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  1. Development of approach and handling tests for the assessment of reactivity to humans of sows housed in stall or in group

    Contributor(s):: Clouard, Caroline, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Devillers, Nicolas

    The aim of the present study was to develop reliable and easy-to-use tests for on-farm assessment of sow reactivity to human in different housing systems. A total of 123 gestating sows at different parities and stages of pregnancy were successively subjected to two tests according to their...

  2. Consistency and stability of behavioural fear responses of heifers to different fear-eliciting situations involving humans

    Contributor(s):: Mazurek, Mickael, McGee, Mark, Crowe, Mark A., Prendiville, Daniel J., Boivin, Xavier, Earley, Bernadette

    This study investigated the consistency and stability of fear responses in housed beef heifers over time using three behavioural tests. The flight (time to join peers and avoidance distance), docility (isolation and handling) and fear (4 phases; responses of isolated heifers in (i), the absence...

  3. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation

    Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  4. Assessment of sociability in farm animals: The use of arena test in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Ligout, Séverine, Foulquié, Didier, Sèbe, Frédéric, Bouix, Jacques, Boissy, Alain

    The present study aimed to evaluate an experimental approach to individually assess social reactivity among sheep. INRA401 male lambs (n=163) were reared together outdoors as part of a larger flock. Fifteen days after weaning the animals were individually exposed to an arena test of 2 phases...

  5. An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease

    Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...

  6. Influence of age and experience rider on differentiate the behaviour of recreational horses being prepared for use

    Contributor(s):: Jastrzebska, E., Wilk, I.

  7. Relationships among aggressiveness, fearfulness and response to humans in finisher pigs

    Contributor(s):: O’Malley, Carly I., Wurtz, Kaitlin E., Steibel, Juan P., Bates, Ronald O., Ernst, Catherine W., Siegford, Janice M.

    Mixing unfamiliar pigs is common in modern production, resulting in intense aggression potentially leading to injury and stress. One solution is breeding against aggressiveness. However, in order to anticipate the consequences of such selection, we need to understand how individual aggressiveness...

  8. Effects of rearing conditions on behavioural responses, social kinetics and physiological parameters in gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata

    Contributor(s):: Sánchez-Muros, María José, Sánchez, Belén, Barroso, Fernando G., Toniolo, Martín, Trenzado, Cristina E., Sanz Rus, Ana

    Knowing the best conditions to culture fish it is an important issue for aquaculture. Stocking density and routine handling are two factors with a great influence the outcome. This experiment examined the effects of different rearing conditions, corresponding to medium density (10kg/m3; MD), high...

  9. Development of test for determining olfactory investigation of complex odours in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Rørvang, Maria Vilain, Jensen, Margit Bak, Nielsen, Birte Lindstrøm

    The sense of smell is likely to influence the behaviour of domestic and captive animals in a wide range of management and housing situations. In domestic cattle, there may be unexploited potential for using odours and olfaction in the management; however, published studies on bovine olfactory...

  10. Intraspecific relationships in adult domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) living in the same household: A comparison of the relationship with the mother and an unrelated older female dog

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Carlone, Beatrice, Votta, Emilia, Ricci, Eva, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo

    There is scientific evidence that adult dogs establish attachment bonds towards human beings. Attachment as behavioural system exists in the puppy-mother relationship, but adult dogs tested with the Ainsworth Strange Situation Test (ASST) have been found to show a preference for the stranger over...

  11. The backtest in pigs revisited—Inter-situational behaviour and animal classification

    Contributor(s):: Zebunke, Manuela, Nürnberg, Gerd, Melzer, Nina, Puppe, Birger

    Since the introduction of the backtest for the early detection of coping strategies in piglets by Hessing in the 1990s, this behavioural test has been intensively investigated with ambiguous results. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency might be the different classification...

  12. The behavioural effects of supplementing diets with synthetic and naturally sourced astaxanthin in an ornamental fish (Puntius titteya)

    Contributor(s):: Eaton, Lewis, Clezy, Kristian, Snellgrove, Donna, Sloman, Katherine

    Carotenoids are routinely incorporated into ornamental fish diets with the aim of enhancing companion fish colouration which may concomitantly affect fish behaviour. Previously, colour enhancement has typically been achieved using synthetic carotenoids, however, there is now growing public demand...

  13. Evaluation of cognitive function in adult rhesus monkeys using the finger maze test

    Contributor(s):: Kim, Keonwoo, Jeon, Hyeon-Ae, Seo, Jincheol, Park, Junghyung, Won, Jinyoung, Yeo, Hyeon-Gu, Jeon, Chang-Yeop, Huh, Jae-Won, Kim, Young-Hyun, Hong, Yonggeun, Choi, Ji-Woong, Lee, Youngjeon

    In research on cognitive function, the use of experimental animals is essential for the study of human cognitive processes and mechanisms. Furthermore, non-human primates are necessary for understanding higher cognitive functions in humans. However, there are few cognitive function tests...

  14. Factors of potential influence on different behavioural tests in fattening pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mieloch, F. J., Nietfeld, S., Straßburg, C., Krieter, J., Grosse Beilage, E., Czycholl, I.

    The present study aimed at isolating factors of potential influence on the Novel-Object Test (NOT), the Forced Human-Approach Test (FHAT), the Voluntary Human-Approach Test (VHAT) and the Human-Animal Relationship Test (HART) to draw conclusions about factors that should be considered when using...

  15. Behavioural outcomes of housing for domestic dog puppies (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Pąsiek, Magdalena, Pietraszewski, Dariusz, Smith, Carl

    Domestic dogs experience a sensitive period for learning during early life and conditions during this time can have important consequences in the adult. We investigated the effects of kennel environment during early life, comparing the temperaments of puppies reared in indoor kennels, located in...

  16. Can you handle it? Validating negative responses to restraint in cats

    Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Picketts, Victoria A., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Niel, Lee

    Cats routinely undergo handling and restraint for examinations and procedures throughout their lifetime. In recent years there has been increased awareness that some forms of restraint have the potential to negatively impact cat health and welfare, but there has been limited research to assess...

  17. A forced lateralisation test for dairy cows and its relation to their behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Amira, A. Goma, Gareth, P. Pearce, Jashim, Uddin, Eloise, Rimon, Harriet, Davies, Clive, J. C. Phillips

    Dairy cows' emotional state can sometimes be inferred from their behaviour, for example previous studies have suggested that those passing a novel person to the right are more likely to be anxious than those passing to the left. We undertook two studies of cow behaviour as they passed a novel...

  18. Owner personality and the wellbeing of their cats share parallels with the parent-child relationship

    Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Ward, J., Farnworth, M. J., Mills, D. S.

  19. Factors of potential influence on different behavioural tests in fattening pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mieloch, F. J., Nietfeld, S., Straßburg, C., Krieter, J., Grosse Beilage, E., Czycholl, I.

  20. Examining How Dog 'Acquisition' Affects Physical Activity and Psychosocial Well-Being: Findings from the BuddyStudy Pilot Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Potter, K., Teng, J. E., Masteller, B., Rajala, C., Balzer, L. B.