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  1. Relationships between body temperatures and behaviours in lactating dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Uddin, Jashim, Phillips, Clive J. C., Auboeuf, Mathieu, McNeill, David M.

  2. Can eye surface temperature be used to indicate a stress response in harbour seals (Phoca vitulina)?

    Contributor(s):: MacRae, A. M., McGreevy, P., Daros, R. R., Fraser, D.

  3. Long-term hyperalgesia and traumatic neuroma formation in tail-docked lambs

    Contributor(s):: Larrondo, C., Bustamante, H., Paredes, E., Gallo, C.

  4. The Right Angle: Validating a standardised protocol for the use of infra-red thermography of eye temperature as a welfare indicator

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, C., Evans, L., Woods, H., Yarnell, K.

  5. Using technology to monitor and improve zoo animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.

  6. Effect of milk allowance on the suitability of automated behavioural and physiological measures as early disease indicators in calves

    Contributor(s):: Lowe, Gemma L., Sutherland, Mhairi A., Waas, Joseph R., Cox, Neil R., Schaefer, Allan L., Stewart, Mairi

  7. The Use of Infrared Thermography (IRT) as Stress Indicator in Horses Trained for Endurance: A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Silvia Mazzola, Gaia Dominique Bariffi, Martina Zappaterra, Leonardo Nanni Costa, Barbara Padalino

    The aim of this pilot study was to document the effects of endurance training at different intensities on heart rate (HR), blood count, serum cortisol, and maximal temperatures of different body locations, namely eye, crown, pastern pasterns, gluteus and longissimus...

  8. Dually investigated: The effect of a pressure headcollar on the behaviour, discomfort and stress of trained horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Wild, Hayley, Dai, Francesca, Bordin, Alexandre, Cameron-Whytock, Heather, White, Samuel J., Yarnell, Kelly, Starbuck, Gareth, Jolivald, Aurelie, Birkbeck, Lauren, Hallam, Sarah, Costa, Emanuela Dalla

    The Dually™ is a control headcollar designed to improve equine behaviour during handling challenges by applying greater pressure than a standard headcollar. Previous research indicated it did not improve compliance in naïve horses but did result in higher Horse Grimace Scale scores (HGS)...

  9. The influence of human interaction on guinea pigs: Behavioral and thermographic changes during animal-assisted therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Wirth, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Riemer, S., Hattendorf, J., Zinsstag, J., Hediger, K.

  10. Infrared Thermography as an Indicator of Heat Loss in Fur-Chewing Chinchillas (Chinchilla Lanigera)

    | Contributor(s):: Łapiński, Stanisław, Orel, Joanna, Niedbała, Piotr, Kucharska, Weronika, Jakubowska, Magdalena, Lisowska-Lis, Agnieszka, Tombarkiewicz, Barbara, Lis, Marcin W.

    Fur-chewing is a common problem in chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera). It may affect the welfare of animals due to heat loss, thereby possibly impacting food and water intake to maintain body temperature. In this context, infrared thermography seems to be a suitable method of measuring heat...

  11. Thermography as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress and Fear of Humans in Sheep

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Elisabetta Canali, Bruno Cozzi, Nicola Ferri, Eugenio Heinzl, Michela Minero, Matteo Chincarini, Giorgio Vignola, Emanuela Dalla Costa

    No data have been published on the use of infrared thermography (IRT) to evaluate sheep emotions. We assessed whether this technique can be used as a non-invasive measure of negative emotions. Two voluntary animal approach (VAA) tests were conducted (and filmed) on five ewes before and after...

  12. Effect of simple and low-cost enrichment items on behavioral, clinical, and productive variables of caged laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Frediani, Mayra H., Pizzutto, Cristiane S., Alves, Maíra B. R., Pereira, Ricardo J. G.

    Housing layers in battery cages is a practice still used by many countries but it has been criticized because of its influence on behavioral repertoire of birds. We investigated whether simple and affordable enrichment devices alone impact behavior, foot condition and performance of laying hens...

  13. The association between infrared thermal imagery of core eye temperature, personality, age and housing in cats

    | Contributor(s):: Foster, Shannon, Ijichi, Carrie

    Understanding individual responses to stress is a key aspect of maintaining optimal animal welfare. This is especially important where animals are being kept in sub-optimal environments or where the species may not clearly demonstrate stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate...

  14. Weaning and separation stress: maternal motivation decreases with litter age and litter size in farmed mink

    | Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens, Sørensen, Dennis D., Larsen, Torben, Palme, Rupert, Hansen, Steffen W.

    The optimal timing of separating the mink dam from the litter is suggested to be a balance between the partly conflicting needs of the mother and the kits. Early removal of the dam or partial removal of the litter may protect the dam against exhaustion. Little is, however, known about dam stress...

  15. Poker Face: Discrepancies in behaviour and affective states in horses during stressful handling procedures

    | Contributor(s):: Squibb, Keith, Griffin, Kym, Favier, Rebecca, Ijichi, Carrie

    Correct assessment of stress in horses is important for both horse welfare and handler safety during necessary aversive procedures. Handlers depend on behaviour when judging how well an individual is tolerating stressful procedures such as loading or veterinary intervention. However, evidence...

  16. Dually Noted: The effects of a pressure headcollar on compliance, discomfort and stress in horses during handling

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Tunstall, Shelby, Putt, Ella, Squibb, Keith

    Horse handlers often encounter problem behaviour resulting from a lack of stimulus control. Handlers are often only 15% of the weight of horses, which evolved strong flight responses. Therefore, many riders and handlers resort to the use of "aids" to maintain control of their animals. However,...

  17. Stranger danger? An investigation into the influence of human-horse bond on stress and behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Griffin, Kym, Squibb, Keith, Favier, Rebecca

    Human-animal bond is receiving increasing attention and is thought to confer benefits on well-being and performance in working animals. One important benefit of bonding is the "safe base" an attachment figure provides, which manifests in better coping and increased exploration during potential...

  18. Behavioural and physiological responses of laying hens to automated monitoring equipment

    | Contributor(s):: Buijs, Stephanie, Booth, Francesca, Richards, Gemma, McGaughey, Laura, Nicol, Christine J., Edgar, Joanne, Tarlton, John F.

    Automated monitoring of behaviour can offer a wealth of information in circumstances where observing behaviour is difficult or time consuming. However, this often requires attaching monitoring devices to the animal which can alter behaviour, potentially invalidating any data collected. Birds...

  19. Exploratory Investigation of Infrared Thermography for Measuring Gorilla Emotional Responses to Interactions with Familiar Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heintz, M. R., Fuller, G., Allard, S.

  20. Measuring the heat loss in horses in different seasons by infrared thermography

    | Contributor(s):: Autio, E., Neste, R., Airaksinen, S., Heiskanen, M. L.

    It is necessary to consider breed and cold tolerance in the housing and caring of horses. This study demonstrates differences in heat loss between horse types at low temperatures and examines rate of loss in different types during different seasons. Eighteen horses participated. Groups by type...