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  1. Individual and environmental factors associated with stereotypic behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in zoo housed polar bears

    Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, David, Lewis, Karen D., Carlstead, Kathy, Bauman, Joan, Perrin, Nancy

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are known to exhibit repetitive pacing behaviors, usually described as stereotypic, in zoo environments. However, little quantitative information exists about the prevalence of pacing in the zoo population. Similarly, large, multi-institutional studies conducted to...

  2. Food-related aggression in shelter dogs: A comparison of behavior identified by a behavior evaluation in the shelter and owner reports after adoption

    Contributor(s):: Marder, Amy R., Shabelansky, Anastasia, Patronek, Gary J., Dowling-Guyer, Seana, D’Arpino, Sheila Segurson

    In order to assess the relationship between food-related aggression in the shelter as identified by a standardized canine behavior evaluation and owner-reported food-related aggression after adoption, this retrospective cohort study followed 97 dogs adopted from a shelter and their adoptive...

  3. Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Wilsson, Erik, Wright, Dominic, Jensen, Per

    Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life...

  4. Behaviour and experiences of dogs during the first year of life predict the outcome in a later temperament test

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Bjällerhag, Nathalie, Wilsson, Erik, Jensen, Per

    Early life experiences are known to shape the behavioural development of animals, and therefore events occurring during preadolescence and adolescence may have long-term effects. In dogs, this period of time may be important for later behaviour and thereby also the suitability of dogs for...

  5. Validity of model devices used to assess canine temperament in behavioral tests

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, Shanis, Siracusa, Carlo, Reisner, Ilana, Valsecchi, Paola, Serpell, James A.

    Temperament tests are widely accepted as instruments for profiling behavioral variability in dogs, and they are applied in numerous areas of investigation (e.g. suitability for adoption or for breeding). During testing, to elicit a dog's reaction toward novel stimuli and predict its behavior in...

  6. Repeatability and reliability of scores from ridden temperament tests conducted during performance tests

    Contributor(s):: König v. Borstel, Uta, Pirsich, Wiebke, Gauly, Matthias, Bruns, Erich

    Current scores for equine personality traits assessed during performance tests are characterised by high means and inadequate variation, hampering genetic selection for these traits. A number of temperament and related behaviour tests have been developed in order to make assessment of equine...

  7. Relationships between scores of the feline temperament profile and behavioural and adrenocortical responses to a mild stressor in cats

    Contributor(s):: Iki, Tazuko, Ahrens, Frank, Pasche, Katharina Hannah, Bartels, Angela, Erhard, Michael Helmut

    There is a growing need for an easy assessment of stress levels in cats in order to more effectively diagnose, distinguish and treat stress-related disorders or behavioural problems. Therefore, we investigated which behavioural changes might be associated with an adrenocortical response to an...

  8. Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of Angus steers during pre-slaughter handling and relationship with temperament and physiological responses

    Contributor(s):: Stockman, Catherine A., McGilchrist, Peter, Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David, Wickham, Sarah L., Greenwood, Paul L., Cafe, Linda M., Blache, Dominique, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Fleming, Patricia A.

    This study examined the behavioural expression of cattle immediately prior to slaughter through the process of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA), and compared these results to measurements of physiology and temperament. Twenty-eight Angus steers were filmed while in a funnel chute as they...

  9. Investigating behavior assessment instruments to predict aggression in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, Sara L., Litster, Annette, Weng, Hsin-Yi, Walker, Sheryl L., Luescher, Andrew U.

    This masked controlled study evaluated a group of dogs to determine if the results of two behavior assessments detected aggression in dogs that had a history of aggression according to a validated questionnaire for measuring behavior and temperament traits in dogs. Groups of dogs with or without...

  10. Behavioral traits detected in shelter dogs by a behavior evaluation

    Contributor(s):: Dowling-Guyer, Seana, Marder, Amy, D’Arpino, Sheila

    Animal shelters and other organizations caring for and placing dogs regularly use behavioral test batteries to evaluate a dog's behavioral tendencies in order to make safe and appropriate placements. Behavioral tendencies, or behavioral traits, are driven in part by personality. Therefore, test...

  11. Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool

    Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner

    Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...

  12. Temperament test for donkeys to be used in assisted therapy

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez-De Cara, Carlos Antonio, Perez-Ecija, Alejandro, Aguilera-Aguilera, Raul, Rodero-Serrano, Evagenlina, Mendoza, Francisco Javier

  13. Evaluation of the predictive validity of the Behavioural Assessment for Re-homing K9's (B.A.R.K.) protocol and owner satisfaction with adopted dogs

    Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S. R., Bennett, P. C.

    It is common practice for animal shelters and rescue organisations to conduct behaviour assessments on the dogs in their care. The information obtained is used to identify dogs suitable for re-homing and also assist with matching dogs to appropriate homes. Although the aim of these assessments is...