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All Categories (21-40 of 416)

  1. Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.

    Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...

  2. Maximum permissible load for Yonaguni ponies (Japanese landrace horses) trotting over a short, straight course

    Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Mano, H., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.

    This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Yonaguni ponies using gait analysis. The Yonaguni pony is one of the Japanese landrace horses, and has normal gait characteristics when trotting. As a breed they are small in stature and hence susceptible to the effect of the...

  3. Effects of stocking rate on measures of efficacy and welfare during argon gas euthanasia of weaned pigs

    Contributor(s):: Fiedler, K. J., Parsons, R. L., Sadler, L. J., Millman, S. T.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chamber stocking rate on facets of animal welfare and efficacy during euthanasia of weaned pigs ( Sus scrofa domesticus) with argon gas. Two hundred and thirty-three weaned pigs designated for euthanasia at a commercial production farm...

  4. A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care

    Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.

    Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...

  5. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  6. Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.

    Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...

  7. African elephants ( Loxodonta africana) can detect TNT using olfaction: implications for biosensor application

    Contributor(s):: Miller, A. K., Hensman, M. C., Hensman, S., Schultz, K., Reid, P., Shore, M., Brown, J., Furton, K. G., Lee, S.

    The impact of war on local wildlife can be devastating, the effects of which are often felt well beyond the terminus of the initial threat. In areas where wildlife experiences unrestricted movement through previously affected zones, residual, unexploded landmines present a significant and...

  8. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  9. Social learning in dog training: the effectiveness of the Do as I do method compared to shaping/clicker training

    Contributor(s):: Fugazza, C., Miklosi, A.

    Dog training methods traditionally rely on individual learning (mainly operant conditioning). Yet dogs are adept in acquiring information socially and are able to imitate humans. Dogs' predisposition to learn socially has been recently introduced in dog training with the Do as I do method. With...

  10. Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods

    Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.

    Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...

  11. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  12. Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland

    Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.

    There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...

  13. Recreational horse welfare: the relationships between recreational horse owner attributes and recreational horse welfare

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, L. M., Jongman, E., Coleman, G. J.

    In recent years the welfare of recreational horses has become an increasingly important issue, as evident by their high representation in welfare investigations around the world, however, little is known about the welfare of horses used in this capacity. The scientific literature concerning...

  14. Canine and feline behavior for veterinary technicians and nurses

    Contributor(s):: Shaw, J. K., Martin, D.

  15. A continuous recording approach to qualitative behaviour assessment in dairy buffaloes ( Bubalus bubalis)

    Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Serrapica, M., Braghieri, A.

    In order to develop a method suitable for a continuous qualitative evaluation of animal behaviour while it changes during the observation period, two recently described techniques, the Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) and the Temporal Dominant Behavioural Expression (TDBE), derived by the...

  16. An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units

    Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.

    Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...

  17. Daily grazing time of dairy cows is recorded accurately using the Lifecorder Plus device

    Contributor(s):: Delagarde, R., Lamberton, P.

    Accurate estimation of daily grazing time and nycthemeral grazing pattern in ruminant nutrition research may result in a better understanding of sward-animal interactions and of the behavioural constraints affecting daily intake at pasture. Portable devices which automatically record grazing...

  18. Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.

    The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...

  19. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  20. Measuring heart rate variability in horses to investigate the autonomic nervous system activity - pros and cons of different methods

    Contributor(s):: Stucke, D., Ruse, M. G., Lebelt, D.

    Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may provide insight into the mental state of the animal held in restricted specific experimental conditions. Determining inter-beat-interval (IBI) variations is one way to measure changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in horses....