate and oral manipulation, social nosing, and aggression in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Camerlink, Irene, Bijma, Piter, Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
Pigs may affect each other's health, welfare and productivity through their behaviour. The effect of a pig on the growth rate of its pen mates is partly heritable and is referred to as its social genetic effect. Social genetic effects, also known as indirect genetic effects, have been found in a...
Effect of genetic homogeneity on behavioural variability in an object recognition test in cloned Göttingen minipigs
Contributor(s):: Søndergaard, Lene Vammen, Herskin, Mette S., Ladewig, Jan, Holm, Ida Elisabeth, Dagnæs-Hansen, Frederik
The number of animals used in research should be limited as much as possible. Among cloned animals, genetic variation is minimal and to the extent that behaviour is genetically determined inter-individual variability is expected to be higher among naturally bred animals. However, the cloning...
The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)
Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, Anna, Bräuer, Juliane, Cacchione, Trix, Zickert, Nele, Amici, Federica
Domesticated animals show physical, behavioural and cognitive differences from their closest wild relatives. This may have resulted from the former's long and continued selection by humans throughout history, but in some cases it could just reflect developmental differences between wild and...
Surveillance for respiratory and diarrheal pathogens at the human-pig interface in Sarawak, Malaysia
| Contributor(s):: Laura K. Borkenhagen, Kerry A. Mallinson, Rick W. Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D. Anderson, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Sarah E. Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G. Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F. Lowe, Kristen K. Coleman, Gregory C. Gray
Background The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. Objectives To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV,...
The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers
The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...
Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review
| Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel
Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...
Independent Study 490A: Positive Reinforcement Training Piglets to Stand in a Container and Follow a Human
| Contributor(s):: Adrianne R. Kaiser, Anna K. Johnson, Jason W. Ross, Joshua T. Selsby, Kenneth J. Stalder
The Department of Animal Science within the biomedical research area is using the pig as a model for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the leading, fatal, X-linked disease, affecting 1:3,500 male births worldwide. Two tests require the pigs afflicted with...
Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...
The Theoretical Application and Comparison of the Olfactory Sensory Organs in Swine vs Canines for Accelerant and Explosives Detection
| Contributor(s):: Naomi M. Sigler
Swine may be able to work alongside scent detection canines, or replace them completely, in the scent detection field. Miniature pigs are the focus of this study since their larger counterparts can cause damage to potential evidence and to the scene itself. Ignitable Liquid Residues (ILRs) are...
Texas 4-H Swine Project Guide
| Contributor(s):: Jodi Sterle
This guide for 4-H members explains how to select a good animal, build proper facilities, manage an animal's feeding and nutritional requirements, and take care of health concerns. There is also information on training and showing a pig.
A Comparison of Three Animal Welfare Assessment Programs on Canadian Swine Farms
| Contributor(s):: Ashley Nicole Roberts
Standard measures used in animal welfare assessments include animal-based measures obtained by observing animals, resource-based measures obtained by observing facilities, and management-based measures obtained by interviewing farmers and checking records. Animal welfare assessments are composed...
Gene-edited 'micropigs' to be sold as pets at Chinese institute
| Contributor(s):: Cyranoski, D.
Configuring the authentic value of real food : farm-to-fork, snout-to-tail, and local food movements
| Contributor(s):: Weiss, Brad
Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.
We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...
Genetic analysis of the individual pig behaviour in backtests and human approach tests
| Contributor(s):: Scheffler, K., Stamer, E., Traulsen, I., Krieter, J.
The most recent development in pig production has focused increasingly on the well-being of the individual pig and animal-friendly housing conditions, i.e. the launch of the group housing of sows in the EU. In this regard, however, standard procedures which may be stressful to the animals and...
Evidence of multiple virulence subtypes in nosocomial and community-associated MRSA genotypes in companion animals from the upper midwestern and northeastern United States
| Contributor(s):: Lin, Y., Barker, E., Kislow, J., Kaldhone, P., Stemper, M. E., Pantrangi, M., Moore, F. M., Hall, M., Fritsche, T. R., Novicki, T., Foley, S. L., Shukla, S. K.
Phylogenetic analysis of 626 hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolates from humans and animals in China (1986-2011) showing genotype diversity and zoonotic transmission
| Contributor(s):: Liu, P., Li, L., Wang, L., Bu, Q., Fu, H., Han, J., Zhu, Y., Lu, F., Zhuang, H.
A combination of behavioral and physiological indicators for assessing pig welfare on the farm
| Contributor(s):: Candiani, D., Salamano, G., Mellia, E., Doglione, L., Bruno, R., Toussaint, M., Gruys, E.
The purpose of this research was to identify pig welfare indicators that could help in recognizing stressful practices on farm. The study evaluated behavioral and physiological indicators (cortisol and negative acute phase proteins) in 2 groups of 20 female pigs 4 months old after a 48-hr...
A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances
| Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.
Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...
Aggressive behavior in two different group-housing systems for pregnant sows
| Contributor(s):: Chapinal, N., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Cerisuelo, A., Gasa, J., Baucells, M. D., Manteca, X.
The study housed 120 pregnant sows from Day 29 of pregnancy to 1 week before parturition either in groups of 10 with trickle feeding (TRICKLE) or in groups of 20 with an unprotected electronic sow feeding (FITMIX). The study recorded aggressive interaction on 11 nonconsecutive days. Frequency of...