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  1. Temperament of the Norwegian horse breeds – a questionnaire based study

    Contributor(s):: Olsen, Hanne Fjerdingby, Klemetsdal, Gunnar

    To increase the populations of the Norwegian horse breeds, it is desirable to improve their competitive edge in the market. One of the declared strengths of these populations are their robust temperament, which has not been described sufficiently to be utilized for breeding purposes. A horse...

  2. The association between infrared thermal imagery of core eye temperature, personality, age and housing in cats

    Contributor(s):: Foster, Shannon, Ijichi, Carrie

    Understanding individual responses to stress is a key aspect of maintaining optimal animal welfare. This is especially important where animals are being kept in sub-optimal environments or where the species may not clearly demonstrate stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate...

  3. Relationships between temperament, feeding behaviour, social interactions, and stress in lambs adapting to a feedlot environment

    Contributor(s):: Rice, Maxine, Jongman, Ellen Caroline, Butler, Kym Lloyd, Hemsworth, Paul Hamilton

    The production of lamb meat is a large and important industry in Australia. Variability and seasonality of the climate and the demand for a consistent product (in terms of weight and age) have led to an increase in the use of feedlot systems for finishing lambs. While most lambs acclimatise to...

  4. A desired profile of horse personality – A survey study of Polish equestrians based on a new approach to equine temperament and character

    Contributor(s):: Suwała, Mira, Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Walczak, Marta, Ensminger, John, Jezierski, Tadeusz

    Equine behaviour is crucial for all kinds of equestrian activities, and therefore behavioural traits are considered as selection criteria in horse breeding programs in many countries. Since neither a desired profile of equine personality for particular riding disciplines nor detailed preferences...

  5. Investigating canine personality structure using owner questionnaires measuring pet dog behaviour and personality

    Contributor(s):: Rayment, Diana J., Peters, Richard A., Marston, Linda C., Groef, Bert De

    Questionnaire-based personality and behavioural assessments for domestic dogs are widely used by professional dog handlers, researchers and those working in welfare. In order for behaviour tests to provide accurate, useful information about the future behaviour of test subjects, they need to...

  6. Anxiety influences attention bias but not flight speed and crush score in beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Cafe, Linda M., Robinson, Samantha L., Doyle, Rebecca E., Lea, Jim M., Small, Alison H., Colditz, Ian G.

    Attentional biases towards threatening stimuli are increased when animals are in anxious states. An ability to assess negatively valanced affective states such as anxiety are important as they may be related to poor welfare. Flight speed and crush score are two well established tests of...

  7. Consistency of emotional reactivity assessment results obtained in different behavioural tests

    Contributor(s):: Kozak, Agnieszka, Zięba, Grzegorz, Tietze, Maria, Rozempolska-Rucińska, Iwona

    Emotional reactivity may be a very broad concept comprising many components of temperament traits. The aim of the study was to verify the consistency of assessment of the horse's reactivity level evaluated with different behavioural tests and to answer the question whether emotional reactivity is...

  8. Development of an observational quantitative temperament test in three common parrot species

    Contributor(s):: Coutant, Thomas, Bagur, Sophie, Gilbert, Caroline

    Although temperament has been studied in a wide range of animal species such as primates, dog or a rodents, it has not yet been well documented in birds and in particular in psittacids. Since parrots possess developed communicative and cognitive skills, the study of personality traits is of...

  9. Relationship between quantitative measures of temperament and other observed behaviors in growing cattle

    Contributor(s):: Bruno, Kelsey, Vanzant, Eric, Vanzant, Kirk, Altman, Alexander, Kudupoje, Manoj, McLeod, Kyle

    Measures of temperament have been previously related to gain and intake in beef cattle. Intake effects may be partially mediated through social interactions in that some temperament measures may directly relate to social dominance behavior. To examine the relationships between temperament,...

  10. A spatial discounting test to assess impulsivity in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Brady, Karen, Hewison, Lynn, Wright, Hannah, Zulch, Helen, Cracknell, Nina, Mills, Daniel

    In domestic dog's trait impulsivity can be measured psychometrically using the Dog Impulsivity Assessment Scale (DIAS) and experimentally using a temporal discounting paradigm which requires substantial training. A Spatial Discounting Task (SDT) was developed as an alternative experimental method...

  11. Factors associated with long-term success in working police dogs

    Contributor(s):: Brady, Karen, Cracknell, Nina, Zulch, Helen, Mills, Daniel S.

    With increasing threats of terrorism, police and military detection dogs are of growing importance for protecting servicemen/women and society. However, a relatively high proportion of potential working dogs fail to make full operational status, or are later withdrawn from service. To date,...

  12. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  13. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  14. Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner

    Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...

  15. Spawning executive functions in first graders: Exploring situated learning experiences with the classroom pet consistent with children's temperament

    | Contributor(s):: Kristan Nicole Pearce

    Rapid growth in all domains of development occurs during the early childhood years. Even so, the pressures of high stakes testing and the push down of curriculum often elicit a focus on cognitive development while neglecting other developmental areas important in school and later life success...

  16. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  17. Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance

    | Contributor(s):: Lansade, Léa, Philippon, Pascaline, Hervé, Lucile, Vidament, Marianne

    This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...

  18. Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies: The Measuring of Equine Temperament

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Howard, Thecla Helmbrecht

    The field of equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is growing in popularity as an alternative healing approach. However, there is a paucity of peer-reviewed research on the horses who serve as equal partners in EAAT. The purpose of this quantitative study was to discover the impact of...

  19. Guide dogs: medical tool on four pawsBlindenfuhrhunde: Medizinisches Hilfsmittel auf vier Pfoten

    | Contributor(s):: Hacker, S.

    This article discusses the training and suitability of guide dogs for blind people in Germany.

  20. Characterization of assistance dogs (guide dogs, hearing dogs and service dogs) in PortugalCaraterizacao dos caes de assistencia (caes-guia, caes para surdos e caes de servico) em Portugal

    | Contributor(s):: Carmo, S. A. P. do, Fonseca, I. M. S. P. da, Rosa, I. M. N. G.

    Today's society increasingly tries to provide a way to ease and improve the quality of the human being life with disabilities, like the use of assistance dogs. Guide dogs help blind people, hearing dogs assist people with severe hearing difficulties and service dogs help people with mobility,...