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All Categories (61-80 of 416)

  1. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  2. Impact of individual training parameters and manner of taking breath odor samples on the reliability of canines as cancer screeners

    Contributor(s):: Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Ensminger, J.

  3. Operant conditioning parameters in cancer detection dogs.

    Contributor(s):: Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Adamkiewicz, E.

  4. Quality-of-life assessment techniques for veterinarians

    Contributor(s):: Villalobos, A. E.

  5. A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )

    Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.

    Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...

  6. A comparison of positive reinforcement training techniques in owl and squirrel monkeys: time required to train to reliability

    Contributor(s):: Rogge, J., Sherenco, K., Malling, R., Thiele, E., Lambeth, S., Schapiro, S., Williams, L.

    Positive reinforcement training (PRT) techniques enhance the psychological well being of nonhuman primates by increasing the animal's control over his or her environment and desensitizing the animal to stressful stimuli. However, the literature on PRT in neotropical primates is limited. Here PRT...

  7. A novel approach to identify and map kitten clusters using geographic information systems (GIS): a case study from Tompkins County, NY

    Contributor(s):: Reading, A. S., Scarlett, J. M., Berliner, E. A.

    A retrospective study using a geographic information system (GIS) was conducted to capture, map, and analyze intake data of caregiver (owner)-surrendered kittens (aged 0-6 months) to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) of Tompkins County, NY, from 2009 to 2011. Addresses...

  8. A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P. C.

    Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community...

  9. A veterinary and behavioral analysis of dolphin killing methods currently used in the "drive hunt" in Taiji, Japan

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Brakes, P., Vail, C. S., Reiss, D.

    Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death....

  10. An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )

    Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...

  11. An hourly variation in zoo visitor interest: measurement and significance for animal welfare research

    Contributor(s):: Davey, G.

    A methodological difficulty facing welfare research on nonhuman animals in the zoo is the large number of uncontrolled variables due to variation within and between study sites. Zoo visitors act as uncontrolled variables, with number, density, size, and behaviour constantly changing. This is...

  12. Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...

  13. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  14. Bioacoustic monitoring of aggression in group-housed rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: McCowan, B., Rommeck, I.

    Many captive primate facilities house rhesus macaques in multimale-multifemale social groups in large enclosures that simulate the natural social and environmental features characteristic of the species, enhancing their reproductive performance as well as their psychological well-being, yet one...

  15. Blood collection procedure of laboratory primates: a neglected variable in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.

    A survey of 75 biomedical articles dealing with stress-dependent blood parameters ni caged primates revealed that the conditions under which blood collection occurred were in most cases described either not at all or so haphazardly that it would be impossible to determine if humane handling...

  16. Bobcat ( Lynx rufus ) breeding in captivity: the importance of environmental enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Molla, M. I., Quevedo, M. A., Castro, F.

    Environmental enrichment is an improvement in the biological functioning of nonhuman animals in captivity resulting from modifications to their environment; however, specifying appropriate and practical measures of enrichment is problematic. This study analyzes the behavior of 4 bobcats (Lynx...

  17. Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): a factor to consider during welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Liminana, R., Mauri, M.

    Elevated glucocorticoid levels during an extended time period might be a stress indicator in nonhuman animals. Therefore, knowledge of the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is very important to correctly interpret data obtained for welfare assessment of animals in captivity through salivary...

  18. Efficient cooperative restraint training with rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Bliss-Moreau, E., Theil, J., Moadab, G.

    It is sometimes necessary for nonhuman primates to be restrained during biomedical and psychosocial research. Such restraint is often accomplished using a "primate chair." This article details a method for training adult rhesus macaques to cooperate with a chair restraint procedure using positive...

  19. Environmental enrichment for dendrobatid frogs

    Contributor(s):: Hurme, K., Gonzalez, K., Halvorsen, M., Foster, B., Moore, D., Chepko-Sade, B. D.

    The Central Park Zoo, one of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Living Institutions in New York, recently renovated an exhibit for dart-poison frogs. Staff developed a new hollow coconut insect feeder in conjunction with this project. When the exhibit change, coconut feeder, and other...

  20. Humane killing of nonhuman animals for disease control purposes

    Contributor(s):: Raj, M.

    Reports and guidelines produced by international institutions such as the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, 2005) describe various methods of killing nonhuman animals. Selection and implementation of a killing method may involve several factors. Preventing or minimizing risk to human...