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  1. Perception of the importance of human-animal interactions on cattle flow and worker safety on Minnesota dairy farms

    Contributor(s):: Sorge, U. S., Cherry, C., Bender, J. B.

    Proper cattle-handling techniques (stockmanship) are important to ensure calm animals and a safe work environment for dairy workers on farm. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess Minnesota dairy herd owners' attitudes toward stockmanship, its perceived importance for cow comfort and...

  2. Pre-feeding behaviour in UK leisure horses and associated feeding routine risk factors

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    Many horses display unwanted behaviour prior to receiving concentrate feed or forage. These behaviours have received relatively little scientific attention as a distinct group of equine behaviour problems and risk factors for their performance have not been quantified. The objective of this study...

  3. An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.

    This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some practitioners have...

  4. Animal suffering: representations and the act of looking

    Contributor(s):: Aaltola, E.

    Animal advocacy uses images of nonhuman suffering as a form of normative rhetoric and a method of persuasion. Although much attention has been given to various facets of the depiction of human suffering, images of animal suffering have, to a large extent, escaped closer scrutiny. This paper seeks...

  5. Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature

    Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.

    There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....

  6. Assessment of ridden horse behavior

    Contributor(s):: Hall, C., Huws, N., White, C., Taylor, E., Owen, H., McGreevy, P.

    Assessments of the behavior of ridden horses form the basis of performance evaluation. The purpose of any performance being evaluated will determine the factors considered important, factors indicative of "poor" performance, and what makes a successful equine athlete. Currently, there is no...

  7. Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)

    Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.

    Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...

  8. Can animal-based welfare assessment be simplified? A comparison of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle and the simpler and less time-consuming protocol developed by the Danish Cattle Federation

    Contributor(s):: Andreasen, S. N., Sandoe, P., Forkman, B.

    Welfare assessment protocols using primarily animal-based measures are believed to give valid information about the welfare of animals. However, they tend to be time consuming and therefore costly, thus in practice there is often considerable reluctance to use them. In the present study, the...

  9. Clinical feasibility of cognitive testing in dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Heckler, M. C. T., Tranquilim, M. V., Svicero, D. J., Barbosa, L., Amorim, R. M.

    Several cognitive tests have been developed to evaluate specific aspects of human and animal learning and memory. These tests have been used for early detection of cognitive deficits and to monitor the treatment of dogs with cognitive impairment. Thus, this article evaluated the feasibility of...

  10. Decreasing dog problem behavior with functional analysis: linking diagnoses to treatment

    Contributor(s):: Dorey, N. R., Tobias, J. S., Udell, M. A. R., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Behavioral problems in dogs account for nearly half of the reasons given for relinquishing them to shelters, and thus constitute a significant animal welfare issue. Any successful attempt to manage these problems will require an understanding of the mechanisms that control these behaviors....

  11. Development of a novel paradigm for the measurement of olfactory discrimination in dogs ( Canis familiaris): a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGrath, C., McGreevy, P. D., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Olfactory dysfunction in older human beings has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, yet age-related changes in olfactory behavior have received little attention in the dog model of human aging. We developed an odor habituation and fine odor discrimination...

  12. Does the current regulation of assisted reproductive techniques in the UK safeguard animal welfare?

    Contributor(s):: Campbell, M. L. H.

    Reproductive medicine is one of the fastest developing fields of veterinary medicine. Regulation of veterinary-assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) is currently divided between the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act (1986), the Veterinary Surgeons Act (1966), and the Animal Welfare Act...

  13. Effects of 2 training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog ( Canis familiaris) and on the dog-owner relationship

    Contributor(s):: Deldalle, S., Gaunet, F.

    Instrumental learning plays an important role in dog-human interactions. The recent demand for pet dog training has resulted in the development of various training methods. The present exploratory study aims to compare the effects of 2 training methods on both the behavioral welfare of the dog...

  14. Equine gatekeepers, animal narratives and foxhunting landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Acton, A.

    Firstly, this paper analyzes the dynamic between horse, rider, and landscape in foxhunting culture. Secondly, it considers nonhuman animals as active elements within the research process. The methodology principally involved extensive, in-depth participation as a rider within mounted foxhound...

  15. Equine stereotypic behaviors: causation, occurrence, and prevention

    Contributor(s):: Sarrafchi, A., Blokhuis, H. J.

    There are strong suggestions that equine stereotypies are connected to poor welfare and a suboptimal management and/or stabling environment. Different forms of equine stereotypic behaviors have been described. Crib biting, weaving, and box walking are considered the most prevalent. Several...

  16. Estimating the economic value of Australian stock herding dogs

    Contributor(s):: Arnott, E. R., Early, J. B., Wade, C. M., McGreevy, P. D.

    This study aimed to estimate the value of the typical Australian herding dog in terms of predicted return on investment. This required an assessment of the costs associated with owning herding dogs and estimation of the work they typically perform. Data on a total of 4,027 dogs were acquired...

  17. Olfactory detection of prostate cancer by dogs

    Contributor(s):: Girardet, C., Cornu, J. N., Cussenot, O.

    Abstract from the 2011 International Working Dog Conference, Johannesburg, South Africa, October 2011: Volatiles organic compounds (VOCs) in urine have been proposed as cancer biomarkers. Our aim is to evaluate the efficacy of prostate cancer detection by trained dogs sniffing human urines samples.

  18. Problems at the human-horse interface and prospects for smart textile solutions

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Sundin, M., Karlsteen, M., Berglin, L., Ternstrom, J., Hawson, L., Richardsson, H., McLean, A. N.

    The significant potential for so-called "smart textiles" in the design of the next generation of devices that measure pressure, tension, moisture, and heat at the human-horse interface is discussed in this article. Research techniques from theoretical and experimental physics laboratories,...

  19. The effects of drug detection training on behavioral reactivity and blood neurotransmitter levels in drug detection dogs: a preliminary study

    Contributor(s):: Riva, J., Marelli, S. P., Redaelli, V., Bondiolotti, G. P., Sforzini, E., Santoro, M. M., Carenzi, C., Verga, M., Luzi, F.

    The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of drug detection training on behavior and blood neurotransmitter levels in drug detection dogs so as to investigate some variables influencing dog reactivity and responsiveness to training. In all, 20 dogs were sampled out of the Guardia di...

  20. Técnica de imprinting, sociabilización y manejo intensivo temprano en el potrillo

    Contributor(s):: Francisco González del Pino, Fernando Escalante, Oscar R. Wilde

    El imprinting es el arte por el cual una persona se “introduce” a un animallactante como un individuo más de su propia especie, realizando unmanejo natural del potrillo en el momento del nacimiento y durante losdías subsiguientes, modificando su personalidad. Este “aprendizaje”ocurre únicamente...