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  1. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...

  2. The Three Rs: past, present and future

    Contributor(s):: Russell, W. M. S.

  3. The use of a hand-held algometer as a method to measure mechanical nociceptive thresholds in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S., Zanella, A. J.

    The aim of this study was to explore the use of a hand-held algometer for the measurement of mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNT) in sheep (Ovis aries). Twelve ewes were tested over three consecutive days by two operators, and MNTs were measured over six predetermined sites on both forelimbs...

  4. The use of databases, information centres and guidelines when planning research that may involve animals

    Contributor(s):: Smith, A. J., Allen, T.

    In many countries scientists planning research that may involve the use of animals are required by law to examine the possibilities for replacement, reduction or refinement (the Three Rs) of these experiments. In addition to the large number of literature databases, there are now many specialist...

  5. The welfare and scientific advantages of non-invasive imaging of animals used in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Hudson, M.

    At present, animal experimentation remains central to our understanding of human disease-related processes and of the biological effects of many substances. Traditional experiments have relied heavily on invasive techniques to monitor changes in blood biochemistry, tissue structure or function,...

  6. Tools to measure and improve animal welfare: reward-related behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Harst, J. E. van der, Spruijt, B. M.

    There is an increasing requirement for tools to assess and improve animal welfare in an objective and scientifically based manner. In our research a concept of welfare is applied which states that welfare is determined by the balance between positive and negative experiences. This concept implies...

  7. Training laboratory-housed non-human primates, part 1: a UK survey

    Contributor(s):: Prescott, M. J., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Training using positive reinforcement is increasingly recognised as a valuable tool for the humane and effective management and use of laboratory-housed non-human primates. We utilised a mixed-mode questionnaire to survey use of training and other learning processes (socialisation, habituation...

  8. Transcranial magnetic stunning of broilers: a preliminary trial to induce unconsciousness

    Contributor(s):: Lambooij, E., Anil, H., Butler, S. R., Reimert, H., Workel, L., Hindle, V.

    This study was performed to identify whether non-focal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with an adapted coil for broilers has the potential for use as a non-invasive stunning method for broilers. Application of the TMS probe resulted in dominance of theta and delta waves and appearance of...

  9. Validation of an Animal Needs Index for cattle using Test Theory

    Contributor(s):: Herva, T., Peltoniemi, O., Virtala, A. M.

    The validity of an ANI-based welfare index for cattle, the A-Index, was evaluated using Test Theory methods described for quality of life assessments in human medicine. Content validity was considered during the modification of the Index for Finnish beef production. In total, 43 items evaluating...

  10. Validation of broiler chicken gait scoring training in Thailand, Brazil and New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Knowles, T. G., Whittington, P., Matthews, L., Rogers, A., Bagshaw, C. S.

    Broiler chickens are the most numerous terrestrial farmed animals on earth. These birds can suffer a range of pathologies which result in lameness, and one technique for assessing the impact of lameness on the individual bird, and on the flock has been gait scoring. This paper describes a study...

  11. Video image analysis and animal welfare on farm

    Contributor(s):: Barbera, S.

    The management of farmed livestock frequently creates situations of stress because of the periodical necessity for handling procedures (weight and linear measurements, veterinary procedures etc). Some of these practices can be avoided using technologies that obviate the need for direct handling....

  12. Welfare assessment in 82 pig farms: effect of animal age and floor type on behaviour and injuries in fattening pigs

    Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Eugene, A., Delarue, E.

    A welfare assessment method was built, based on criteria related to behaviour, lesion scores and human/animal interactions, and tested thereafter in two main types of farms differing by their type of floor: either concrete, fully or partially slatted (C; n=42) or straw bedding (S; n=40)....

  13. Welfare assessment in extensive animal production systems: challenges and opportunities

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Dwyer, C. M.

    The welfare of animals in extensive systems has received little attention despite significant welfare challenges in these environments. Additionally, recent reform of Common Agricultural Policy payments in the EU have put increasing financial emphasis on farmers to attain improved levels of...

  14. Welfare assessment of captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus ) and Indian rhinoceros ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) using salivary cortisol measurement

    Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Mauri, M.

    The measurement of salivary cortisol allows non-invasive assessment of welfare in captive animals. We utilised this technique to test the effect of zoo opening on six Asian elephants and two Indian rhinoceros at the Terra Natura Zoological Park, Alicante, Spain, during pre-opening, opening and...

  15. Welfare assessment of laying hens in furnished cages and non-cage systems: assimilating expert opinion

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J., Sonck, B.

    It is extremely difficult to carry out an assessment of welfare in an entirely objective manner. The choice of welfare indicators, as well as the assignment of relative weightings to these indicators, both involve a certain degree of subjectivity. The aim of this study was to create a possible...

  16. Macro- and micromorphological features of lifestyle differences in pigs and wild boar

    Contributor(s):: Mainland, Ingrid, Schutkowski, Holger, Thomson, Amy F.