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  1. Surveillance for respiratory and diarrheal pathogens at the human-pig interface in Sarawak, Malaysia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura K. Borkenhagen, Kerry A. Mallinson, Rick W. Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D. Anderson, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Sarah E. Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G. Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F. Lowe, Kristen K. Coleman, Gregory C. Gray

    Background The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. Objectives To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV,...

  2. When pigs fly: emotional support animals, service dogs and the politics of legitimacy across species boundaries

    | Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.

  3. The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers

    The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...

  4. Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel

    Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...

  5. Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...

  6. Gene-edited 'micropigs' to be sold as pets at Chinese institute

    | Contributor(s):: Cyranoski, D.

  7. Configuring the authentic value of real food : farm-to-fork, snout-to-tail, and local food movements

    | Contributor(s):: Weiss, Brad

  8. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  9. Genetic analysis of the individual pig behaviour in backtests and human approach tests

    | Contributor(s):: Scheffler, K., Stamer, E., Traulsen, I., Krieter, J.

    The most recent development in pig production has focused increasingly on the well-being of the individual pig and animal-friendly housing conditions, i.e. the launch of the group housing of sows in the EU. In this regard, however, standard procedures which may be stressful to the animals and...

  10. Evidence of multiple virulence subtypes in nosocomial and community-associated MRSA genotypes in companion animals from the upper midwestern and northeastern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Lin, Y., Barker, E., Kislow, J., Kaldhone, P., Stemper, M. E., Pantrangi, M., Moore, F. M., Hall, M., Fritsche, T. R., Novicki, T., Foley, S. L., Shukla, S. K.

  11. Phylogenetic analysis of 626 hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolates from humans and animals in China (1986-2011) showing genotype diversity and zoonotic transmission

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, P., Li, L., Wang, L., Bu, Q., Fu, H., Han, J., Zhu, Y., Lu, F., Zhuang, H.

  12. Scientists' assessment of the impact of housing and management on animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Anonymous

    A total of 22 scientists contributed to a consensus-oriented conceptual framework for assessment of farm animal welfare, addressing priority issues in cattle, pigs, and chickens. They used the Delphi method, in which participants contributed anonymously through e-mail. The framework puts welfare...

  13. Feeder use patterns in group-housed pregnant sows fed with an unprotected electronic sow feeder (Fitmix)

    | Contributor(s):: Chapinal, N., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Cerisuelo, A., Baucells, M. D., Gasa, J., Manteca, X.

    Previous studies on feeder use in group-housed pregnant sows focused on dynamic groups and protected electronic sow feeders (ESF). This study observed 60 pregnant sows, 1st to 8th parity - housed from Day 29 of pregnancy to 1 week before parturition in stable groups of 20 animals, 1 Fitmix feeder...

  14. Can ambient sound reduce distress in piglets during weaning and restraint?

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.

    This study monitored the vocal responses of piglets, as indicators of well-being, to evaluate the effect of various sounds played during 2 simulations of stressful farm procedures: (a) the 5 min the animals were held as if for castration and (b) the first 20 h after weaning. The sound treatments...

  15. Differences in open field behavior between heterozygous and homozygous negative gilts for the RYR(1) gene

    | Contributor(s):: Fabrega, E., Diestre, A., Font, J., Carrion, D., Velarde, A., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.

    A test widely used to assess fear and novelty responses in domestic species is the open field. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of RYR(1) genotype on open field behavior in growing pigs. The study subjected 15 heterozygous (Nn) and 15 RYR(1)-free (NN) gilts of 19 weeks of age...

  16. Hoop housing for feeder pigs offers a welfare-friendly environment compared to a nonbedded confinement system

    | Contributor(s):: Lay, D. C., Jr., Haussmann, M. F., Daniels, M. J.

    A nonbedded confinement system (NBCS) was compared with hoop structures (Hoop) for housing of feeder pigs. The Hoop is an inexpensive alternative to the total confinement system. Open-ended Quonsets shaped like a half cylinder lying on its flat side, the Hoop use bedding to keep the pigs dry and...

  17. Segregated Early Weaning and Welfare of Piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Robert, Suzanne

    Focuses on the key features of segregated early weaning (SEW) and main welfare issues involved in raising piglets in the United States. Effects of early weaning on behavior and well-being of piglets; Behavioral response of piglets weaned at different ages; Comparison between the effects of SEW...

  18. The effect of environmental manipulation on behavior, salivary cortisol, and growth of piglets weaned at 14 days of age

    | Contributor(s):: Rodarte, L. F., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F., Romano, M. C., Valdez, R. A.

    Environmental enrichment can be a useful tool to reduce belly nosing behaviors in early weaned piglets. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of environmental enrichment on behavior, salivary cortisol, and productivity of piglets weaned at 14 days of age. The study assigned 112 piglets...

  19. Production costs and animal welfare for four stylized hog production systems

    | Contributor(s):: Seibert, L., Norwood, F. B.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is arguably the most contentious issue facing the hog industry. Animal advocacy groups influence the regulation of hog farms and induce some consumers to demand more humane pork products. Hog producers are understandably reluctant to improve animal well being unless the...

  20. Do domestic pigs in controlled environments contrafreeload?

    | Contributor(s):: Young, R. J., Lawrence, A. B.

    Many experiments report that animals will work (lever press) for food in the presence of freely available identical food. This phenomenon has attracted the attention of applied ethologists because it seems to prove that animals have a need to express appetitive behaviour. If this is the case,...