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  1. Between-task consistency, temporal stability and the role of posture in simple reach and fishing hand preference in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)

    Contributor(s):: Díaz, Sergio, Murray, Lindsay, Roberts, Sam G. B., Rodway, Paul

  2. The effect of the presence and familiarity of a dog on people's performance of a stressful task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lyn Brown

    The purpose of the current study was to test whether the familiarity of a dog affects a person’s stress and task performance on a stressful task. Pets can improve people’s health mentally, physically, and socially. Dogs can lower people’s stress. This stress-reduction effect...

  3. Two assays of working memory in companion dogs: The holeboard and disappearing object tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, Melissa, Murrell, Joanna C., Mendl, Michael

  4. Juvenile pigs use simple geometric 2D shapes but not portrait photographs of conspecifics as visual discriminative stimuli

    | Contributor(s):: Gieling, Elise T., Musschenga, Maartje A., Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, F. Josef

    Several animals living in social groups, such as monkeys, cows and sheep, have been shown to use facial discrimination for social recognition. Whether pigs can discriminate between faces of conspecifics purely based on visual stimuli provided by 2D portrait photographs, has not yet been...

  5. The ability of horses to learn an instrumental task through social observation

    | Contributor(s):: Ahrendt, Line Peerstrup, Christensen, Janne Winther, Ladewig, Jan

    The ability of horses to learn through social observation may ease the implementation of new management systems, because the use of automatic feeders etc. by naive horses could be facilitated by observation of experienced horses. However, previous studies found no documentation for observational...

  6. Effects of a trained mobility assistance dog on upper extremity muscular effort during wheelchair propulsion on tiled and carpeted floors in individuals with a spinal cord injury

    | Contributor(s):: Martin-Lemoyne, V., Vincent, C., Boutros, G. E. H., Routhier, F., Gagnon, D. H.

  7. Exploratory Investigation of Infrared Thermography for Measuring Gorilla Emotional Responses to Interactions with Familiar Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heintz, M. R., Fuller, G., Allard, S.

  8. Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice

    | Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.

  9. Human Demonstration Does Not Facilitate the Performance of Horses (Equus caballus) in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joan-Bryce Burla, Janina Siegwart, Christian Nawroth

    Horses were confronted with a spatial problem-solving task in which they had to detour an obstacle. Individuals that observed a human demonstrating how to solve the task did not solve the task more often or faster compared with a control group without demonstration. However, horses of both the...

  10. Service Dogs and How They Help Human Beings

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Ercoli Schnitzer

    Service animals are animals that are individually trained to perform tasks for people with disabilities such as guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling wheelchairs, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, or performing other special tasks. Service...

  11. Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot

    Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...

  12. To What Extent Can the Use of a Mobility Assistance Dog Reduce Upper Limb Efforts When Manual Wheelchair Users Ascend a Ramp?

    | Contributor(s):: Martin-Lemoyne, Valérie, Gagnon, Dany H., Routhier, François, Poissant, Lise, Tousignant, Michel, Corriveau, Hélène, Vincent, Claude

  13. Factors governing risk of cougar attacks on humans

    | Contributor(s):: Mattson, D., Logan, K., Sweanor, L.

  14. The presence of a dog attenuates cortisol and heart rate in the Trier Social Stress Test compared to human friends

    | Contributor(s):: Polheber, John, Matchock, Robert

  15. Children's preferences for infantile features in dogs and cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli

    A number of authors suggest that children exhibit a natural interest towards animals, and different intervention programs have shown the presence of an animal being able to increase children's attentiveness and motivation levels. Nonetheless, few research efforts have been devoted to the...

  16. The Effects of a Dog Reading Visitation Program on Academic Engagement Behavior in Three Elementary Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities: A Single Case Design

    | Contributor(s):: Bassette, Laura, Taber-Doughty, Teresa

  17. Does dog-human attachment affect their inter-specific cooperation?

    | Contributor(s):: Naderi, S., Miklosi, A., Doka, A., Csanyi, V.