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  1. Does Human–Animal Similarity Lower the Need to Affirm Humans’ Superiority Relative to Animals? A Social Psychological Viewpoint

    Contributor(s):: Amiot, Catherine E., Sukhanova, Ksenia, Greenaway, Katharine H., Bastian, Brock

    This research integrates different social psychological theories to test whether human–animal similarity promotes affiliation with animals and lowers the need to affirm humans’ superiority relative to animals. On the basis of theories of intergroup relations, terror management theory, and work...

  2. Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners

    Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar

    Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...

  3. Longitudinal effects of human supremacy beliefs and vegetarianism threat on moral exclusion (vs. inclusion) of animals

    Contributor(s):: Leite, Ana C., Dhont, Kristof, Hodson, Gordon

  4. Anxiety influences attention bias but not flight speed and crush score in beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Cafe, Linda M., Robinson, Samantha L., Doyle, Rebecca E., Lea, Jim M., Small, Alison H., Colditz, Ian G.

    Attentional biases towards threatening stimuli are increased when animals are in anxious states. An ability to assess negatively valanced affective states such as anxiety are important as they may be related to poor welfare. Flight speed and crush score are two well established tests of...

  5. Recent animal disease outbreaks and their impact on human populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeff B Bender, William Hueston, Michael Osterholm

    There are very positive and strong connections between animals and humans, but also reasons for concern because about 61% of all human pathogens are zoonotic. The increase in new diseases, is due to increases in world trade, animal translocation, ecological disruptions, climate change,...

  6. The social regulation of neural threat responding

    | Contributor(s):: Brown, Casey, Coan, James A., Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  7. The Effects of Owl Decoys and Non-Threatening Objects on Bird Feeding Behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Leah Rensel, Jannell Wilder

    As traditional agricultural practices change, the scarecrow has also been renovated and modernized to include mock natural predators, such as owls, hawks, and falcons instead of comical human representations. These facsimiles represent an excellent opportunity to examine anti-predatory tactics...

  8. New perspectives on dolphin whistles: Evaluating signal context, categorization and memory

    | Contributor(s):: Bruck, Jason Neal

  9. Trans-Species Urban Politics: Stories From a Beach

    | Contributor(s):: Holmberg, Tora

  10. Clinical material

    | Contributor(s):: Rhode, Maria

    Finn is a fostered boy aged eight, seen three times a week for psychotherapy. He and an older sibling were removed from his parents when Finn was aged five, and placed with the current foster carers. The placement has periodically been jeopardised by his chaotic and destructive behavior, which...

  11. Spatial distribution of attitudes toward proposed management strategies for a wildlife recovery

    | Contributor(s):: Morzillo, Anita T., Mertig, Angela G., Garner, Nathan, Liu, Jianguo

    Wildlife managers regularly incorporate human attitudes into decisions involving wildlife conservation. Knowing the spatial distribution of particular attitudes may further assist managers in determining distribution of support of or threats against wildlife species. Using results from a mail...

  12. Dangerous dog or dastardly dude? Anthropomorphism, threat, and willingness to approach non-human targets

    | Contributor(s):: Butterfield, Max Edward

  13. Determining the Differences in Hurricane Perception and Evacuation Behavior in the Elderly of South Carolina

    | Contributor(s):: Bowser, Gregg

  14. Pets, intimate partner violence, and the abuser's perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Stevenson, Rochelle

    Domestic violence remains a serious social issue. In North America, millions of women are victimized each year, and many of these women are victims of violence at the hand of their intimate partners. A small but growing body of research on domestic violence has shown that companion animals are...

  15. Domestic violence and the abuse of pets: researching the link and its implications in Ireland

    | Contributor(s):: Allen, Mary, Gallagher, Barbara, Jones, Boyd

  16. Animals in the media: New boundaries of risk?

    | Contributor(s):: Gerber, David L. J., Burton-Jeangros, Claudine, Dubied, Annik

  17. The adaptive value of tool-aided defense against wild animal attacks

    | Contributor(s):: Crabb, Peter B., Elizaga, Andrew