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  1. Animal temperament and human disturbance: implications for the response of wildlife to tourism

    Contributor(s):: Martin, J. G., Reale, D.

  2. Temperament in preweanling horses: Development of reactions to humans and novelty, and startle responses

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Boivin, X.

  3. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...

  4. A note on hair whorl position and cattle temperament in the auction ring

    Contributor(s):: Lanier, J. L., Grandin, T., Green, R., Avery, D., McGee, K.

    The objective of this study was to further describe the relationships between facial hair whorls and temperament in cattle. Cattle (n=1636) from 6 commercial cattle auctions in Colorado and Texas, USA [date not given] were observed. Whorl location was classified according to lateral position...

  5. Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test

    Contributor(s):: Momozawa, Y., Ono, T., Sato, F., Kikusui, T., Takeuchi, Y., Mori, Y., Kusunose, R.

    We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scale and a 3-point scale to assess several caretakers' impressions of each horse's temperament, on the basis of...

  6. Describing the ideal Australian companion dog

    Contributor(s):: King, T., Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.

    Dogs have had a long association with humans and are believed to be the first domesticated animal species. Many breeds of dog exist today which vary considerably in physical appearance and temperament. These differences have arisen primarily from selective pressures imposed by humans to create...

  7. Development and validation of a novel method for evaluating behavior and temperament in guide dogs

    Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Hsu, YuYing

    Most guide and service dog organizations would benefit from the development of accurate methods for the early evaluation of canine temperament traits. This paper describes the development and validation of a novel questionnaire method for assessing behaviour and temperament in 1-year-old guide...

  8. Dimensions of maternal behaviour characteristics in domestic and wild x domestic crossbred sows

    Contributor(s):: Spinka, M., Illmann, G., Jonge, F. de, Andersson, M., Schuurman, T., Jensen, P.

    We examined the maternal behaviour of seven domestic and seven wildxdomestic primiparous sows during 10 days post partum at the Wageningen Agricultural University, Neatherlands during April-June 1997 to investigate two questions: (1) Did maternal behaviour change during domestication? (2) Can the...

  9. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....

  10. Genetic analysis of reactivity to humans in Goettingen minipigs

    Contributor(s):: Kohn, F., Sharifi, A. R., Simianer, H.

    Goettingen minipigs are laboratory animals with an increasing demand over the last few years. At the moment, Goettingen minipigs are not selected for a low reactivity to humans and this trait is not included in the breeding programme. However, it is obvious that there is a need for genetically...

  11. How reliable is temperament assessment in the domestic horse ( Equus caballus )?

    Contributor(s):: Seaman, S. C., Davidson, H. P. B., Waran, N. K.

    Differences in behavioural characteristics between individuals of the same species are often described as being due to the temperament of the individuals. These differences can have enormous implications for welfare with some individuals apparently being able to adapt to environmental challenge...

  12. Nursing behaviour, postpartum activity and reactivity in sows: effects of farrowing environment, previous experience and temperament

    Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S.

    Postpartum behaviour during the first 24 h after farrowing (day 0 pp) and on day 10 pp of 40 Landrace/Yorkshire sows was studied in their first and second parity in a crossover experiment regarding farrowing environment (crate vs. get-away-pen (GAP)). The behaviour was compared with the...

  13. Personality traits in the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K., Forkman, B.

    The domestic dog (C. familiaris) has been subjected to a huge range of selection pressures during domestication that has resulted in a considerable diversity in morphology and behaviour. This, together with the many uses the dog is put to in our society, makes the dog an interesting model for...

  14. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 1. Relationships with flight speed and fear of humans

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P., Venus, B. K.

    Numerous tests have been used to measure beef cattle temperament, but limited research has addressed the relationship between such tests and whether temperament can be modified. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding experiences on six occasions...

  15. Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.

    This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...

  16. Quantifying aspects of young horses' temperament: consistency of behavioural variables

    Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Hopster, H., Schilder, M. B. H., Knaap, J. H., Barneveld, A., Blokhuis, H. J.

    The aim of the present work was to measure individual variation and consistency of behavioural variables, related to temperament, in young horses of the same breed and age, and reared under controlled housing conditions and management. A total of 41 Dutch Warmblood horses were tested at 9, 10, 21...

  17. Reactivity to humans: a temperament trait of horses which is stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F.

    The aim of this study was to test the existence of a "reactivity-to-humans" trait which is stable over time and across situations. For this purpose, four test situations were repeated on the same animals at 8 months, 1.5 years (N=110 horses) and 2.5 years of age (N=54 horses). These situations...

  18. Sensory sensitivities: components of a horse's temperament dimension

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Pichard, G., Leconte, M.

    Temperament is an important factor when working with horses. Behavioural tests have already been developed to measure certain dimensions of a horse's temperament (fearfulness, gregariousness, etc.). In order to measure the temperament more precisely, our work aimed to identify a dimension which...

  19. Service dog selection tests: Effectiveness for dogs from animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Greenberg, G.

    Assistance dogs are trained to help people with various physical and mental handicaps and are selected using a test comprising several behavioral components. Anecdotal reports have shown that only about 50% of the dogs selected successfully complete training and become assistance dogs....

  20. Shyness-boldness predicts performance in working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K.

    This study investigates if there are relationships between personality and performance of dogs (Canis familiaris) in working dog trials. Data from 2655 dogs of the two breeds German Shepherd dog (GSD) and Belgian Tervuren (BT) in Sweden obtained between 1989 and 1997 were used. The breeds were...