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  1. A comparison of the Monty Roberts technique with a conventional UK technique for initial training of riding horses

    Contributor(s):: Fowler, V., Kennedy, M., Marlin, D.

  2. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...

  3. A desired profile of horse personality – A survey study of Polish equestrians based on a new approach to equine temperament and character

    Contributor(s):: Suwała, Mira, Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Walczak, Marta, Ensminger, John, Jezierski, Tadeusz

    Equine behaviour is crucial for all kinds of equestrian activities, and therefore behavioural traits are considered as selection criteria in horse breeding programs in many countries. Since neither a desired profile of equine personality for particular riding disciplines nor detailed preferences...

  4. A note on hair whorl position and cattle temperament in the auction ring

    Contributor(s):: Lanier, J. L., Grandin, T., Green, R., Avery, D., McGee, K.

    The objective of this study was to further describe the relationships between facial hair whorls and temperament in cattle. Cattle (n=1636) from 6 commercial cattle auctions in Colorado and Texas, USA [date not given] were observed. Whorl location was classified according to lateral position...

  5. A note on stability of behavioural reactions to handling in red deer hinds and their calves

    Contributor(s):: Chaya, W., Pollard, J., Littlejohn, R.

    Behavioural responses and their consistency across repeated handling events were measured in 17 red deer hinds and their calves (8 red plus 11 red x wapiti hybrids), to assist in the development of selection criteria. The deer had been extensively handled prior to the study. Individual responses...

  6. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  7. A review of some factors affecting the expression of libido in beef cattle, and individual bull and herd fertility

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C.

    This paper examines some of the factors that affect the expression of libido in beef cattle, focusing on the male and the free-ranging situation. The ways in which bull libido is assessed and the relationship between libido test results and fertility are discussed. Genetics play a role in...

  8. A spatial discounting test to assess impulsivity in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Brady, Karen, Hewison, Lynn, Wright, Hannah, Zulch, Helen, Cracknell, Nina, Mills, Daniel

    In domestic dog's trait impulsivity can be measured psychometrically using the Dog Impulsivity Assessment Scale (DIAS) and experimentally using a temporal discounting paradigm which requires substantial training. A Spatial Discounting Task (SDT) was developed as an alternative experimental method...

  9. A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training

    Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Blythe, S., Roberts, R., Toothill, L., Craigon, P. J., Evans, K. M., Green, M. J., England, G. C. W.

    An early understanding of behavioral suitability for guiding work in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) would be useful for organizations which train dogs as mobility aids, such as the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. We explored the potential for a standardized test of behavior in young dogs...

  10. A study on the temperament type of puppies in the animated toy test with regard to their proper socialization and specific behaviour build-up

    Contributor(s):: Stoycheva, I., Uzunova, K., Binev, R., Bivolarski, B., Georgieva, V., Rusenov, A., Slavov, T.

    In order to typify their temperaments and facilitate their training and formation of desired behaviour, 24 7-week-old Pointer, Boxer, and German Shepherd puppies were tested twice in an ethological test. Emphasis was put on behavioural activities such as fear, orientation, purposefulness,...

  11. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  12. Age over experience: Consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, Corinna C. A., D’Eath, Richard B.

    Excessive aggression between pigs at mixing is a welfare and production issue resulting in stress, injuries and economic losses. If it can be demonstrated that aggression is a consistent behaviour trait, it might provide a means to reduce these losses. To test for consistency of aggressiveness,...

  13. Aggressive behavior in adopted dogs that passed a temperament test

    | Contributor(s):: Christensen, E., Scarlett, J., Campagna, M., Houpt, K. A.

    Relatively few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of standardized temperament testing in preventing the adoption of dogs with aggressive tendencies from animal shelters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the following hypotheses: (1) a percentage of dogs passing a standardized...

  14. An assessment of behavioural syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Wesley, Robert L., Cibils, Andrés F., Mulliniks, J. Travis, Pollak, Emily R., Petersen, Mark K., Fredrickson, Ed L.

    Individuals in most animal groups exhibit consistent behavioural differences across situations or over time known as behavioural syndromes. We conducted a study with a herd of young rangeland-raised cows to determine whether animals exhibited consistent differences in foraging behaviours across...

  15. An example of application of research in ethology from the horse's temperament tests and record of learning and behavior (LAC)

    | Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Dubois, C., Gillot, A., Delfosse, A., Bon, M. le, Roche, H., Yvon, J. M., Foisnel, S., Rizo, S., Menard, C., Baumgartner, M., Vidament, M.

    The horse's behaviour strongly influences its suitability for riding activity. As professionals and amatory riders were interested by tests aimed at measuring the horse temperament, several scientific studies were conducted. From these studies, two sets of standardised tests were created: - the...

  16. An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders

    | Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.

    This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...

  17. Animal temperament and human disturbance: implications for the response of wildlife to tourism

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, J. G., Reale, D.

  18. Anxiety influences attention bias but not flight speed and crush score in beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Cafe, Linda M., Robinson, Samantha L., Doyle, Rebecca E., Lea, Jim M., Small, Alison H., Colditz, Ian G.

    Attentional biases towards threatening stimuli are increased when animals are in anxious states. An ability to assess negatively valanced affective states such as anxiety are important as they may be related to poor welfare. Flight speed and crush score are two well established tests of...

  19. Applied personality assessment in domestic dogs: limitations and caveats

    | Contributor(s):: Rayment, D. J., Groef, B. de, Peters, R. A., Marston, L. C.

    Modern behavioural tests for domestic dogs are commonly employed across a variety of fields, including the assessment of companion, assistance, working and sporting dogs. While there is increasing scientific attention on the development and evaluation of behavioural tests used to assess...

  20. Arena behaviour is a possible selection criterion for lamb-rearing ability; it can be measured in young rams and ewes

    | Contributor(s):: Kilgour, R. J.

    At 6, 12 and 20 months of age, the behaviour of Australian Merino sheep selected for lamb-rearing ability (31 rams and 29 ewes, fertility flock) was compared with that of unselected sheep (34 rams and 48 ewes) in an arena test. The test consisted of an approach/avoidance test where a sheep was...